The Global Recession of 2007. It is not unique to Jamaica and I am not offering that as an excuse. Crime has this capacity to generate vicious cycles causing unemployment, economic downturns and instability. People can be exposed to violence in many ways. Poverty is expected to decline further with rising per-capita GDP, lower unemployment, and strengthened safety nets. Poverty and crime combined together leave people with two choices: either take part in criminal activities or try to find legal but quite limited sources of income - when there are any available at all. According to the World Bank, in 2012, the official poverty rate in Jamaica fell just shy of 20 percent. Jamaica’s population is estimated at approximately 2.7 million people. A matter of concern. The primary contributing factors for crime and violence in Jamaica is a challenge to identify as crime and violence can thrive in so many environments. Police statistics in Jamaica has shown that since the year 1999 Jamaica’s crime rate has steadily risen. Gated resorts are not immune to violent crime. In 2008, the poverty level rose to 12.3 per cent and in 2009 it rose further to 16.5 per cent," Golding said. "It is naturally a matter of concern to us. Unemployment = Poverty = Crime: Jamaica’s police force is understaffed and has limited resources. Since the 1970s Jamaica's obvious internal threat has come from social violence. Poverty levels stood at 9.9 per cent per cent in 2007. Crime and violence experienced by individuals living in a community is an important public health issue. So the 'crime costs five per cent of economy' formula means a 20 per cent murder rate decline saves roughly J$1.5 billion per month. 1. They may be victimized directly, witness violence or property crimes in their community, or hear about crime and violence from other residents. But this is not the case. In 2017, Jamaica’s homicide rate was 56 per 100,000; in 2018, the homicide rate dropped to 47 per 100,000, but remains three times higher than the average for Latin America and the Caribbean. The state of emergency is thus more than paying for itself. The number of murders and other violence causes Jamaica to have one of the highest crime rates in the world. JEL Codes: I39, Y80, J12, O54 Poverty and crime combined together leave people with two choices: either take part in criminal activities or try to find legal but quite limited sources of income – when there are any available at all. the report offers an assessment of the data collection, analysis, and crime response capabilities in Jamaica, and makes suggestions regarding the most effective way forward. Poverty does not cause crime the way a bacteria causes disease or else everywhere in the world where poverty exists, crime would be rampant. Key words: violence, crime, Jamaica, prevention . 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