The whip kick in the breaststroke utilizes a lot of individual leg muscles especially in the thigh and ankle. Am J Sports Med 1980; 8:164-171. Once you have mastered this kick, you can start to practice the breaststroke arm movements. Dolphin kick was much slower than flutter kick for swimming freestyle or backstroke, and there was no such thing as butterfly yet. The harmonic movements of the dolphin kick and flutter kick are in contrast to the breaststroke whip kick, which really deserves the name kick. It’s known as the frog kick or the whip kick and has two stages mainly the positioning stage and the insweep stage. However, over-focus on technique and timing can cause swimmers to ‘go through the motions’ and miss power in their kick or pull. The breaststroke arm action begins with your body in a horizontal position and your arms extended out in front of your head with your hands close together and your palms facing outwards at an angle of approximately 40°. Swimmers need a basic breaststroke which can then be modified as they progress As with all strokes the Rules and Regulations governing the stroke need to be kept to the forefront whilst teaching. It allows the swimmer to focus properly on the kick. Four years later, the men’s 200-meter breaststroke was contested. Begin this kick style with your legs extended and toes pointed. Instead, keep the kick narrow. Rise to the surface of the water using your arms. And all that FINA stuff should be put in its own section, since the article is supposed to be about the breaststroke, not the breaststroke in competition. Interesting thought from both of you however and possibly worth keeping in mind by anybody wanting to try whip kick. The authors concluded that reducing breaststroke-specific volume and improving the angle of hip abduction at the beginning of the breaststroke kick could help to reduce stress in the knee. Question. 3rd place: Backstroke. One kick is allowed, however, at the start and at the turn, providing that it is part of the body's natural movement. Community Answer. Failure to turn out both feet and only turning out one foot will result in something known as a screw kick. Our Bear Paddle Team has some great techniques for teaching the Breaststroke. 5. Breaststroke was known as frog style earlier. Someone who knows what they're talking about should go through the whole thing and consistentize it. Add New Question. was lost to the world for until the official recognition of butterfly in 1952. I posted a similar question earlier but I decided I'd be nice and give another user a chance to earn 10 pts ;-) Can anyone explain how I'm suppose to kick narrow while doing it in a round whipkick? WORDS: whip kick, skill level, range of motion. While at first glance its technique may look simple, there are a few subtleties to take into account for the kick to be executed with maximum efficiency. Go to swimming lessons and your instructor will teach … Breaststroke is regarded as one of the most difficult swimming strokes to learn. A cursory look at most talented breaststrokers will show that they walk with their feet turned out (duck footed or, like a ballet dancer). Advertisement. 9. Hips are low in the water; Breathing in and out with equal force. Learning Path for the Breaststroke. 6. leg movements difficult to master. Stulberg S, Shulman K, Stuart S, Culp P. Breaststroker’s knee: pathology, etiology, and treatment. The breaststroke kick is the kick used by the breaststroke swimmers. Let us assume, again, that the swimmer is in the starting position, i.e., he lies horizontally in the water. Also impacted is the medial meniscus, a C-shaped cartilage attached to the top of the shin bone. Many swimmers have very wide breaststroke kicks. Both utilize shoulder muscles and the muscles below your arms since one of the main motions of propulsion is the movement of the arms above and below the water. The breaststroke kick is an essential foundation of the breaststroke. Patience is needed to learn the Breaststroke kick, but once mastered it is very powerful. Whip Kick Blues. Butterfly arms with a breaststroke kick were used by a few swimmers in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin for the breaststroke competitions. INTRODUCTION: It is recognized that the breaststroke kick, especially the whip kick, makes a major contribution to the forward propulsion in breaststroke (Reischle, 1988; Mason et aI., 1989; Kippenhan, 1991). Many find this kick i.e. Breaststroke is clearly a blend of ideal technique and timing. Let’s examine this statement for a moment. For this, it is advisable to practice the kick on the edge of the swimming pool. The second phase of this kick is abduction, which is moving your legs away from each other. 5. Hamstrings There was only one race, the 440-yard breaststroke for men. At a basic level, breaststroke leg kick is referred to as frog kick, it’s a wide action that closely resembles that of a frog’s back legs. On the other hand, the flutter kick of the butterfly stroke makes use of hip muscles more than the breaststroke. Here are a couple breaststroke drills to help you improve your breaststroke kick. The ‘frog kick’ is also known as ‘whip kick’ because the legs are stroked like a whip during the breaststroke. Flutter kick requires relatively straight legs, which works well when horizontal on the surface of the water but is horrendous for vertical kicking (treading). The feet cause most of the problems when it comes to kicking. From this position you should: Bend your legs at the knees and bring your heels close to your butt. Abduction. It must be an explosive inhale and a slow ‘trickle’ exhale. See ‘The Swim Drills Book’ Ruben Guzman . In your head, count to 1. Paper presented at: International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports 2002, Caceres, Spain. (2007) observed that in elite swimmers, a higher peak forward velocity was reached during arm propulsive phases when swimming distances of 50 and 100 m at race-pace. The key is to start slow and end fast. Kick Problems: not symmetrical, screw kick/side kick, not a whip kick. The right time to perform the leg kick is at the end of the breathing cycle. Eggbeater, without question. Scissor kick and frog kick are intermediate. The legs remain more or less extended during the pull phase of the arms. Community Q&A Search. Lower-extremity joint angles used during the breaststroke whip kick and the influence of flexibility on the effectiveness of the kick. Links to videos and pictures from another website would help. The only other stroke, breaststroke, required whip kicks. How to Improve Your Breaststroke Kick with Mike Alexandrov 1. Breaststroke is a much better cardiovascular workout than the other strokes. The timing of the Breaststroke kick also known as the “whip kick” can be a challenge. So that wonderful insight into swimming (perhaps invented twice!) Professional swimmers aim for more of a ‘whip kick’ which is narrower and delivers more propulsion. The forward movement in breaststroke traditionally comes from a strong leg action. Start swimming normal breaststroke. Its most commonly learned stroke and slowest among all competative strokes. Turn your feet out and open your legs to scoop water and push it behind you. Breaststroke Breaststroke is one the oldest stroke and practised all over globe from century. It says you use the frog kick but then describes the whip kick. Master the breaststroke with these seven tips for improving breaststroke technique from some of the best breaststrokers on the planet. Each article includes one or several drills/exercises to be mastered. Adjust drills according to how they respond. ARMS. Perform 1 whip kick (breaststroke kick). However, it’s one of the best for improving posture. Apply the drills. A powerful breaststroke kick relies on having great flexibility in the hips and dorsiflexion of the ankles. Try not to bring your legs too far apart. Breaststroke Kick Breastroke can be a frustrating stroke to teach and develop because “Breaststrokers are born, not made”. Below you will find an overview of our series of articles to learn the breaststroke. Counsilman’s master’s thesis was on “A Cinematographic Analysis of the Butterfly-Breaststroke,” which included a comparison between the breaststroke whip and wedge kick actions. The first phase of the insweep and outsweep of the breaststroke kick, or whip kick, puts significant stress on the medial collateral ligament located on the inside of the joint. This will save you time and effort on the kick. As you do this, also push your hands out in front. Then later it refers to the whip kick without ever defining it. The leg action provides the largest amount of propulsion in the stroke and swimmers will favour a wedge kick or a whip kick depending on … Anything else is up to a coach, who one would hope has appropriately qualified bio-mechanic / physio people on had to advise on the risks for any one particular person. videography. It helps to work and tone the chest muscles. Although it may feel intuitive to bring your legs far apart in order to push more water, this is not the case. These stages are different from the starting streamlined position. Moreover, Leblanc et al. Failure to turn the feet out will result in a lack of power and that feeling of going nowhere. Straight-Legged Breaststroke Kick Drill His breaststroke is also world class; beyond going to the Olympics twice he is also a world champion and US Open record holder in the 100-yard breaststroke. It was also recognised in a study by Kippenhan (1991) that the breaststroke kick, especially the whip kick, makes a major contribution to the forward propulsion in this style. 8. Breaststroke Frog Kick. Head tipping back and forth. Backstroke is the second lowest calorie burner next to breaststroke. The type of kick used in the breaststroke is the whip kick. Breaststroke kick definition is - the leg action used in swimming the breaststroke in which the feet, moving in a horizontal plane, are drawn toward the hips and then thrust sideward and backward —called also whip kick. During breaststroke it is important for a swimmer or swimming teacher to recognise the difference between the wedge kick and the whip kick. The breaststroke uses a frog kick/whip kick. While bending your knees and hips into the breaststroke kick position, avoid turning your knees toward each other. The arms are extended forward, and the legs are extended and held together. Breast stroke is learned by recreational swimmers often and popular in life saving skills. The whip kick is used for competitive swimming as it is faster. The frog-like movement for this swimming style comes form the movements of the legs. It helps strengthen heart and lungs while toning thighs, upper back, triceps, hamstrings and lower legs. How do I swim and breathe at the right time? Both the whip kick and the standard breaststroke kick (frog kick) give effective propulsion. The first breaststroke race was in the 1904 Olympic Games in St. Louis. In 17th Century stroke was having a wide pull, […] Breaststroke kick is one of the most challenging techniques of swimming. In 1938, almost every breaststroke swimmer was using this butterfly style, yet this stroke was considered a variant of the breaststroke until 1952, when it was accepted as a separate style with its own set of rules. Breaststroke Kick Video. Common Breaststroke Leg Kick Mistakes. 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