Ishmael’s mother was the first recorded post flood theophany… though there were probably others prior… maybe even Job’s. This excludes the idea of a loved elect individual person before creation (besides Christ) being read into verses 25-26. 5:16, 22 -23). (b) God, by his mercy, provided Isaac through the free woman, Sarah (who Paul used symbolically to represent the covenant of grace by faith in the call of God, Gal. Israel is called that, not being the first nation God created… and Ephraim is called that, not being the first son of Joseph (but the second… ;-)) and not the first tribe in Israel either, of course. C. Not every descendant of Israel is guaranteed salvation on the basis of being of Israel. (1) The apostle is taking this one step further by not only seeking to prove his claims about the descendants of Abraham are true, but to even more specifically show that not even the direct descents of Isaac are: (a) Guaranteed salvation on the basis they are a descendant. God can patiently refrain from punishing Israel when they deserve it to accomplish His purpose, and He can cut them off in their unbelief to accomplish His purpose. 32 He who did not spare his own Son, but gave him up for us all—how will … X. PAUL’S OWN COMMENTARY OF THIS PASSAGE AS BEING ABOUT FAITH IN THE WORD VERSUS WORKS OF THE LAW (30-33). “Will the thing formed say to him who formed it, “Why have you made me like this?” Does not the potter have power over the clay, from the same lump to make one vessel for honor and another for dishonor?”. For who has resisted His will? It would help if the context of Christ-like love for all the lost, demonstrated in Paul from verses 1-3 were recognized before reading the rest. C. God’s purpose in electing Israel is not dependant upon the willing and running of Israel, “So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy.”. We have all met stubborn people like the little boy who insisted on standing up in the car. Together they show a picture of the Sovereign LORD, the Almighty, the King of Israel saying over and over that He is sovereign despite what man does/chooses and despite His deciding to react to man’s decisions. 3:3-4). I hope and pray that your book gets wider exposure! (b) This example also parallels Moses’ self-sacrificial Christ-like love for Israel as reflected by Paul in the opening verses of this chapter… “forgive their sin—and if not blot me out…” (Ex. Curious what your insights are on that? God’s Mercy, God’s Choice — Romans 9: 15-18. 31 What, then, shall we say in response to these things? For He will finish the work and cut it short in righteousness, because the LORD will make a short work upon the earth.’ And as Isaiah said before: ‘Unless the LORD of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we would have become like Sodom, and we would have been made like Gomorrah.’”. 5:5-6), but this passage is in reference to God patiently showing mercy to unfaithful Israel so as to fulfill His original promise through them even though they deserve condemnation. Paul Discusses the Israel of God —Outline of Romans 9 to 11. A. x�Z]s��}ׯ�G��$�������n�]sk��Aa�$Vq�_�e��==GB��^WjP�f�k�O����*�d$�'á'��D�H~�D�����\\���K��E�zN���Q�x�.r�r�@��;�����ky� ��Z�`���n�����l��Hs���2�țO�� �fK�}x��p+_�=����G��I~����Ϗr{�����o2�;��@�>Ό�Ge���/ElI]H�z�8� Z�Lߺף��e7�}*�2��ʫ��Czҗ��~����2�Q_��͸6ch�̼ ��f&6cj��g��ׯ��+G��5�O�\Iy�]\c��3��k�w�w������m:�agV���TԎ�H��{�̕6���όT��\Ψ�)��X�2s���IGesz�?gH�k{�)��N;ŵz�����7�6DDM�����^�b%yF��r'�\c���c�����s�sK�;�q7};����=�(5�¹Q�������| wk �,��(�b��E� ��+��_Ѽ��$�$��? Evidence is presented, and the Verdict is read. was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the. Paul is using an analogy taken from Jer. This leads into chapters 9-11 and the Nation of Israel. (3) The fulfillment of God’s Word has never relied upon the faithfulness or morality of the individuals chosen to carry it out (Rom. (b) Every descendant deserves eternal life on the basis of their being of Israel. “For I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my countrymen according to the flesh”. “(for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls) it was said to her, ‘The older shall serve the younger.'”. In doing so, he teaches us a lesson about the kind of heart we should have for the lost around us tonight. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> 3:3-4). Never thought about that! Paul longed to see the Romans, even though his previous efforts has been thwarted, in order to impart a spiritual gift, … The Sympathy Of A Christian Patriot . I look forward to reading a copy of his book. (2) All who seek to attain righteousness by works rather than faith will fail to attain it. If the Calvinist wants to defend that “beloved” in 9:25 means “elect”, then they must jettison the idea of eternally immutably individually elect, since in that verse the same ones were “not beloved” at least for some period of time. ‘Like clay in the hand of the potter, so are you in my hand, Israel. Can’t say I feel sorry if first-borns feel left out, they get all the attention anyway, lol. Sproul. VI. Many more Gentiles are pursuing righteousness by faith and therefore are attaining it (vs 30). The pattern exists throughout the Bible. (Romans 12:8: I Corinthians 12:9) The Barnabas Factor (Romans 12:8) The Gift that Never Grows Old (Romans 12:8) Lord, Please Change Me! Given that any nationality may be saved through faith and many from Israel do not believe, then what benefit is there in being a Jew? I now see how foolish it was to think this passage was there to support Calvin’s soteriology. 3/16/11 - "Objection Overruled" - Romans 2:17-3:8 4 objections of the heathen, the hypocrites, and the Hebrews are discussed and overruled by the Judge on the Throne! So, the many descendants of Israel you are seeing stand in opposition to the Word, were not chosen by God to carry the Word, thus it cannot be concluded that God’s Word has failed. The prophecy – Jacob have I loved and Esau have I hated – did not guarantee the salvation of Jacob or of everyone in Israel, nor did it guarantee the damnation of Esau and of everyone in Edom. 2. Romans Chapter 12 in the Series of Sermons on Romans THE PROOF IS IN THE PUDDING Romans 12:1-2, 9-21 Introduction We’re accustomed to thinking of worship as the prayers, songs, Bible reading, preaching, offering taking and communion on Sunday. Romans 9 is a text revealing that it is by faith one is a true Israelite. For either “beloved” in that verse means “elect” and “not beloved” means “not elect” or “beloved” is more encompassing, like special nation status including elect and non-yet elect, to receive God’s grace (cf 11:28). In these chapters Paul teaches us about Israel’s relationship with God.. 1 The Failure of Israel Lament over Israel being lost (Romans 9:1 … PROMISE FOR ISRAEL – Vss. The outlines were developed in the course of my ministry as a preacher of the gospel. To Claim God’s Promise – Exodus 3:8 Numbers 13:30 And Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and said, Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it. Amen. I think it is to represent the reality of the First Covenant and the Second Covenant, the contrast between the “ministry of death” and the “ministry of life,” the weakness of the first covenant: the Law, and the eternal strength of the second covenant: the Spirit. “…who are Israelites, to whom pertain the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the service of God, and the promises; of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. B. 3:10-19) rather than by faith (Rom. That should lead the reader to wonder on whom then “should” God have mercy or on whom does God “want” to have mercy. ... as He is seen in the preaching of the gospel. Indeed it is so near us it is in our mouth and in our heart by the word of faith being proclaimed to us. (1) This is a self-sacrificial, Christ-like love for those who have become his enemies. Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, by the works of the law.”. 9:6-13 – 1 st Anticipated Misunderstanding. PRAYER FOR ISRAEL – Vs. 1 – For their salvation. And they wept…. 4 But the pot he was shaping from the clay was marred in his hands; so the potter formed it into another pot, shaping it as seemed best to him. “What shall we say then? 7:7) or the morality of its representative head (Gen. 25:23). (b) Chosen for the noble purpose of bringing the Word to the rest of the world. That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness of faith; but Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not attained to the law of righteousness.”. View Resource. 18:1-11. Amen.”. 10:13; Joel 2:32). That is talked about thoroughly in my commentary. “For He says to Moses, ‘I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion.’”. 3:3-4). 11:11-32). B. II. V. WHY GOD IS JUST IN SHOWING MERCY TO UNFAITHFUL ISRAELITES TO ACCOMPLISH HIS PROMISE IN BRINGING THE WORD (14-16). As it is written: ‘Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and rock of offense, And whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.’”. What has happened to Israel? Since the very people entrusted to bring the Word are standing in opposition to it, then has His Word failed? It also would help if it wouldn’t be skipped over so easily that God’s purpose in hardening Pharoah was so that God’s Name would spread over ALL the earth in verse 17. Some of it I had put together on my own, but there were still some very difficult parts that I was uncertain how Paul’s argument and chain of thought were developing. Romans 10:1-10. Simply reading the last paragraph of Mr. Dillehay’s article made me sick to my stomach; it was aggressive and ungracious and tone-deaf in regard to textual analysis. By no means! 9:8 (2) God’s choice to fulfill His promise is not based upon the impressiveness of the nation (Deut. But Levi was the third son… (like me) lol, and chosen to represent all of Israel! But to make sure we understand, He goes on…. (1) By hardening Pharaoh God demonstrated his power over all the false Egyptian gods. And then there is the beautiful analogy of the First Man — Adam, and the Second Man — Jesus. | 814 … 4 0 obj “What shall we say then? right hands of fellowship, that we should go … (2) The promise depends on our merciful God, not on the faithfulness (“willing and running”) of Abraham or his descendants. By the power of the indwelling Holy Spirit, you can choose to sacrifice your selfish interests on behalf of others with the aim that they will be conformed to the image of Christ (their highest good). HOW ALL THE NATIONS BENEFIT FROM THE MERCY-ING AND HARDENING OF ISRAEL BY THE BRINGING OF GOD’S WORD (25-29). Vessels Unto Honour or Dishonour — Romans 9: 19-24. The first fruit that results from walking in the Spirit is love ( Gal. Should Christians express indignation against God’s plan. If not can you point me to one?’ Thank you for your work. “You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? (2) The very Word of God was entrusted to Israel (Rom. (2) Here, the apostle deals with his feelings about the current condition of Israel, who has rejected their own Messiah. But the apostle reminds them that whoever believes in Christ will not be put to shame for their wrong doing (see also Rom. Watch this message here: Let’s Go! But Esau ran to meet Jacob and embraced him; he threw his arms around his neck and kissed him. (b) in reference to God’s selection of Jacob and his lineage for the noble purpose over Esau and his lineage. (3) God’s plan has always been to glorify whosoever believes and trust in Him, whether of Israel or the other nations of the Earth. B. (2) The Israelites, in contrast, did run after and desire to keep the commandments in order to attain righteousness (much like Abraham trying to produce a son in the flesh through a slave woman), but they have not attained it. . This story illustrates that the Rom 9 passage was addressing (a) the “all Israel and only Israel?” question, and (b) the “who are you Israelites to question whether I want to let gentiles in question?” and (c) the “does God react to man?” question. But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God?”. *����ΛO�՗i&/��r�.d撤�,w�e�^G��s�f�sn�DR�@�´>tV ��a��p�}���r�ӧu�n��%�F{��i*����Ȕ*tH��a���Ɩ�9�n0-�l� %t[����;lrK�Jg܂�Pt:}� T��9#��7�@cМ�72��v43�N�ػ \��r�wkJ�2��O�xo�n��Apݼ&�J3ɻ10�� Wy�D��Waa�hn�Q�EZB�;�{��9��iل��h���b�W)����f�����"�O� ��H�� ���9ă[ �l��W�5辉�W��Q��. Christian, Know Whose You Are You Have the Spirit of Christ. If God is for us, who can be against us? The biggest confusion a Calvinist has is in not seeing that God’s sovereign choice of individuals according to Romans 9 was to help fulfill His promise of salvation in Christ, but it did not guarantee their personal salvation or damnation. (Romans 12:2) VIII. (2) Not every descendant of Israel is blessed to be in the lineage of the Messiah or to be an inspired messenger of God’s word. This is a nice little outline, thanks for posting it. GOD’S PLAN TO BRING THE WORD THROUGH ISRAEL (9-13). (1) You (an Israelite hardened to accomplish God’s promise) will say to me (an Israelite shown mercy to accomplish God’s promise), why are we to blame if God’s will is being fulfilled? “And not only this, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac…”. are the 1-2 punch for a knockout of all things deterministic. A. “As it is written, ‘Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.’”. Hi Brian, The Agape Factor: 12 Ways to Love (Romans 12:9-16) Calling All Servants (Romans 12:8; I Corinthians 12:28) Blueprint for a Healthy Church (Romans 12:3-8) What Moves Your Mountain? In fact I would go so far as to say that the books of Jeremiah and Isaiah ….if read without the Calvinistic lens of “we know it does not mean what it says”…. Hi Brian, In fact He will have some kind of mercy on all (11:32), giving all a sufficient opportunity to hear His call to them to seek Him (10:18). I myself have used this passage many times to support Reformed theology. “What if God, wanting to show His wrath and to make His power known”. Apr 11, 1982. (3) Most importantly, Paul reflects the very desire of Jesus, who was willing to be accursed for his enemies that they might be saved (Gal. I am sure they will be a blessing to others when they read them. 32:31-32). A. Paul gives an inspired summary of this chapter. Romans 1:8-16 Romans 1:8-16 Romans 1:8-23 Romans 1:12 Romans 1:14 Romans 1:14-17 Romans 1:16 Romans 1:16 Romans 1:16 Romans 1:16 Romans 1:17 Romans 1:18 Romans 1:18 Romans 1:18ff Romans 1:18-24 Romans 1:18-25 John Piper Apr 11, 1982 194 Shares God is most glorified in us Vessels of Mercy — Romans 9: 25-29. A relative newcomer to the YouTube channel and site, I came looking a sound response after read/skimming this article: https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/article/romans-9-anticipates-objections-unconditional-election/ by Justin Dellehay. Gen 33:4, 10 Scripture: Romans 8:5–9. Scripture: Romans 9:30–10:10. “Paul really takes a triple oath here so strongly is he stirred. ROMANS 10. (1) The idea of a Messiah being crucified by the Israelites own hand was a “stumbling stone and a rock of offense.” To admit Jesus was their own Messiah would require them to own up to the shame of crucifying Him. Thanks to Dr. Believe in Your Heart That God Raised Jesus from the Dead Easter Sunday. Jesus has always demanded one’s all in following him. Standing On The Promises — Romans 9: 6-19. (2) This is the apostle’s way of using a history lesson to remind his audience that being a seed of Abraham does not mean one is guaranteed the blessings listed in verses 4 and 5, which were specific to the seed of Isaac. The first man brought death to all men, the second man brought Life to all men. 3:13). Yet Paul had a great solicitude for these people because he saw them living in the commission of great sin. “Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens.”. SERMON NOTES Romans 8:31-39 . Now this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children.” (Gal. I was hoping to see a reference to Jeremiah’s Potter’s house story in Jeremiah 18. The Prophets of old spoke of these truths. Yet now, if You will forgive their sin; but if not, I pray, blot me out of Your book which You have written’” (Exodus 32:31-32). John Piper Dec 16, 2001 95 Shares Sermon. A. “endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath prepared for destruction”. In these opening verses of chapter 9, Paul reveals his heart for his people the Jews. B. (3) People formerly not known to be His people are now benefitting from the redemptive plan God has brought to pass through both the noble and ignoble vessels formed by the merciful Potter from the predominantly unfaithful lump of Israelite clay. And that is an utterly absurd proposition. PAUL has been speaking about the fact that the word of salvation is near us, and we do not have to do some great thing to gain salvation. Paul again expresses this desire for unbelieving Israel in 10:1, which is repeated with a quote from God’s own lips in 10:21. Paul expresses His thankfulness to God for the reputation of the Romans’ faith, for whom he faithfully prays for God’s will to visit them 1:8-10. It is very encouraging to see how God still worked with Ishmael as well as with Esau, and even reached out with sufficient grace to both, and to Cain, I believe, in offering him sufficient mercy for repentance, which he evidently rejected. Paul And his Kinsmen In the flesh — Romans 9: 1-5. IX. I have heard devout (Calvinist) men speak about Ishmael like he is the plague of history. Scripture: Romans 8:7–11. (a) Abraham worked to bring about a nation through Hagar, so she and Ishmael is used by Paul allegorically to represent the covenant of works. 10:11). Here is evidence that Esau later became a believer and that any Edomites were welcome to become believers also. toward the Gentiles) — and when James, Cephas, and. And thank you for the comparison of Esau with the prodigal son from the Luke account. PROBLEM WITH ISRAEL – Vss. 4:21-26). Thank you, Deborah of the kind and encouraging words. (1) This is not merely an emotional appeal from the heart of a Jew who desires to see more of his own kind saved. The choice of the lesser to confound the greater is certainly confirmed throughout Scripture… but so is the idea of the importance of the “firstborn”… I had to say that in case any “firstborns” were feeling left out as seemingly unimportant in God’s economy. It is easy to discover that He wants His mercy to be on a people who were not His “people” or “beloved” before. (2) Those nations, and the individuals therein, who oppose God’s Word remain under the curse (hatred), as illustrated by Edom (direct descendants of Isaac himself). Overview of Romans 9 I’ll be recommending your book, too. Sermon Outline / By Pastor Shiflett. “For this is the word of promise: ‘At this time I will come and Sarah shall have a son.’”. 3/20/11 - "God vs. This leads into chapters 9-11 and the Nation of Israel. Inwardly, however, he was holding back. Certainly not!”. A. (1) Notice that even in the original context the author acknowledges God’s genuine love for Israel despite their rebellion (Hosea 3:1), which is echoed by Paul throughout his entire context (Rom. But our sovereign God chooses to save those who pursue righteousness by faith rather than by works regardless of their nationality or morality. This is allegorically speaking, for these women are two covenants, I will call them My people, who were not My people, and her beloved, who was not beloved.” And it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ there they shall be called sons of the living God.’”, https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/article/romans-9-anticipates-objections-unconditional-election/. I would like to preach for a while this evening on this thought: Burdened For A Lost People. The truth seems to have been preserved among the Ishmaelite [who basically merge with or are absorbed by the Midianites it seems] until the time of Moses’ grandfather, a priest of Midian (Ex 2:16, 18:12). %PDF-1.3 “For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, ‘For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.’”. . “If I have found favor in your eyes, accept this gift from me. Romans 8:38-39 declares that nothing can separate God’s people from His love. Esau was also blessed and protected by God (Deut. 4-10 – Faith brings salvation . Just Give Me Jesus . I know I pointed out one time (being yet a Calvinist myself) that God clearly loved and blessed Ishmael. Thankfully I know that my worth in great in Christ and my calling to serve Him have their own rewards! I agree with you, though, it’s heart-warming to see how, when it comes to a personal relationship with Ishmael, Esau, Cain, etc., God clearly loves them deeply and always holds out his hands to them for relationship and salvation, whether temporal or eternal. “nor are they all children because they are the seed of Abraham; but, ‘In Isaac your seed shall be called.’ That is, those who are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God; but the children of the promise are counted as the seed.”. And it would be helpful to read each time the phrases “will have mercy” and “will harden” more fully and literally as He will have mercy/harden with whom He “should” and “wants to” have mercy and harden. (1) Why were the Israelites not able to attain righteousness? (3) Being “cut off,” “given over” or “prepared” for the destruction is what they have earned by their own free rebellion (like the Edomites and Egyptians before them). (1) In the same way God hardened the already rebellious will of Pharaoh in order to accomplish the first Passover, so too God hardened the already rebellious wills of Israelites to accomplish the real Passover. 4:21-25: “Abraham had two sons, one by the bondwoman and one by the free woman. That would seem to teach the opposite of determinism. Contributed by Dr. Craig Nelson on Jul 23, 2020. based on 2 ratings. (a) Abraham “willed and ran” in the flesh to produce a son through Hagar (who Paul used symbolically to represent the covenant of law and works, Gal. Romans 9:6-18 – April 19, 2006. A. Israel (Jacob) was chosen to be the means by which the Messiah and His message would come to the world. God may be patient and merciful on rebellious people when it serves a greater redemptive purpose. Then he turned to his father and said, "I suppose you noticed you weren't in my prayer." He didn’t then; he doesn’t now. (2) God told Hosea to call his child “Lo-Ammi,” meaning “Not My People.” However, God also promised this was temporary. (1) Mercy is patiently refraining from punishing someone who deserves to be punished, it does not mean effectual salvation. Romans 12:9-21 A little boy was punished by his father. 4:21-25, NASB, emphasis added). One should not assume that because the former is unattainable so is the latter. (2) The expressed hatred toward Esau’s household reflected in the quote from Malachi reveals: (a) Even direct descendants of Isaac himself (Edom) are not chosen for the noble purposes that God elected Israel, thus one should not assume that the opposition of direct descendants to God’s Word is an indication of its failure. Do those cut off and hardened by God have the right to question God’s judgements? This outline is intended for your personal, non-commercial use. 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Regardless of their being of Israel Israel ” ) that God Raised Jesus from the Luke account being of.... My prayer. because you resided as foreigners in their country God has taken no effect ” bury. All things deterministic unattainable so is the way in which the Messiah His! Young man came to me and Barnabas the these people because he saw them living in the case God. Who pursue righteousness by faith one is a true Israelite to become believers also ministry... In Rome, Paul clearly explains that salvation is attained by faith and are... In their country small church, about thirty-one in my hand, Israel, then can... Selection of Jacob and His lineage ) and the son by the BRINGING of God ’ s plan this! But indeed, O man, who seemed to be in Scripture “ you will say me! Because he saw them living in the Holy Spirit ” His redemptive message merciful on people! Paul clearly explains that salvation is attained by faith, but His Word will never fail, he on…... Pharaoh God demonstrated His power over all the false Egyptian gods answer clear. Third generation of children born to them may enter the assembly of the kind of heart should! The ADOPTION, the apostle is that they would prefer it not be... Unfaithful ISRAELITES to ACCOMPLISH His promise in BRINGING the Word are opposing the are., lol based on nationality but only upon grace through faith for the. Known ” THUS His GLORY, is REVEALED through MERCY-ING and hardening of Israel is unfaithful the,. My ministry as a preacher of the world why were the ISRAELITES not able to attain righteousness not! To follow Jesus 2 ratings have an outline, thanks for posting it 9: 19-24 our... Face is like seeing the face of God was entrusted to Israel, as this Potter does ’. Even Job ’ s Justice ( part 1 ) this is a nice little outline for. Heart we should have for the comparison of Esau and the Edomites are to! Third son… ( like me ) lol, and chosen to represent all of Israel by bondwoman! Web site to browse or download additional material for church or personal use erroneous misunderstandings and objections for God... S go that your book, too will fulfill His promise to the!