at a biologically sustainable level. The U.N. has discussed issues concerning the ocean with world leaders since 2008 in the annual meeting of the World Ocean Council, but involvement from the private sector has been limited. Source: Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2017/66, Source: Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2016/75, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, UN Conferences and High-Level Events related to sustainable development, Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs, Second Committee of the UN General Assembly ⭧, Goal 14 infographic, source: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/report/2020/, Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2018. However, those resources are extremely vulnerable to environmental degradation, overfishing, climate change and pollution. United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14 ‘life below water’, is directed to the sustainable use and conservation of the oceans and marine resources. Overfishing reduces food production, impairs the functioning of ecosystems and reduces biodiversity. It has ten targets relating to marine pollution, protecting marine and … The Inter-agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators (IAEG-SDG) has selected as the indicator for target 14.6 the dollar value of negative fishery subsidies against 2015 baseline.At the time of writing, the 2015 baseline data are not available. The official wording is to "Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development". frameworks. Sustainable Development Goal 14 (Goal 14 or SDG 14) is about "Life below water" and is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015. A framework of international instruments has been Pollution of both land and seas is a threat in many coastal regions. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. <br> Progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. Analyses reveal that the fraction of world marine fish stocks that are within biologically sustainable levels declined from 90 per cent in 1974 to 66.9 per cent in 2015. The contribution of sustainable marine capture fisheries remained stable at the global level, with regional variation, representing the largest contribution to the GDP in Pacific small island developing States and least developed countries, averaging 1.55 and 1.15 per cent, respectively, in 2011 to 2017. Sustainable Development Goal 14 Conserve and sustainably use the ocean, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. When effectively managed and well resourced, marine protected areas are important mechanisms for safeguarding ocean life. Sustainable Development Goals. They also help regulate the global ecosystem by absorbing heat and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and protecting coastal areas from flooding and erosion. Wat doet Nederland ermee? In many coastal communities, pollution and eutrophication, which is the presence of excessive nutrients in water, frequently owing to runoff from the land, causing dense plant growth and the death of animal life, are driving detrimental changes. To achieve sustainable development of fisheries, fish stocks must be maintained Source: Report of the Secretary-General, The Sustainable Development Goals Report By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution, Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density, By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans, Proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches, Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels, Average marine acidity (pH) measured at agreed suite of representative sampling stations, By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics, Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels, By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information, Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas, By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation, Progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism, Sustainable fisheries as a percentage of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries, Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries, Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology, Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets, Progress by countries in the degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries, Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want, Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources, was reviewed in-depth at the High-level Political Forum of, Learn about the latest activities of Peter Thomson, Special Envoy for the Ocean, The Sustainable Development Goals Report This is more than double the 2010 coverage level. declined from 90 per cent in 1974 to 69 per cent in 2013. 2018, Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable national jurisdiction (0–200 nautical miles from a national border) were covered Advancing the sustainable use and conservation of the oceans continues to require To In response, about 70 per cent of the respondents to a survey representing 92 countries and the European Union have introduced or developed regulations, policies, laws, plans or strategies specifically targeting small-scale fisheries. Advancing the sustainable use and conservation of the oceans continues to require effective strategies and management to combat the adverse effects of overfishing, growing ocean acidification and worsening coastal eutrophication. Hoe zijn de Duurzame Ontwikkelingsdoelen opgesteld? Moreover, marine life is being exposed to conditions outside previously experienced natural variability. Studies of marine acidity at open ocean and coastal sites around the world have indicated that current levels are often outside preindustrial bounds. Locations of our Key Initiatives Linked to this Sustainable Development Goal. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development 18. E/2016/75 - Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals; Oceans, along with coastal and marine resources, play an essential role in human well-being and social and economic development worldwide. De Duurzame Ontwikkelingsdoelstellingen (SDGs - Sustainable Development Goals) zijn in 2015 door de Verenigde Naties vastgesteld als de nieuwe mondiale duurzame ontwikkelingsagenda voor 2030. The increasingly adverse impacts of climate change (including ocean acidification), overfishing and marine pollution are jeopardizing recent gains in protecting portions of the world’s oceans. Oceans provide livelihoods and tourism benefits, as well as subsistence and income. EU actions. The sustainable use and preservation of marine and coastal ecosystems and their biological diversity is essential to achieving the 2030 Agenda, in particular for small island developing States. countries have taken measures to combat such fishing and have adopted an The global share of marine fish stocks that are within biologically sustainable levels The expansion of protected areas for marine biodiversity and existing policies and treaties that encourage responsible use of ocean resources are still insufficient to combat the adverse effects of overfishing, growing ocean acidification due to climate change and worsening coastal eutrophication. Goal 14. Studies of marine acidity at open ocean and coastal sites around the world have indicated that current levels are often outside preindustrial bounds. Fisheries contribute significantly to global food security, livelihoods and the economy. waters under national jurisdiction—that is, 0 to 200 nautical miles from shore—were Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. Category: Sustainable Development Goal 14 Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development Fortunately, the downward trend has slowed and appears to have stabilized since 2008. The expansion of protected areas for marine biodiversity and existing policies The Goal SDG 14 aims to conserve and sustainably use the world’s oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development. <br> Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels. Goal 14. to sustainable fisheries, the livelihoods of those who depend upon them and Much of the coverage is concentrated in Oceania and Latin America and the Caribbean. Fortunately, the downward trend has slowed and appears to have stabilized since 2008. This indicator will measure progress towards SDG Target 14.6. Goal 14: Life Below Water. Oceans, along with coastal and marine resources, play an essential role in human well-being and social and economic development worldwide. average increase of acidity of 26 per cent since pre-industrial times, and at this To promote small-scale fishers’ access to productive resources, services and markets, most countries have developed targeted regulatory and institutional frameworks. This is more than double the 2010 coverage level. Biodiverse marine sites require safeguarding to ensure sustainable long-term use of their precious natural resources. with serious consequences for marine life. SDG 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development The role of business Oceans face the threats of marine and nutrient pollution, resource depletion and climate change, all of which are caused primarily by human actions. The SDGs were set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all". They are particularly crucial for people living in coastal communities, who represented 37 per cent of the global population in 2010. 14.1 By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution 14.2 By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in … The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. <br> Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. agreement to combat such fishing, entered into force in June 2016. However, the trend has slowed and appears to have stabilized from 2008 to 2013. Targets and Indicators SDG 14 has seven targets, or subgoals that track progress towards Sustainable Development Goals The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are the world's best plan to build a better world for people and our planet by 2030. They address the global challenges we face, ... Goal 14… From 2000 to 2016, the share of marine sites around the world that are designated as key biodiversity areas and are completely covered by protected areas increased from 15 per cent to 19 per cent. Goal 14 Targets 14.1 By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution Target 14.6 by 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, and eliminate subsidies that contribute to IUU fishing, and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the WTO fisheries subsidies negotiation increasing number of fisheries management instruments in the past decade. 2018. Source: Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2017/66. Ocean acidification is closely linked to shifts in the carbonate chemistry of the waters, which can lead to a significant weakening of the shells and skeletons of many marine species (such as reef-building corals and shelled molluscs). For example, the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, the first international binding agreement to combat such fishing, entered into force in June 2016. 14. In fact, coastal and marine resources contribute an estimated $28 trillion to the global economy each year through ecosystem services. of parties to the Agreement has rapidly increased and stood at 58 as of February We promote environmental sustainability as a crucial enabling factor in implementing … As at February 2020, the number of parties to the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing –  the first binding international agreement that specifically targets illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing – increased to 66 (including the European Union) from 58 in the previous year, and nearly 70 per cent of countries reported scoring high on the implementation thereof. By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution; By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation The five large marine ecosystems most at risk from coastal eutrophication, according to a global comparative assessment undertaken in 2016 as part of the Transboundary Water Assessment Programme, are the Bay of Bengal, the East China Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, the North Brazil Shelf and the South China Sea. Ocean acidification is caused by the uptake of atmospheric CO2 by the ocean, Ze worden gepromoot als de wereldwijde doelstellingen voor duurzame ontwikkeling.De SDGs zijn van 2016 tot 2030 van kracht, en vervangen de … Goal 14. [1] The SDGs were set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030. Wat zijn de Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)? To achieve sustainable development of fisheries, fish stocks must be maintained at a biologically sustainable level. Ocean acidification is caused by the uptake of atmospheric CO2 by the ocean, which changes the chemical composition of the seawater. rate, an increase of 100 to 150 per cent is predicted by the end of the century, This Agenda calls for action by all countries to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development by 2030 world-wide – and the SDGs are seen as an opportunity to transform the world for the better and leave … Goal 14 will commit world leaders to "conserve and sustainably use oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development." Analyses reveal that the fraction of world Target 14.2: By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans. 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