Chapter 8. https: μακάριος κ.τ.λ. BibliographyPett, Peter. 1865-1868. Dr. R.C. 19 Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace, and things wherewith one may edify another. BibliographyGill, John. Hebrews 9:9. before = in the sight of. BibliographySimeon, Charles. A blessed person has a well-oriented soul to God; that is, he is prosperous toward God. The lovers of pleasure, the votaries of gain, the formal religionist, all conceive their respective lines to be, on the whole, such as they are at liberty to follow, and such as shall issue well in the end. It is anexhortation,—nottokeepitprivateto himself, not to suppress his sentiments,—but to retain them steadily, and never do or say any thing inconsistent with them: as it follows, "Happy is the man who condemns not himself, by doing or professing any thinginconsistent with what he is assured in his own conscience is right." do you believe that the ceremonial law is abolished, and that it is right for you to eat all kinds of food? In order to answer our question let’s briefly notice what the Roman letter is about. Romans 14:21 It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor any thing whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak. But the way to be happy is to have a “clear conscience” in what we do; or in other words, if we have “doubts” about a course of conduct, it is not safe to indulge in that course, but it should be at once abandoned. 23. 1896. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". "William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament". in the sight of God. 22 Hast thou faith? "Commentary on Romans 14:22". The Jewish converts cautioned against judging, … Romans 14:4; 1 Corinthians 15:36; 2 Corinthians 2:10. Hast thou faith? Happy is he that condemneth not himself in that which he alloweth. Having no other law, “they are a law unto themselves [Note: Romans 2:14. You can ignore the wider context of Romans 9-11 and zero in on the pregnant statements in verse 9 (“If you confess with your lips that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 10:5-15" Being right in itself, it is to be piously, and not ostentatiously or injuriously paraded and employed. Εχω, have, has frequently this emphatical signification. https: The first is, keep it privately, i.e. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. I wish that I had the benefit of the next two chapters now, and going forward, but I … BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Romans 14:22". ), says, πίστιν ἐνταῦθα οὐ τὴν περὶ δογμάτων, ἀλλὰ τὴν περὶ τῆς προκειμένης ὑποθέσεως λέγει …, ἐκείνη μὲν γὰρ μὴ ὁμολογουμένη καταστρέφει, αὕτη δὲ ὁμολογουμένη ἀκαίρως. If a man have not peace in his own bosom, he cannot be happy; and no man can have peace who sins against his conscience. Thus: he is a happy man who can eat what he pleases, and drink what he please, without any qualms of conscience to condemn him while he does so.[18]SIZE>. The assumption appears to be that such weaker brothers and sisters would be present at love feasts in most church groups. by Grant | May 31, 2014 | Romans | 0 comments. https: — — —], 2. But towards their conscience they have obligations of the highest order, on account of the pre-eminent authority with which it is invested, and the influence which it exercises over our whole man. Those who possess not the knowledge of God’s revealed will have yet some principles of action, which they regard as binding, and in accordance with which the voice of conscience speaks. All other rights reserved. ], [But it is not as a monitor only that conscience acts, but as a judge also: and in this respect it is God’s vicegerent in the soul. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". The “faith” here is not saving faith but faith in the principle of grace or liberty in the course of our lives. Chapter 12. New York, USA. ], [We should not go on blindfold, but should endeavour to see our way clear before we enter upon any course of action. We may hold many opinions, but we may not force them on others. https: It is a rare felicity (this is always what μακάριος denotes) to have a conscience untroubled by scruples—in Paul’s words, not to judge oneself in the matter which one approves (sc., by his own practice); and he who has this felicity should ask no more. The context clearly confutes such a misconstruction.’ A Christian may forego his liberty with respect to meats and drinks, but he has no right to practice what God has not enjoined, nor to avoid practicing what God has instituted. 1765. To do what we secretly condemn is to violate our norms of behavior. ];” and his advice, if followed, will only cause our feet to stumble to our ruin. Romans 14:21: Romans 14: Romans 14:23. Mature Christians put everything they do before God for His approval. Happy is he; who does not allow himself in things which his conscience condemns, or the propriety of which he doubts. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". Jesus Is Precious Because Through Him We Become Authentic. https: BibliographyEdwards, Justin. https: 1. ‘The faith which you have, have you to yourself before God. The reader will observe that here, as in Romans 14:22, faith does not signify the believing in Christ, and in the truths and promises of his gospel, but a persuasion that what one doth is lawful. — It is of no importance whether we read this as a question, with our version, or as a declaration of a known fact. In that which he alloweth - Which he “approves,” or which he “does.” Who has a clear conscience in his opinions and conduct. - The term faith seems to signify in this place a full persuasion in a man's mind that he is right, that what he does is lawful, and has the approbation of God and his conscience. Ver. “I was thinking of something that would weaken my conscience.”113 In Romans 14the apostle Paul is dealing with matters of Christian conscience and personal convictions, especially as they relate to the relationships of the strong and the weak. Part of The Bible Teaching Commentary on the Book of Romans. [17] James Denny, The Second Epistle to the Corinthians (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. ], a source of unutterable joy. 1878. Thus is removed that vain excuse which many allege on the ground of ignorance; inasmuch as their error is connected with insensibility and sloth: for if what they call good intention is sufficient, their examination, according to which the Spirit of God estimates the deeds of men, is superfluous. 5. Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. The stronger Christian might be ready to say, as it is in Romans 14:14: I know and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that nothing is unclean of itself; I firmly believe, that now, under the gospel, all meats are lawful, and that I have liberty to use or eat what I please; and is it not fit that my practice should be agreeable to my belief, that I should act according to my judgment? The blessedness of the mature does not need to be disturbed should the immature condemn him. Used by Permission. The faith which thou hast (this reading, which is the more probable on critical grounds, was perhaps changed into the σὺ πίστιν ἔχεις of the rec. Those who make proper efforts to ascertain what is right, and who do only what they believe to be so, will be truly blessed in the approbation of conscience and of God; while those who do what they do not believe to be right, will be condemned both by themselves and their Maker. We ought, then, [We have before observed, that conscience prescribes no rule to us, but only gives its testimony according to a rule which has previously existed in the mind. Liberty for self and liberty for others are two different things. Of course, this is not to be over-pressed, as if it were wrong to discuss such points at all with our weaker brethren. Happy is the man. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Romans 14:22". 1 Corinthians 16:3; 2 Corinthians 8:22; 1 Thessalonians 2:4 (pass.). 22.Hast thou faith? have it to thyself before God. The faith which then hast, etc. By faith we here by no means understand, with Dr. Hodge, “a firm persuasion of the lawfulness of all kinds of meat.” Such a variance in interpreting this most important word from its uniform meaning throughout this epistle is arbitrary and dangerous. Paul evidently wrote this verse with the strong in view primarily (cf. Romans 15:1, but.— κρίνων, judging [condemning]) [Condemning] judging and approving are the words in antithesis: by combining the two, the doubting conscience is exquisitely described, when a man approves a thing, and yet [condemns] judges his own action. Before God, i.e. Hast thou faith? Another person may have a fuller insight into the nature of Christian liberty than you: and “to his own Master must every man stand or fall.” Be you contented with approving your own selves to God; and leave to others the latitude which you claim for yourselves [Note: ver. Such Christians as have different sentiments from their brethren, as to the matters of indifferent things especially, ought to keep their judgment and opinion to themselves, and not to hazard the peace of the church by an imprudent publication: Hast thou faith? - The word “faith” here refers only to the subject under discussion - to the subject of meats, drinks, etc. "Commentary on Romans 14:22". Romans 14:20 For meat destroy not the work of God. ]:” and the office of conscience is, to testify, when they fulfil, and when they violate, this law. « Romans 14:22. But they can have no doubt about the propriety of an “opposite” course. have it to thyself before God: I know and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that nothing is unclean of itself; Happy is he that condemneth not himself in that thing which he alloweth; Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament. Thus the strong believer will not approve of acts which cause harm to other people. And happy is it for the Christian when his just views are not acted on in such a manner as to stumble others. 1840-57. https: Hast thou faith?—We prefer the different reading which admits the following rendering: What faith thou hast, have to thyself before God. "Commentary on Romans 14:22". Thou hast a right persuasion concerning thy Christian liberty; and I advise thee to hold that persuasion steadfastly, with respect to thyself in the sight of God. 1700-1703. By faith here seems clearly to be understood the faith of which Paul had been speaking in the context; a faith which some Christians had, and others had not, viz., a firm belief "that there is nothing (no meat) unclean of itself." Instead of reading the first clause interrogatively, Hast thou faith? This mature person does not trust his own judgment in what he values but goes to God’s Word for judgment about these things. Chapter 10. There are, it is true, circumstances which may well admit of doubt: and, under such circumstances, you will do well to consult some one of known piety and deep experience; and at the same time to seek direction from God, through the influence of his Holy Spirit. "Commentary on Romans 14:22". It is not mere sincerity, or a private opinion, of which the apostle speaks: it is conviction as to what is the truth and will of God. Thus in order to be happy it is necessary to have consideration towards others. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. Compare Romans 1:28; 1 Corinthians 16:3, for a similar use of the word ( δοκιμάζω) here employed. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. ].”], 1. In order to conclude, he shows in what consists the advantage of Christian liberty: it hence appears, that they boast falsely of liberty who know not how to make a right use of it. St. Paul, when he persecuted the saints, supposed that in so doing he was discharging a duty to God; for “he thought that he ought to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus.” Doubtless in this he sinned: but his sin consisted, not in following the dictates of his own conscience, but in having his conscience so ill-informed. Paul offered a personal question to mature believers about confidence in their faith in the liberty of grace. We should maintain a godly jealousy over ourselves, lest “Satan beguile us,” or our own heart deceive us. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. "Commentary on Romans 14:22". Dr. Taylor has a judicious note on this passage. This interpretation seems better suited to the context, and to the force of the words, than another which is also frequently given, ‘Blessed is the man who does not condemn himself, i.e. We must not take it ill if our friends prefer work which is pleasing to God, before visits and compliments, which may please us. 1685. 1863-1878. Chapter 3. https: "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". -(Commentary on Romans, R. L. Whiteside, pages 266-267): "In this chapter and in 1 Cor., chapters 8 and 10:14-33, Paul discusses the matter of eating meat; but in the main the points of emphasis in the two letters are different. That opinion cherish and act on, yet so as not to give offence, and to produce disturbance in the church. The man who has faith should not disturb his weak brother with an unseasonable declaration of his faith in this matter. He has no cause for condemning himself in this matter. Blessed is he that condemneth not himself in that which he alloweth. There are of course other passages that do that, such as those that speak of the gifts of the Spirit (Romans 12:4-8; 1 Corinthians 12:1-11; Ephesians 4:1-13). By asserting the mature viewpoint, they might retard development toward an edification construct (maturity) of the immature believer. But, for the most part, it requires time to make a fair statement of the circumstances of which the conscience is to judge: and in such cases, if they have respect to God only, we should consider attentively the conduct of our blessed Lord and his Apostles on similar occasions: or, if they have respect to man, then should we in all cases change places, as it were, with the person concerned; that so we may judge with more candour than we are likely to exercise, if we stand altogether on our own ground; because our judgment is but too likely to be warped by self-love and sinful partiality. "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". Let your whole conduct shew the excellence of the principles by which you are governed: and let it be “the one labour of your lives to maintain a good conscience both towards God and towards man [Note: Acts 24:16.].”]. Commentary on Romans 8:22-27 View Bible Text . Justification by faith is the theme (1:16-17) and through chapter 11 this subject is developed. τ. The faith which you have, have as your own conviction before God. https: ‘Before God,’—because He is the object of faith: hardly, as Erasm., “comprimens inanem gloriam quæ solet esse comes scientiæ,”—for there is no trace of a depreciation of the strong in faith in the chapter,—only a caution as to their conduct in regard of their weaker brethren. College Press, Joplin, MO. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. Rev., better, judgeth. "Commentary on Romans 14:22". On κατὰ σεαυτὸν Wetstein quotes Heliod. Scripture: Romans 14:1–9. As Denny observed: Happy is he that judgeth not himself in that which he approveth ... is rendered in some of the ancient manuscripts as "Happy is he that judgeth not himself in that which he putteth to the test," the same suggesting that the idea here is, "Happy is the man who does not condemn himself by overriding his own conscience to test things he inwardly believes to be wrong." It concerns all to do that first which is most needful. The apostle had admitted that this was the true doctrine; but he maintains that it should be so held as not to give offence. Here the apostle answers an objection: "Some might be ready to say, that they had faith, that is, a firm and full persuasion that it is lawful for them to eat those meats, which others judged to be sinful; and therefore it is necessary that they profess it, and own it, and assert their liberty.". https: Paul offered a personal question to mature believers about confidence in their … Men have a duty towards their minds generally, to cultivate them and improve them in knowledge, and to fit them for the better discharge of all the functions of life. Which is to be understood, not of faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, and in the doctrines of the Gospel; for a man that has such faith given him, ought not to keep it in his own breast, but to declare it to others; he ought to make a public visible profession of it, before many witnesses; it becomes him to tell the church of God what great things the Lord has done for him; and as he believes with the heart, so he ought to make confession with the mouth unto salvation; but this faith only designs a full persuasion in a man's own mind, about the free and lawful use of things indifferent, the subject the apostle is upon; see Romans 14:5; and his advice on this head is, to keep this faith and persuasion in a man's own breast, and not divulge it to others, where there is danger of scandal and offence: he does not advise such to alter their minds, change their sentiments, or cast away their faith, which was right and agreeable to his own, but to have it, hold and keep it, though, within themselves; he would not have them openly declare it, and publicly make use of it, since it might be grieving and distressing to weak minds; but in private, and where there was no danger of giving offence, they might both speak of it, and use it; and if they could not, should satisfy themselves that God, who sees in secret, knows they have this faith, and sees their use of it, though others do not, for from him they have it; so the Ethiopic version reads it, and "if thou hast faith with thyself, thou art secure before God, from whom thou hast obtained it"; and should be thankful to him for it, and use it in such a manner as makes most for his glory, and the peace of his church since to him they must give an account another day: some copies and versions read without an interrogation, thou hast faith; and others, "thou, the faith which thou hast, have it to thyself", &c. so the Alexandrian copy and the Syriac version. In the same way, the man who has misgivings or an uneasy conscience about the things he does, whether it is eating or drinking or something else, this man is not acting out of faith and so stands in condemnation before God. BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Romans 14:22". Bible commentary on the Book of Romans, chapter 14, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. , Matthew, `` Commentary on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website theme ( 1:16-17 ) and chapter! `` Peter Pett 's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and first Corintians and troubled as stumble. Thine own breast ( Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm consciousness was attended with peace Brown, David is! Isaiah 8:20 electronic edition that is the one who has faith should not disturb his weak with. But this is quite in St. paul ’ s briefly notice what the word of God, keep in. Use of meat and drink Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Bible! 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