When the Soviet Union broke apart, the Ukrainian SSR became Ukraine. The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic or in short, the Ukrainian SSR or Soviet Ukraine was in the southwestern part of the Soviet Union. In January 1918, the Ukrainian People’s Republic proclaimed independence. All of the political power and authority in the USSR was in the hands of Communist Party authorities, with little real power being concentrated in official government bodies an… The Second Soviet Republic: The Ukraine after World War II (New Brunswick, NJ 1964)Lewytzkyj, B. Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic [Українська Радянська Соціялістична Республіка; Ukrainska Radianska Sotsialistychna Respublika, or УРСР; URSR; Ukrainian SSR]. For most of its history, the USSR was a highly centralized state; the decentralization Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies. Ukraine SSR isn’t as popular in the fandom but could rise one day. Die Sowjetukraine, 1944–1963 (Köln–Berlin 1964)Potichnyj, P. (ed). The government institutions of the Ukrainian SSR were copies of the Russian institutions, and Ukrainian legislation merely echoed Russian laws. The republic was one of 15 constituent republics composing the Soviet Union from its entry into the union in 1922 till its dissolution in 1991. [7] It did not really have much power because it was tightly controlled by Moscow authorities. Politics and Society in Soviet Ukraine, 1953–1980 (Edmonton 1984)Istoriia gosudarstva i prava Ukrainskoi SSR, 3 vols (Kyiv 1987–)Marples, D. Ukraine under Perestroika (Edmonton 1991)Solchanyk, R. (ed). Until 1990 the leading force in the political system in the Ukrainian SSR was the Communist Party of Ukraine, which was merely a branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Of its 434 cities 2 were subordinated directly to the republican government, 142 to the oblast governments, and 290 to the raion authorities. By the end of the 1940s Ukraine’s Ministry of Defense had been abolished. After a local referendum in January 1991, the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR recognized the Crimea’s autonomy. Kiev is still the capital of Ukraine. In reality Moscow (the Party and government of Soviet Russia) controlled the Ukrainian SSR through the Communist Party of Ukraine, which, except briefly, from the Tahanrih Bolshevik Conference in April to its first congress in Moscow in July 1918, was a constituent part of the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik) (see Communist Party of the Soviet Union). This lasted from 1922 to 1991. (For the history of the Ukrainian SSR see History of Ukraine. Ukraine is bordered by Moldavian SSR, Byelorussian SSR, Russian SFSR, and Czechoslovakia. The Soviet Union was created by the treaty between soviet socialist republics of Belarus, Russian Federation, Transcaucasian Federation and Ukraine, which became union republics of the Soviet Union. Until 1940 it contained the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, which that year became a separate Union republic. The Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR, with its Presidium, became the highest governing body, and the Council of People's Commissars (from 1946, the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR) became the highest executive organ. The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Lying between 52°10ʹ and 40°23ʹ N latitude (893 km from north to south) and between 22°10ʹ and 40°15ʹ E longitude (1,316 km from west to east), the Ukrainian SSR had an area of 603,700 sq km. Until 1937 it was called the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic (; Ukrainska Sotsialistychna Radianska Respublika). The Communists were aware that resistance to their regime was deep and widespread. The total length of its borders was 6,466 km, of which 4,142 km were with other USSR republics, 1,271 km were with Eastern European countries, and the remaining 1,053 km were coast. Edit Ukrainian SSR (or Ukraine SSR) was a former country situated in Eastern Europe and is part of the Soviet Union. The organs of the state administration, the people's commissariats, were of three types: (1) merged, which existed at the USSR level and had representatives in the republican governments; (2) joint, which existed in parallel at both the USSR and the republican levels; and (3) independent, which existed only at the republican level. The borders of the Ukrainian SSR did not encompass the entire Ukrainian ethnic territory, which is one-quarter larger (750,200 sq km) than the national territory and contains 16 percent more people (60 million). Synonyms . All of the po­lit­i­cal power and au­thor­ity in the USSR was in the hands of Com­mu­nist Party au­thor­i­ties, with lit­tle real power being con­cen­trated in of­fi­cial gov­ern­ment bod­ies and or­gans. From the end of the 1960s the system of government was increasingly centralized: by 1978 there were 28 Union-republican ministries and 16 state committees, and only 6 republican ministries. Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic: (Ukrains’ka Radians’ka Sotsialistychna Respublika), the Ukraine (Ukraina) The Ukrainian SSR was established on Dec. 25,1917. The Ukrainian SSR gained the right to pass its own laws in the field as long as they were consistent with Union legislation and were called for by Union organs. The Ukrainian SSR bordered on the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov in the south, on Romania, the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, and Hungary in the southwest, on Czechoslovakia and Poland in the west, on the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic in the north, and on the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic in the northeast and east. This lasted from 1922 to 1991. ), BIBLIOGRAPHYFedenko, P. Ukraïna pislia smerty Stalina (Munich 1956)Zlenko, A. Derzhavnyi ustrii Ukraïns’koï RSR (Kyiv 1959)Sullivant, R. Soviet Politics and the Ukraine, 1917–1957 (New York 1962)Bilinsky, Y. Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic (1919–1936). The Ukrainian SSR was absorbed into the RSFSR by the merging of their commissariats on the basis of so-called defensive or economic alliance treaties between two or more Soviet republics (1 June 1919 and 28 December 1920). For administrative purposes the Ukrainian SSR was divided into 25 oblasts, 479 raions, and 8,878 rural councils (silrady). Political structure. Ukraine after Shelest (Edmonton 1983)Lewytzkyj, B. The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic or in short, the Ukrainian SSR or Soviet Ukraine was in the southwestern part of the Soviet Union. It was the third-largest USSR republic, after the RSFSR and the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. The situation did not change when the Ukrainian SSR joined the USSR on 30 December 1922 as an equal partner of the RSFSR, the Belorussian SSR and the Transcaucasian SFSR. With the formation of the USSR, it joined the USSR as a Union republic on Dec. 30,1922. Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; U.S.S.R.), former northern Eurasian empire (1917/22–1991) stretching from the Baltic and Black seas to the Pacific Ocean and, in its final years, consisting of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics. Most people chose this as the best definition of ukrainian-soviet-socialist-republic: A republic of the U.S.S.R... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. It had the second largest population of the fifteen republics of the Soviet Union. As of June 1986 there were 23 Union-republican ministries and 14 state committees, and 6 republican ministries and 1 republican state committee. ©2001 All Rights Reserved. That body elected the All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee, which governed the country between sessions of the congress and appointed the Council of People's Commissars as its executive organ. The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic's system of government was based on a one-party communist system ruled by the Communist Party of Ukraine, a part of the Communist Party of Soviet Union (KPSS). The Constitution of 1 February 1944 gave the Ukrainian SSR new powers in foreign relations and defense by establishing Union-republican commissariats (later ministries) in those areas. Soyúznye Respúbliki) were ethnically based administrative units of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Ukraine has access to the Black Sea. At the end of 1922 it became one of the constituent republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The population of the Ukrainian SSR, second only to that of the RSFSR, was 51.7 million according to the 1989 census; 34.6 million, or 67 percent of it, was urban. In 1917–27 the highest governing body of Soviet Ukraine was the All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets. As the rights of the Union republics were expanded after Joseph Stalin’s death, the Ukrainian SSR received in its revised constitution some new powers in administrative, judicial, and economic matters. Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic: | | | Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic | | | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Ukraine … T… When reading the text below, note one historic peculiarity of USSR of that time. The Ukrainian SSR did not establish its own embassies or armed forces, however. The Sickle, Bullfrog, Akula and Ukraine Artillery guns were made in this country. The Bolsheviks had proclaimed Ukraine a republic of workers’, soldiers’, and peasants’ soviets federated closely with Soviet Russia. During the revolutionary period the Bolsheviks set up, on 25 December 1917, the Central Executive Committee of the Soviets of Ukraine as the government of Soviet Ukraine and formed, on 17 December, the People's Secretariat (headed by Yukhym Medvediev and then Mykola Skrypnyk). In USSR no one spoke of Russia, to the extent that the existence of Russia as a republic was largely forgotten. A Cossack republic emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was eventually split between Poland and the Russian Empire, and finally merged fully into the Russian-dominated Soviet Union in the late 1940s as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. To pacify the Ukrainian people and to gain control, Moscow initially permitted a great deal of local autonomy to exist in the UkSSR. Ukraine: From Chernobyl’ to Sovereignty (Edmonton 1992)Kuzio, T. Ukraine: Perestroika to Independence, (Edmonton 1994; 2nd edn New York 2000), [This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. The Ukrainian SSR ceased to exist on 24 August 1991, when the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR proclaimed the independent state of Ukraine. The last Constitution of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1978), modeled on the USSR constitution (1977), reiterated the main articles of the latter and made only minor changes in the structure of government. In fact, Russia’s legislative acts were enforced automatically in Ukraine. Similar bodies were established locally on the city, village, volost, county, and gubernia level. There were 927 urban-type settlements in 1989 (see the table). A system of direct elections was introduced, and every citizen was given the vote. Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, Constitution of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee, Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Born in 1978 in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, a member state of the former Soviet Union, she came to the United States in 2000 and became a citizen in 2006, according to the Indianapolis Star.Her personal past became part of her politics. It's two major cities, Kiev and Odessa are Soviet outposts. After the collapse of the Russian Empire, in November 1917, the autonomous Ukrainian People’s Republic was proclaimed, and in December 1917, the Ukrainian People’s Republic of Soviets was proclaimed in Kharkiv. In the revised (May 1925) Constitution of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and its new version (1929) the governing bodies remained similar to the previous ones: the All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets, the All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee (headed by Hryhorii Petrovsky), and the Council of People's Commissars (headed by Vlas Chubar and later by Panas Liubchenko). The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (also known as Soviet Ukraine or simply Ukraine) is a Soviet country and was the second largest republic in the Soviet Union. The first Bolshevik republic in Ukraine was declared on December 24–25, 1917 and was called either the "Republic of Soviets of Workers', Soldiers', and Peasants' Deputies" [5] or the "Ukrainian People's Republic [of Soviets]." Chornobyl raion (1923-1988) with … A communist state proclaimed by the First All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets in Kharkiv on 24–25 December 1917 and established through armed aggression against the Ukrainian National Republic by Soviet Russia and local Bolshevik forces in 1917–20 (see Ukrainian-Soviet War, 1917–21). However, in 1934, it was moved to the city of Kiev. Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. In the Union agreement, five merged commissariats were created: foreign affairs, defense, foreign trade, transportation, and postal and telegraph service. Until 1937 it was called the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic (; Ukrainska Sotsialistychna Radianska Respublika). Republic of Soviets of Ukraine, a predecessor 1917; Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic, official name 1919–1936; Ukrainian SSR, UkrSSR, UkSSR, from Russian See also International legal status of Ukraine. (ed). A referral to this page is found in 113 entries. The Ukrainian SSR … The Sickle, Bullfrog, Akula and Ukraine Artillery guns were made in this country. Less than three-quarters of the population was Ukrainian (72.7 percent), over one-fifth was Russian (22.1 percent), and other national minorities accounted for the remaining 5.2 percent (including 0.95 percent Jews, 0.86 percent Belarusians, 0.63 percent Moldavians, 0.45 percent Bulgarians, 0.43 percent Poles, 0.32 percent Hungarians, 0.26 percent Romanians, 0.19 percent Greeks, and 0.17 percent Crimean Tatars). Both formally and actually the Ukrainian SSR was a unitary state without autonomous parts. It's two major cities, Kiev and Odessa are Soviet outposts. Their members were selected through indirect elections, in which a worker’s vote was worth more than a peasant’s, and some citizens had no vote at all. USSR stands for Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic (also Uninterrupted Sustained Silent Reading and 45 more ) What is the abbreviation for Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic? The people's commissariats were classified into (1) all-Union, (2) Union-republican, and (3) republican, and the number of all-Union and Union-republican commissariats was increased. Later, other commissariats were also merged. On that basis a number of new Ukrainian SSR codes were worked out in the 1950s and 1960s. Until the end of 1991 the Ukrainian SSR was part of a broader federation of the USSR and its governing organs were subordinated to the governing organs of the USSR. This conflict known as the Ukrainian–Soviet War was part of the ongoing Russian Civil War and a struggle for national independence, which ended with the Ukrainian People's Republic being annexed into the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic (Ukrainian language: УСРР), western Ukraine being absorbed into the Second Polish Republic, and the newly stable Ukraine becoming a founding … In 1954 Crimea oblast was transferred from the RSFSR to the Ukrainian SSR. The pretense of a separate Ukrainian state was maintained briefly to counteract the appeal of the Ukrainian National Republic among the Ukrainian people. The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (also known as Soviet Ukraine or simply Ukraine) is a Soviet country and was the second largest republic in the Soviet Union. The Ukrainian SSR ceased to exist on 24 August 1991, when the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR proclaimed the independent state of Ukraine. Name. This page was last changed on 27 August 2019, at 13:48. The re­pub­lic was one of 15 con­stituent re­publics com­pos­ing the So­viet Union from its entry into the union in 1922 till its dis­so­lu­tion in 1991. Ukraine in the Seventies (Oakville, Ont 1975)Krawchenko, B. Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic is a country in Europe(Former Mitteleuropa) Created by CHSgrate. Coordinates: 50°27′N 30°30′E / 50.450°N 30.500°E / 50.450; 30.500, From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, • Declaration of the Ukrainian Soviet republic, Украинская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Українська Радянська Соціалістична Республіка, Украинская Социалистическая Советская Республика, Українська Соціалістична Радянська Республіка, Law of Ukraine "About languages of the Ukrainian SSR", Derzhavnyy himn Ukrayins'koyi Radyans'koyi, Ratification of agreement to dissolve the Soviet Union, Honest History: Where, why Ukrainians speak Russian language (and how Kremlin uses it to stoke conflict in Ukraine), "Activities of the Member States - Ukraine", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ukrainian_Soviet_Socialist_Republic&oldid=6647586, 1991 disestablishments in the Soviet Union, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the flag caption or type parameters, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, Independent Socialist Republic (1919–1922). While 14 republics were almost always denoted by their national name – e.g Ukrainian SSR (Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic) – there was one exception. The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Ukrainian: Українська Радянська Cоціалістична Pеспубліка, УPCP Ukrаїns'ka Radyans'ka Sotsialistychna … The Bolshevik state of Ukraine (1919–91), a constituent republic of the Soviet Union (1922–91). In s… The new constitutions of the USSR (1936) and the Ukrainian SSR (1937) centralized the government system even further. During its 72-year history, the republic's borders changed many times. The capital was … The Ukraine's sys­tem of gov­ern­ment was based on a one-party com­mu­nist sys­tem ruled by the Com­mu­nist Party of Ukraine, a part of the Com­mu­nist Party of So­viet Union (KPSS). The Ukrainian SSR was a founding member of the United Nations. Prewar history. Yet the Constitution of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic of 10 March 1919 did not mention any federative links, and established a nominally independent state. The Republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or the Union Republics (Russian: Сою́зные Респу́блики, tr. Contemporary data indicate that 72% of Ukrainians (30,518,210 out of 42,386,403) believe that life was better in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics than it is now. The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (abbreviated as UkSSR or occasionally just USSR) was a union republic of the Soviet Union from the short twentieth century.It was succeeded by the modern state of Ukraine.. The eastern city of Kharkiv was the republic's first capital. Structural changes in the ministries could be made thenceforth by legislative enactment. Ukraine is Typically shown in a Soviet uniform or in average clothing. U kraine was formally incorporated into the USSR as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (UkSSR) in 1922. It had the second largest population of the fifteen republics of the Soviet Union. In 1957, regional economic councils were introduced in addition to the republican economic councils to strengthen republican autonomy. 5 (1993).]. Media in category "Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic" The following 22 files are in this category, out of 22 total. As soon as Soviet rule was established firmly in Ukraine, the Ukrainian SSR was turned into a constituent part of the federated state of the USSR. Ukrainian and Belarusian lands were divided between Poland and the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic in 1921 by the Peace Treaty of Riga, which concluded the Polish-Soviet War. The capital of the Ukrainian SSR was Kharkiv, and from 1934, Kyiv. Really have much power because it was called the Ukrainian SSR was a founding member of the fifteen Republics the... It contained the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic Republic of the 1940s Ministry. 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