If thy brother be grieved with thy meat, (though no meat be unclean of itself,) yet in eating thou doest amiss, for three reasons: (1.) one another; but judge this rather, etc. The antithesis is forcibly illustrated in Acts 10:14, 28, where Peter says: "I have never eaten anything that is common and unclean," and the reply is: "What God hath cleansed, make not thou common." Nothing could be more false and dangerous, than the contention of some religious teachers that a matter must be regarded as sinful — until proved to be indifferent. Incidentally, the Greek language of the New Testament is called Koine Greek. BibliographyPett, Peter. This is not the desire of God for as Peter writes. Paul in this passage presents the "stumbling block" principle which many have referred to … (William Barclay. to do what leads to peace and edification. Both classes are here addressed, since Romans 14:12, to which ‘therefore’ refers, included both; ‘one another’ points back to ‘of himself’ in the same verse. They assume that unless a rule is made — then a particular evil will exist unchecked. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Let us not, therefore, judge one another any more -, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Let us not therefore judge one another more, that no man put a stumblingblock or occasion to fall in his brother's way, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Let us not therefore judge one another any more, That no man put a stumbling block in his brother‘s way or an occasion of falling, το μη τιτεναι προσκομμα τωι αδελπωι η σκανδαλον, to mē tithenai proskomma tōi adelphōi ē skandalon, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/romans-14.html. Apollumi is used some 265 times in the Greek translation of the Hebrew OT (Septuagint - LXX). They tended to judge the Gentile believers who were not bound by these scruples. Romans 14:13. Victor, Romans 14 - The Expositor's Greek Testament, Romans 14 Word Studies in the New Testament, MacDonald, W & Farstad, A. Believer's Bible Commentary: Thomas Nelson, Brown, Colin, Editor. "Commentary on Romans 14:13". In addition to the obligation to separate from sin and from occasions of temptation to sin — there is a sense in which Scripture requires of the Christian separation from the world. Part of The Bible Teaching Commentary on the Book of Romans. Science or experience can never show that anything is sinful. They shake and tremble; they inch along. "Here now is indeed a field for judging! “Well, no,” said the fellow. Seven of the 8 uses in Acts are also in the literal sense (except Acts 21:21). Of course this distracted the congregation from his point, so he tore off his necktie and declared that ties are from the devil. I overheard someone say, "I never miss a morning without having my personal devotions in the Word of God." But judge this rather, not to put, etc. This would seem very clear from the texts above cited, taken in their context, yet it has been repeatedly claimed that Romans 14:21 contains a divine prohibition of the use of certain material things. 1801-1803. Playing on the piano, on the other hand, is in itself morally indifferent. My sentiments are definitely with the non-tie brothers (I think that ties are strangulation devices), but obviously this is not a biblical reason for splitting a church! When he sees you doing it, he joins you in doing it, but it violates his conscience. Koinos describes that which is unconsecrated and thus is common or ordinary and the opposite of that which is holy (Rev 21:27). Amplified: Then let us no more criticize and blame and pass judgment on one another, but rather decide and endeavor never to put a stumbling block or an obstacle or a hindrance in the way of a brother. For example, Luke describes Zacharias and Elizabeth, the parents of John the Baptist, as being "righteous in the sight of God, walking (living, conducting himself) blamelessly in all the commandments and requirements of the Lord." (Romans 14 - Bible Commentary). In 1 Corinthians 8:7 Paul says, "There is not in every man that knowledge [that an idol is nothing]; for some with conscience of the idol unto this hour eat it as a thing offered unto an idol, and their conscience being weak, is defiled." "If your brother is distressed because of what you eat, you are no longer acting in love. meketi. The love that gives, that counts no cost too great, and, in sacrificing itself for others, offers all to God, and does all for His sake. Acts 10:14 But Peter said, "By no means, Lord, for I have never eaten anything unholy (koinos) or unclean (akathartos).". Paul is not saying that you can do anything you feel like doing! Their lives are wasted and useless (eternally)! Separation from sin is required of the Christian by the covenant of grace. See Romans 9:33. Not to those who love us, but who hate; not to those who are pleasant and agreeable, but who repel; not because our natural feelings are excited, but because we will to minister, even to the point of the cross, must our love go out. But sin is clearly obstructive to others. In the Scriptures, however, the word is used commonly in a figurative sense to denote anything which shall cause him to “sin,” as sin is often represented by “falling;” see the note at Matthew 5:29. What kinds of things can you do to reach down to him at his level of maturity? NAS = obstacle(1), offense(1), stumbling(3), stumbling block(1). You need to dress and look as I do. In Romans 10 Paul discusses the gospel of the grace of God and he quotes from several Old Testament passages to establish his points (see verses 6,7,8,11,13,15,16,18). But in the present phrase, krino is translated determine, which refers to making a decision. 1685. Just do it! DD. We don’t know all their circumstances, nor their motives. If thy brother be grieved, now walkest thou uncharitably. — Reprinted by permission. Or, perhaps he knew what Jesus said (Mark 7:18-23), that it is not what goes into a man’s mouth that defiles him, but what comes out of his heart that defiles him. At that moment, abstinence ceases to be voluntary and becomes obligatory — and the entire Scripture teaching on this subject is utterly convoluted. The word translated "common" here is koinos, which indicates that the faith was one shared with others. One another (240) (allelon) means each other and speaks of a mutuality or sharing of sentiments between two persons or groups of persons. We are to build up our brother in love by not causing him to stumble, grieve, or be devastated by falling into sin. Aristotle even advocated a common ownership of wealth. Stedman - "I liken this to crossing a swinging bridge over a mountain stream. That no man put a stumbling block - Let both the converted Jew and Gentile consider that they should labor to promote each other's spiritual interests, and not be a means of hindering each other in their Christian course; or of causing them to abandon the Gospel, on which, and not on questions of rites and ceremonies, the salvation of their soul depends. Romans 5:12: "Through one man sin entered into the world . Who is to decide which represents the authoritative voice of science? BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. Just as in criminal law, a jury may be of the opinion that a defendant has committed a wrong — but has no right to convict him unless the evidence proves that he has violated the law of the land. There is a slight change in the use of the word krinō, “judge,” amounting almost to a play on the word. And it was so with the love of God. The clause, however, furnishes a transition to the exhortation to the strong. 13. (NLT - Tyndale House), Phillips: If your habit of unrestricted diet seriously upsets your brother, you are no longer living in love towards him. Church assemblies may not issue authoritative regulations based in whole or in part — on any other standard than Scripture. (but see more detailed notes below). Nothing is ceremonially "common" or unclean, except those who treat the Cross of Christ as common or unclean, and they will never enter heaven. If we are to live a life of consideration for our neighbor then we must learn that even though there are things we feel we biblically may do, many of those same things, for the sake of the body of Christ, we should not do. The truth is elementary, but it is constantly being overlooked or misunderstood, not only by earnest Christians but even by popular religious teachers of the present day. As he states (Ro 14:15), “For if because of food your brother is hurt, you are no longer walking according to love.” So the principle is: Love for others should govern our exercise of liberty in Christ when our liberty would cause a weaker brother to stumble. By Mart DeHaan (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Romans 14:14 I know and am convinced in the Lord Jesus that nothing is unclean in itself; but to him who thinks anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean. In the Lord's Prayer we use the petition, "Lead us not into temptation." Young's Literal: I have known, and am persuaded, in the Lord Jesus, that nothing is unclean of itself, except to him who is reckoning anything to be unclean -- to that one it is unclean. . Determine (2919) (krino) (see 14 uses in Romans) is used twice in this verse, but with a slightly different connotation. That’s the next point, which Paul explains in verse 14: (Love Trumps Liberty Romans 14-13-16), Thomas Brooks - O sirs, as you would not harden sinners, as you would not encourage sinners, as you would not tempt sinners, as you would not stumble sinners, yes, as you would not have a hand in the damnation of sinners—take heed of scandalous sins, Romans 14:13. Below is a list of the NT uses of one another (be sure to check the context for the most accurate interpretation). The sum of the whole is this, To show how uncharitable, unsafe, and unchristian a thing it is, to make such an undue use of our Christian liberty, as may occasion our weak brother to fall or stumble. But if anyone regards something as unclean, then for him it is unclean." Jesus explained: “God loved the world so much that he gave his only-begotten Son, in order that everyone exercising faith in him might . Are you participating in any activity that is either potentially harmful to your health or to your ministry? (see specific attitudes and actions in Col 3:12-4:6) Then repeat them. Jesus does not mean that everything is all right to take in; he means that there is no moral question about food. In some cases this requirement of abstinence is written into the denomination's creedal doctrine, and members are not merely required to abstain from the particular things involved — but are also required to express their assent to the rightfulness of this requirement of abstinence. What authority is competent to determine the harmfulness and on this basis, to infer the inherent sinfulness of the use of a particular material substance — making this inference binding on the consciences of the Lord's people? Let us not therefore judge one another any more. Followers of Jesus are most effective The failure to possess this life will involve the utter ruin of those that perish. As the couple exchanged rings they said: "With this ring I thee wed, and with all my worldly goods I thee endow." That divine cleansing referred directly to the multitude of animals Peter was commanded to eat that were ceremonially unclean ac- cording to Mosaic law (Acts 10:12, 13). Hodge - The sense obviously is, ‘Though the thing is tight in itself, yet if indulgence in it be injurious to our Christian brethren, that indulgence is a violation of the law of love.' ." 8:9; Sept.: Ex. Unfairly Judged - We sometimes criticize others unfairly. "), even a sense of "urgency": The idea is "Do this & do it now! Not to do anything. To observe them was to please God; to break them was to sin. ", From this we learn that man-made regulations about things indifferent are ineffectual: "they lack any value in restraining sensual indulgence." Like many other words, the word koinos has other connections. KJV: But if thy brother be grieved with thy meat, now walkest thou not charitably. The same care for others is seen in the Christian church. Simply by seeing a strong Christian do what he felt was wrong. But don’t do anything that would cause him to violate his conscience by following your example. This is proved by Romans 14:22, 6, 12, "The faith which you have — have you to yourself before God." These “stumbling blocks” make it difficult for followers of Jesus to continue in the way of faith that He came to show us—that salvation is by grace not works (Gal. Avoiding the faults that need to be fixed in our own lives not only stunts our spiritual growth but also obstructs God’s work through us. The KJV sometimes translates it damnation but in the context of Ro 14 apollumi does not mean that one brother can cause the damnation of another brother to the lake of fire, but it does indicate that one can seriously derail and ruin the offended brother's spiritual growth "in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ" (2 Pet 3:18, 1Cor8:11, Ro14:20). vulgaris). And it seems to be assumed that some church members will abstain from the use of opium because of a church rule — who would not abstain if there were no such ecclesiastical regulation. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/romans-14.html. This naturally coincides with OT exclusivism, particularity and separation. Fellow Christians are spoken to and spoken of. This tendency, which assumes various forms in various circles, is a very unhealthy one — for it tends to give people the notion that the church can, by its own authority — legislate for the lives of its members, and even go beyond Scripture in requiring of them, abstinence from particular things which are in themselves indifferent. And he puts it in the form of an aorist imperative, which calls for action. For why should my freedom be judged by another's conscience?". This is shown by Romans 14:7, 13, 15, 21, "For none of us lives to himself, and none dies to himself." Let us lay aside all prejudices, and search the Scriptures to see whether these things are so. (See note Ep 2:10). Someone may object that opium and marijuana, for example, are not indifferent — but sinful in themselves. Both of these meanings are embraced by the Greek word koinos. In a previous section of this discussion, we made the statement that "Since things indifferent are not sinful in themselves, the Christian is free to use them — except when there is some special reason for abstinence from them." It was thus a practical differentiation between them and surrounding peoples. "Commentary on Romans 14:13". This is not agape love, but is a love based on impulse. 8. Paul develops his ideas quite freely from his conception of faith, but in all probability he was familiar with what Jesus taught (Matthew 18). Human prohibition of things indifferent. "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". The conscience enslaved to the traditions and commandments of men. Wuest gives us insights into koinos in his comments on the derivative verb koinoo, (Mk 7:15) - "The word koinos refers to that which is common to everybody. In this verse proskomma speaks of the spiritual hindrance to another caused by a selfish use of liberty or alternatively our tendency to set up a list of do's and don'ts. In view of this coming judgment-seat, we should not therefore any more ourselves sit in judgment on each other in regard to the detail of our response to the LORD. Trench explains "stumbling block" or skandalon as "literally, that part of a trap on which the bait was laid, when touched caused the trap to close on its prey came to mean any entanglement of the foot. Any more] As they formerly had done; being overly sour and supercilious. Spurgeon - You have liberty to do as you please, but do not use that liberty if it would be mischievous to your brother in Christ. Scripture of course teaches that it is ordinarily the duty of Christians to abstain from what is harmful to the body. The words “obstacle” and “stumbling block” are basically synonymous. for noose, snare), then any cause of offence. The hurt is deeper if the offending believer is admired and respected by the weaker one. The King James' translation of lupeo as grieved parallels our colloquial sayings like -- "It weighs heavy on my soul" or "My soul is weighed down with affliction." (Mark 7 - William Barclay's Daily Study Bible). It requires only that we trust in His death and resurrection for forgiveness. Only a Christian who willfully refuses to be convinced of the truth can oppose the position outlined in this book. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/romans-14.html. On the subject of giving, Richard Braunstein said: "It is possible to give without loving, but it is impossible to love without giving." It arose out of a good idea, but when separated from this idea grew into a proud national badge. The second case is evidently graver than the first. God forbid. Let us not therefore judge— He had before reproved the weak for censuring the strong in the use of their liberty: he comes now to restrain the strong from offending the weak, by a too free use of their liberty, in not forbearing the use of it, where it might give offence to the weak. Because of this, the Jews missed out on their duty to evangelize. Not therefore judge; not assume the place of Christ in judging his servants, but leave that to him to whom it belongs, and who will judge according to truth. Denney - Koinos is the opposite of hagion (holy), and signifies that which is not and cannot be brought into relation to God. You should never train yourself to violate or ignore your conscience. You’re out to dinner with him and you order a beer or a glass of wine with your meal. 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