Finally, the arm and leg movements and directions are also coordinated. The elementary backstroke is not the same as the back crawl or plain “backstroke.” Rather, the elementary backstroke is like an upside-down version of the breaststroke. 6. The arm stroke of the elementary backstroke may be of one of two types: (1) The best method for military swimming is to swing the straight arms sideward and upward, palms down, with the little finger leading, and slightly nearer the surface than the thumb. To help with breathing and helps with lengthening arm movement. Progressions ... Key considerations for efficient survival backstroke are: The arm recovery will create frontal resistance, but if the hands 'slide' through the water towards the shoulders, it will minimize resistance. 6. Breathe in during the power phase of the leading arm and breathe out during the power phase of the trailing arm. Bent Arm Pull. And it shares some of the same elements as the freestyle stroke, which kids commonly learn early in their swimming careers.So if you’ve already taught your little one how to float and/or swim freestyle, backstroke … Its a variation of standard Backstroke in which double arm is used along with Frog Kick instead of Flutter kick. Which strokes have glides? High elbow, close to centerline. ELEMENTARY BACKSTROKE. The backstroke is similar to the freestyle (or front crawl), in that the arm pulling motion alternates, and there is a flutter kick (albeit inverted) to aid in propulsion. In this overview of the backstroke we are gonna get into it all, including: The history of the backstroke. Often taught as a process of “Tickle-T-Touch” (or, in some places, “Chicken, Eagle, Rocket”), elementary backstroke incorporates a series of three arm movements: The Stroke: As you might guess, this stroke done on your back. Timing and body cohesion is vital. As the arm pulls through to completion, the overall path should follow the shape of the letter S. Entry. The stroking arm should have a bent elbow as you move it toward your feet. The hands enter the water little finger first, palm outwards with the upper arm just brushing past the ear. Disadvantages of Elementary Backstroke. The elementary backstroke is another restful stroke, a good one to use when you need to swim for longer periods of time. Swimmer floats on back and face will be upward in the water. Kick. 7. Mouth & nose out of water. Elementary backstroke is slower than regular backstroke. But there’s no rotation involved, like in backstroke. The arms and legs move forward during the first active phase, then outward during the second active phase, then backward and inward during the third active phase of the stroke. The movement is symmetrical. One arm begins to pull as the other recovers over the water surface. When an arm enters the recovery phase out of the water, keep the elbow straight. The arm pulls through an S shape pathway, finishing at the hip, palm downwards. Arm Movement: latissimus dorsi -- dominant in initial catch position; pectoralis major -- smaller contribution than in freestyle; wrist flexors (flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, palmaris longus) -- maintain wrist in a neutral positionbiceps brachii and brachialis -- elbow flexion SWIM- Freestyle (front crawl) Hand position: thumb down (stream line) & palm out. This version of backstroke arm action is used more by competitive swimmers. Elementary Backstroke. Arm movement. Coordinate your movements with precise strokes and kicks for a more effective backstroke. The elementary backstroke uses the whip kick. Elementary Backstroke Breaststroke Side Stroke. The entry is the same as the straight arm pull, with the little finger entering first, the palm facing out and the arm close to the shoulder line. a. 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