The large stone abutment on the West Columbia riverbank and the regularly spaced remnant of stone piers in the river show where these earlier bridges crossed the Congaree River. Dover, NH: Arcadia Pub., 1997. It was a crossroads of the Catawba and Cherokee Nations and the staging point for backcountry development in the state. The river flooded every spring until the Dreher Shoals (Lake Murray) Dam was built. Park history Pre-park. History of Old Fort Congaree . John McCord's private ferry succeeded Joyner's by 1757, becoming public in 1766 by statue. The river serves an important role as the final outlet channel for the entire Lower Saluda and Lower Broad watersheds, before merging with the Wateree River just north of Lake Marion to form the Santee River. By 1894, as a result of mill growth, mill villages began to emerge along the riverbanks in the Midlands. The Saluda River Valley was originally settled by Dutch immigrants in the 1700’s. It's still very navigable even with large barges. It is bordered on the east by the City of Columbia and on the west by the Cities of Cayce and West Columbia. The Congaree River played a significant role in providing power. As river traffic increased, and Columbia began to grow, it became necessary to build a canal. The Congaree River was named for the Siouan-speaking Congaree Indians, who settled below the confluence of the Broad and Saluda Rivers after the Yamassee War. Congaree Indians subsisted on the vegetation and abundant game. The Guinard family built a wooden bridge providing access to the mill and uniting the riverbank communities, as demand for wanting to visit Columbia in- creased. Bald cypress, water oak, sycamore, tupelo and cottonwood are among the trees you'll find in this 24,395-acre park that wraps a Kline, W. S. Columbia, the Capitol City of South Carolina: its history, resources, development and enterprises. Cotton production in the state was among the largest in the country. However, great discussions arose over the capabilities of transporting electricity over a body of water as large as the Congaree and the costs of canal construction. The Gervais Street Bridge construction began in 1926 and was completed in 1928. At this intersection Old Fort Congaree was established in 1718 in order to protect the deerskin trade and the inward migration of … See Article History Congaree River, river, central South Carolina, U.S., formed by the confluence of the Broad and Saluda rivers at Columbia. The Congaree River is a short but wide river in South Carolina in the United States; It flows for only 47 miles (78 km). Rivers would serve as the most important means of transportation in the state for the next 50 years. It's part of the Congaree National Park which covers around 22,000 acres which holds the last remaining oldest growth bottom-land hardwoods in America. NOTE: Forecasts for the Congaree River at Carolina Eastman are issued as needed during times of high water, but are not routinely available. Canal traffic decreased and its subsequent use was transferred to local commerce and as a hydraulic power source for industry. It was named for the Congaree Indians who used to live in the area. Above (1): The plan for Saluda Shoals Park. The Congaree River is heavily influenced by upstream dams, including the 200-foot-high Saluda Dam that creates 48,000-acre Lake Murray, the Columbia Diversion Dam on the Broad River just above the confluence, and the Parr Shoals Dam forming Parr Shoals Reservoir about 25 miles higher upstream. In 1818, the General Assembly granted the Columbia Bridge Company a charter to build toll bridges over the Congaree, Saluda, and Broad Rivers … (A historical marker located near Wateree in Richland County, South Carolina.) The Congaree Swamp, once some 110 square miles (285 square km) in area, is about 20 miles (30 km) southeast of Columbia and is one of the last of the South’s great virgin swamp forests. To this day, material from the quarry is used in highway building. Old Fort Congaree (1718-1722) - A British colonial fort established in 1718 between the Congaree River and the Congaree Creek in Lexington County, South Carolina. After a course of about 50 miles (80 km), part of which forms the boundary between Richland and Calhoun counties, the Congaree joins the Wateree River southeast of Columbia to become the Santee River. Norfolk, Va.: Donning Co., 1986. In 1865, on the 17th of February, General W.T. The Congaree River is formed by the confluence of the Saluda River and the Broad River in downtown Columbia. Website | Directions. The Santee has been dammed to form Lake Marion, a reservoir 40 miles (64 km) long that…. The Congaree River Bridge carries Gervais Street across the river to Lexington County. The river serves an important role as the final outlet channel for the entire Lower Saluda and Lower Broad watersheds, before merging with the Wateree River just north of Lake Marion to form the Santee River. From 1928-1953, the Gervais Street Bridge would be the only means of crossing the Congaree. After being blocked by the Columbia Diversion Dam and Canal for 125 years, those 25 miles of the Broad River above Columbia are now open to American shad and other migrating fish—and to the anglers wh… edisto Beach State Park. 1600: 800 History – Congaree Indians. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Congaree-River. It is a landscape of rivers, flood plain swamps and hardwood bluffs. Serving as the highway of the day, South Carolina’s rivers provided ready access to an inland wilderness. Inc., 1979. As is often the case, Columbia’s history is tied inextricably to its landscape, and more specifically, its rivers. The story of our history is tied to the land, and as with many places, a river runs through it. Modern visitors to the park enjoy a pristine landscape that seems ancient and untouched by human hands, but in truth its history is far different. This river took its name from the Congaree Indians, a Siouan tribe which occupied the valley until the Yamassee War in 1715. Columbia, South Carolina: a Postcard History. 1827 Congaree Bridge at Gervais Street After over two decades without a bridge over the Congaree River, citizens of Columbia began petitioning for one. (:ill.) Charleston, SC: History Press, 2008. Watch Queue Queue. Omissions? After the end of the Civil War, Columbia would rebuild. Fort Congaree was first built in the early 1700’s near a Native American trading post along Congaree creek. The Congaree River is the major river in the basin; there are no s ignificant tributary streams. The valley was subject to frequent flooding. PROVISIONAL DATA SUBJECT TO REVISION. The state sponsored Columbia Canal was a notable example of engineering expertise in the nineteenth century. BIG CAT on the Congaree River in SC. Your input is greatly appreciated! Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Dutch Fork namesake reflects this heritage, as a fork in the valley where migration occurred. Had it not been for one man’s fateful decision, the magnificent old-growth forest of the Congaree River floodplain would have been destroyed long ago. A fort bearing the tribal name was established near the village in 1718. There was also a zoo in the area where camels, deer, and exotic birds could be viewed. Its 700-year-old cypress and giant pine and oak trees have been described as “the forest of champions, the redwoods of the East.” A portion of this area became Congaree Swamp National Monument in 1976, which was redesignated as Congaree National Park in 2003. Corrections? 1827 Congaree Bridge at Gervais Street After over two decades without a bridge over the Congaree River, citizens of Columbia began petitioning for one. 1840's: Cattle mounts built near dikes within COSW in effort to make land useful for grazing. A major ferry crossing along the Congaree River, know as Friday's ferry, served the area. How to properly install wiring for a 24v Minn Kota Trolling Motor with a Circuit Breaker! We will introduce our guests to the history of the Congaree Indians for which the river gets its name. Share to Google Classroom. American Rivers also unveiled a new waterproof map and interpretative guide of the Congaree River Blue Trail. From this confluence the Santee, as it is called, winds southeastward for 143 miles (230 km) to its delta on the Atlantic Ocean south of Georgetown, S.C. Established in the fall of 1718 by Captain Charles Russell and a dozen men as a fort and trading post. In 1827, a bridge was constructed across the Congaree at the foot of the burgeoning industrial and commercial Gervais Street. Situated along the meandering Congaree River in central South Carolina, Congaree National Park is home to champion trees, primeval forest landscapes, and diverse plant and animal life. Congaree Swamp, the focus of the national park, is the largest area of virgin Southern bottomland hardwoods remaining in the United States.The park consists of an alluvial floodplain on the meandering Congaree River.Flooding occurs about 10 times a year but lasts only from several days to a month at a time, and for most of the year the area is dry. Below is a timeline of the Riverfront from the early 1700 - c.1930. The Congaree River is a short but wide river in South Carolina in the United States; It flows for only 47 miles (78 km). Congaree Riverkeeper watches the Broad, Lower Saluda and Congaree Rivers. Congaree National Park History The Early Past Recent Events Man’s Disturbances Prehistoric peoples hunted the fl oodplain of the Congaree river and fi shed its. We work to protect and improve water quality, wildlife habitat, and recreation on the Broad, Lower Saluda, and Congaree Rivers through advocacy, education, and enforcement of environmental laws. Further downstream on your adventure you will be taken back to a time when river boats ruled the Congaree River and helped in the development of Columbia. Eswa Huppiday meaning “Line River” divided the territory with the Catawba claiming the land to the north and the Cherokee hunting the lands to the south. Evidence of their presence can be found on river bluffs and terraces, sand bars, natural point bars, and man-made mounds along the river valley. Its history dates from 1786, when the legislature ordered a town laid out on the site to The waterway of more than 175 miles in length eventually drained into the Atlantic Ocean. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Though a veritable youngster in the national park realm, Congaree National Park is a vegetative museum, harboring some of the eastern United States' tallest trees in what's said to be the largest old-growth bottomland hardwood forest in the country. The Congaree River is formed by the confluence of the Saluda and Broad Rivers on the west side of Columbia, South Carolina, and flows approx­ imately 50 miles to the Wateree River. History For thousands of years before Europeans arrived in present-day South Carolina, the Congaree River valley was frequented by Indians. A partnership between the City of Cayce and the River Alliance, the 12,000 Year History Park is a unique historical site in Cayce, South Carolina, where the 1865 Civil War battle occurred and is also the location of the historical earthworks. The Broad River and the Saluda River merge to form the Congaree River, which then flows southeast for fifty miles before merging with the Wateree River. Resource extraction on the Congaree River centered on cypress logging from 1898, when the Santee River Cypress Logging Company began to operate in the area of what is now the park. Site History - Congaree River. The Broad River Bridge was built two years later in 1829 and a 1500 ft dam constructed to channel water into the Columbia Canal along the Broad River near its confluence with the Saluda. Ferry boats were used to transport workers across the river to the mill, but with time, the need for a bridge became apparent. Eventually the expansion reached the Congaree River Valley. S.C. Encyclopedia | At the fall line in Columbia, the Broad and Saluda rivers form the Congaree River. The first people in S.C.: SCDNR preserving history at Congaree, other locations. The Bates Bridge Landing is at river mile 51 on the Blue Trail. It was situated along the canal with lined trees and landscaping to screen the large concrete walls of the penitentiary. Population Estimates – Congaree Indians. For a little over a mile, the Congaree River rolls over rapids, shoals, and interspersed islands before it … We will meet you at … The 627-acre preserve, owned and managed by SCDNR, borders the Congaree River and Cayce. The weather was beautiful We enjoyed walking the trails and on the boardwalks beautiful birds of different kind were to be seen. The confluence of the Congaree Full menu. In 1830, the Saluda Factory was built as one of the first textile factories in the state. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Across the river, a trail, now US-1, headed Lake Murray inundated some 78 square miles of land as one of the largest man-made lakes in the world. Columbia experienced remarkable growth during this time. My wife and I visited Congaree national Park in Hopkins South Carolina. In the early 1900’s, Irwin Park provided a public space for Columbia’s growing population. Congaree River, river, central South Carolina, U.S., formed by the confluence of the Broad and Saluda rivers at Columbia. congaree national park. In 1977, Mrs. Blanche Clarke Hare, who was then age 90, remembered seeing a chicken house go down the river … The Congaree lived along the Santee and Congaree rivers, above and below the junction of the Wateree, in central South Carolina. Guided historical walking tours are offered on Saturdays in the spring and fall. Woodland Hills, CA: Windsor Pub. This view of the Congaree River and the Columbia Canal was drawn by the artist A. Grivevald in 1859. Life On The Congaree River With more than 20 miles of riverwalk and trails, plus 12,000 years of history, Cayce, South Carolina offers a free, serene escape to nature within an urban environment. The Congaree River was navigable for steamboats from Columbia to the Santee River. The Guinard Brick Works produced bricks for many of the buildings in Columbia from around 1900 to the mid-twentienth century. It is a large and impressive river that offers a variety of paddling opportunities. Above (5): The falls at the Columbia Canal. 1839-41: James Adams and others use slave labor to begin construction of dikes at NW and SW boundaries of Congaree Swamp. The Congaree River flows through Congaree National Park in Hopkins, about 20 miles southeast of the capital city. The canal was excavated below the falls on the Broad River, just north of the city. They were a small tribe, having lost many by tribal feuds but more by smallpox. Park history Pre-park. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …to its junction with the Congaree. Topics. Above (4): Historical depiction of Sherman crossing the Broad River in pursuit of Confedearate troops. Columbia, city, capital of South Carolina, U.S., and seat (1799) of Richland county. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Sennema, David C., and Martha D. Sennema. Today the site sits on Riverland Drive, just south of an access point to the Cayce Riverwalk. If you attended the Congaree River Cleanup Public Meeting on November 17, 2020, please consider filling out our feedback survey. Ten years later, the State would drop its subsidy of the canal and by 1842 the railroads would arrive. Six textile mills were built in Columbia between 1890 and 1905. Introduction During the first halfofthe 18th century, there were two fortifications built in the vicinity ofthe Congarees, just below the confluence ofthe Saluda and Broad Rivers. Established in the fall of 1718 by Captain Charles Russell and a dozen men as a fort and trading post. Fort Congaree II stood on the west bank of the Congaree River just below the fall line, and just north of the town of Saxe Gotha in present-day Cayce. Resource extraction on the Congaree River centered on cypress logging from 1898, when the Santee River Cypress Logging Company began to operate in the area of what is now the park. Old Fort Congaree (1718-1722) - A British colonial fort established in 1718 between the Congaree River and the Congaree Creek in Lexington County, South Carolina. More... St. John's Parish was organized in 1858 and a church building begun. The century-old Weston family burying ground was chosen for the site. 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