In a word, it is happiness brought into the soul by the Holy Spirit, and maintained there by the same influence. The first--"righteousness"--has respect to God, denoting here "rectitude," in its widest sense (as in Matthew 6:33 ); the second--"peace"--has respect to our neighbors, denoting "concord" among brethren (as is plain from Romans 14:19 ; compare Ephesians 4:3 , Colossians 3:14 Colossians 3:15 ); the third--"joy in the Holy Ghost"--has respect to ourselves. As I live, saith the Lord--Hebrew, JEHOVAH. Whether such effects do take place, in point of fact, the apostle gives not the most distant hint here; and therefore that point must be settled elsewhere. 3. Freedom – Romans 14:1-6. Therefore do not judge or show contempt for each other. 22. All things indeed are pure - This is a repetition of the sentiment delivered, Romans 14:14, in different words. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. And the observation of certain days, Romans 14:5, Romans 14:6. xiii, "Works done before the grace of Christ and the inspiration of his Spirit are not pleasant to God, forasmuch as they are not of faith in Jesus Christ; yes, for that they are not done as God hath willed and commanded them to be done, we doubt not but they have the nature of sin." We can easily see from … In things indifferent, Christians should not condemn each other, Romans 14:1. All things indeed are pure--"clean"; the ritual distinctions being at an end. Of course, this is not to be over-pressed, as if it were wrong to discuss such points at all with our weaker brethren. Salem Media Group. Romans 14:14 - I know and am convinced by the Master Yahushua that there is nothing common of itself; but to him who considers anything to be common, to him it is common. This was a very common form of speech among the Jews; that he who Was a conscientious observer of the law, was pleasing to God and approved of men. (2) Acceptance with God is the only proper criterion of right to Christian fellowship. THE CONTEXT In the early church, Christians often disagreed with each other and created problems for one another. But if thy brother be grieved--has his weak conscience hurt with thy meat--rather, "because of meat." (9) "Peace" among the followers of Christ is a blessing too precious to themselves, and, as a testimony to them that are without, too important, to be ruptured for trifles, even though some lesser truths be involved in these ( Romans 14:19 Romans 14:20 ). And since the apostle, when he wrote these words, had never been at Rome, he could only know that the Roman Christians would assent to this view of Christ, because it was the common teaching of all the accredited preachers of Christianity, and the common faith of all Christians. How far the principle involved in this may be legitimately extended, we do not inquire here; but ere we consider that question, it is of great importance to fix how far it is here actually expressed, and what is the precise nature of the illustrations given of it. If a man have not peace in his own bosom, he cannot be happy; and no man can have peace who sins against his conscience. (Rom 14:1-2) Receiving the weaker brother. No wickedness, no malice, can go farther than to injure and destroy the soul: thy uncharitable conduct may proceed thus far; therefore thou art highly criminal before God. Yea, &c.--"But he shall be made to stand, for God is able to make him stand"; that is, to make good his standing, not at the day of judgment, of which the apostle treats in Romans 14:10 , but in the true fellowship of the Church here, in spite of thy censures. Hast thou faith? None of us should live unto himself, but unto Christ, who lived and died for us, Romans 14:7-9. Thou hast a right persuasion concerning thy Christian liberty; and I advise thee to hold that persuasion steadfastly, with respect to thyself in the sight of God. Let us therefore follow - Far from contending about meats, drinks, and festival times, in which it is not likely that the Jews and Gentiles will soon agree, let us endeavor to the utmost of our power to promote peace and unanimity, that we may be instrumental in edifying each other, in promoting religious knowledge and piety instead of being stumbling-blocks in each other's way. I know, and am persuaded by--or rather, "in" the Lord Jesus--as "having the mind of Christ" ( 1 Corinthians 2:16 ). Aug 24, 1980. To injure a man in his circumstances is bad; to injure him in his person is worse; to injure him in his reputation is still worse; and to injure his soul is worst of all. It here means, spiritually, any thing by which a man is so perplexed in his mind as to be prevented from making due progress in the Divine life. See Dr. Taylor, who farther remarks, that it is probable St. Paul learned all these particulars from Aquila and Priscilla, who were lately come from Rome, Acts 18:2, Acts 18:3, and with whom the apostle was familiar for a considerable time. Or why dost thou - Christian Gentile, set at nought thy Christian Jewish brother, as if he were unworthy of thy regard, because he does not yet believe that the Gospel has set him free from the rites and ceremonies of the law? 1. 9. To get under the dominion of an erroneous conscience, so as to judge that to be evil or unlawful which is not so. Helping a Weaker Brother A. Don’t judge each other in doubtful things. Some do not understand freedom about what food they may eat. But righteousness - Pardon of sin, and holiness of heart and life. Nothing that is proper for aliment is unlawful to be eaten; but it is evil for that man who eateth with offense - the man who either eats contrary to his own conscience, or so as to grieve and stumble another, does an evil act; and however lawful the thing may be in itself, his conduct does not please God. Him that is weak in the faith--rather, "in faith"; that is, not "him that is weak in the truth believed" [CALVIN, BEZA, ALFORD, &c.], but (as most interpreters agree), "him whose faith wants that firmness and breadth which would raise him above small scruples." None of us should live unto himself, but unto Christ, who lived and died for us, Romans 14:7-9. This is very likely, as there is no evidence that he had any other intercourse with the Church at Rome. The Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary explains it this way: “In 1 Cor. Now, all types are intended to continue in full force till the antitype, or thing signified, take place; consequently, the Sabbath will continue in force till the consummation of all things. Hast thou faith--on such matters? The clause και ανεστη, and rose, is wanting in several reputable MSS., and certainly is not necessary to the text. In the use of any liberty, therefore, our question should be, not simply, Is this lawful? Scripture: Romans 14:23. Romans 6:1-3 Commentary. On this ground our Church says, Art. 2. one believeth that he may eat all things--See Acts 10:16 . From this passage about the observance of days, ALFORD unhappily infers that such language could not have been used if the sabbath law had been in force under the Gospel in any form. (6) Though forbearance be a great Christian duty, indifference to the distinction between truth and error is not thereby encouraged. Dr. R.C. have it to thyself--within thine own breast before God--a most important clause. God is our master, we must live to him, as we live under his notice and by his bounty; and when we cease to live among men, we are still in his hand. Its feelings should be respected because they ever refer to God, and have their foundation in his fear. Acc… In like manner, he that eateth any creature of God, which is wholesome and proper food, gives thanks to God as the author of all good. 4. Who art thou that judges another man's--rather, "another's" servant?--that is, CHRIST'S, as the whole context shows, especially Romans 14:8 Romans 14:9 . Romans 5:16-17 Commentary. (12) How exalted and beautiful is the Ethics of Christianity--by a few great principles teaching us how to steer our course amidst practical difficulties, with equal regard to Christian liberty, love, and confidence! For he that in these things--"in this," meaning this threefold life. Differences of opinion prevailed even among the immediate followers of Christ and their disciples... View the entire commentary It may be necessary to repeat the words here that the reader may see with what propriety they connect with the subject which terminates the fourteenth chapter as it now stands. Romans 14:22 NU The faith which you have—have; Romans 14:23 M puts Rom. 75-86. This phrase, "joy in the Holy Ghost," represents Christians as so thinking and feeling under the workings of the Holy Ghost, that their joy may be viewed rather as that of the blessed Agent who inspires it than their own (compare 1 Thessalonians 1:6 ). not, to the Lord he doth not--each doing what he believes to be the Lord's will. Romans 14 Conflict and misunderstanding about fasting, eating and observing certain days. Nor does Paul teach this here, but rather appeals to it as a known and recognized fact, of which he had only to remind his readers. Dr. Taylor has a judicious note on this passage. Each person must do what he does for the Lord, not for himself. Particularly with respect to different kinds of food, Romans 14:2-4. The converted Jew, retaining a veneration for the law of Moses, abstained from certain meats, and was observant of certain days; while the converted Gentile, understanding that the Christian religion laid him under no obligations to such ceremonial points, had no regard to either. Happy is he that condemneth not, etc. 23. Let every man be fully persuaded - With respect to the propriety or non-propriety of keeping the above festivals, let every man act from the plenary conviction of his own mind; there is a sufficient latitude allowed: all may be fully satisfied. For he that in these things - The man, whether Jew or Gentile, who in these things - righteousness, peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost, serveth Christ - acts according to his doctrine, is acceptable to God; for he has not only the form of godliness in thus serving Christ, but he has the power, the very spirit and essence of it, in having righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost; and therefore the whole frame of his mind, as well as his acts, must be acceptable to God. On the other hand, he who finds that he cannot observe them in honor of God, not believing that God has enjoined them, he does not observe them at all. Benson Commentary Romans 14:1. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 14:1-12 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 14:1—15:13. And peace - In the soul, from a sense of God's mercy; peace regulating, ruling, and harmonizing the heart. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Particularly with respect to different kinds of food, Romans 14:2-4. In Romans 14:1—15:13, Paul addresses this issue. And--rather, "But" he that doubteth is damned--On the word "damnation," if he eat, because he eateth not of faith--On the meaning of "faith" for whatsoever is not of faith is sin--a maxim of unspeakable importance in the Christian life. For Christ is here--in the most emphatic terms, and yet in the most unimpassioned tone--held up as the supreme Object of the Christian's life, and of his death too;. These words have been variously translated and understood. For whether we live, we live unto the Lord--the Lord CHRIST; see Romans 14:9 . Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Him that is weak in the faith - By this the apostle most evidently means the converted Jew, who must indeed be weak in the faith, if he considered this distinction of meats and days essential to his salvation. Bibliography InformationClarke, Adam. None of us liveth to himself - The Greek writers use the phrase, ἑαυτῳ ζῃν, to signify acting according to one's own judgment, following one's own opinion. for God hath received him--as one of His dear children, who in this matter acts not from laxity, but religious principle. The exposition itself supersedes further illustration here. Meekness, humility, self-denial, and love, make for peace. - Who has ever given thee the right to condemn the servant of another man, in things pertaining to his own master? It neither particularly enjoins nor particularly forbids such. Note, (1) Some points in Christianity are unessential to Christian fellowship; so that though one may be in error upon them, he is not on that account to be excluded either from the communion of the Church or from the full confidence of those who have more light. For none of us--Christians liveth to himself--(See 2 Corinthians 5:14 2 Corinthians 5:15 ), to dispose of himself or shape his conduct after his own ideas and inclinations. All that is here condemned is such a zeal for small points as endangers Christian love. Not to doubtful disputations - Μη εις διακρισεις δια λογισμων . His rules and exhortations are still of great use, and happy would the Christian world be if they were more generally practised. The kingdom of God does not consist in outward things, 17, 18. Christians should endeavor to cultivate peace and brotherly affection, and rather deny themselves of certain privileges than be the means of stumbling a weak brother, Romans 14:19-21. that there is no distinction of days, not even of the Sabbath: and that every Christian is at liberty to consider even this day to be holy or not holy, as he happens to be persuaded in his own mind. Him that is weak in the faith--rather, "in faith"; that is, not "him that is weak in the truth believed" … If thou hast formed this conviction in the sight of God, keep thyself in this frame before Him. He that earth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks--The one gave thanks to God for the flesh which the other scrupled to use; the other did the same for the herbs to which, for conscience' sake, he restricted himself. But our apostle, while teaching "the strong" to bear with "the weak," repeatedly intimates in this chapter where the truth really lay on the points in question, and takes care to call those who took the wrong side "the weak" ( Romans 14:1 Romans 14:2 Romans 14:14 ). The fourteenth chapter of Romans is a marvelous treatise in which the inspired apostle encourages the strong to assist the weak so that the cause of Christ might be … in uncial letters, the Cod. Romans 5:14-15 Commentary. (See Acts 10:15 ). He that regardeth the day, regardeth it to the Lord--the Lord CHRIST, as before. (the Codex Alexandrinus and the Codex Ephraim), by the Syriac of Erpen, the Coptic and the Ethiopic, and by some of the primitive fathers. See on Romans 14:21; (note). (7-9) We live and die to the Lord. That the Sabbath is of lasting obligation may be reasonably concluded from its institution (see the note on Genesis 2:3;) and from its typical reference. And as those who were the instruments of bringing him to the knowledge of God gave him no such injunctions, consequently he paid to these no religious regard. The letter to the Corinthians was written less than a year before that to the Romans. Let us not therefore judge--"assume the office of judge over" one another; but judge this rather, &c.--a beautiful sort of play upon the word "judge," meaning, "But let this be your judgment, not to put a stumbling-block," &c. 14, 15. This distinction between essential and non-essential truths is denied by some who affect more than ordinary zeal for the honor and truth of God. These verses are often used out of context. We cannot edify one another, while quarrelling and contending. Romans 14:19 Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace, and things wherewith one may edify another. Two examples of such scruples are here specified, touching Jewish meats and days. … But why dost thou - Christian Jew, observing the rites of the Mosaic law, judge - condemn thy brother - the Christian Gentile, who does not think himself bound by this law? Certainly it could not, if the sabbath were merely one of the Jewish festival days; but it will not do to take this for granted merely because it was observed under the Mosaic economy. Part of The Bible Teaching Commentary on the Book of Romans. Romans 6:4-5 Commentary. Romans 6:15-17 Commentary. for we shall all--the strong and the weak together. "Commentary on Romans 14:4". But this injunction to abstain from flesh, from wine, and from whatsoever may hurt the conscience of a brother, must be properly understood. Whatever Is Not from Faith Is Sin. Others do not understand freedom about days of the week. There are many who have such an unhappy method of doing their good acts, as not only to do little or no good by them, but a great deal of evil. 21. but even if so, Can it be used with safety to a brother's conscience?--How will it affect my brother's soul ( Romans 14:21 )? Yea, he shall be holden up - He is sincere and upright, and God, who is able to make him stand, will uphold him; and so teach him that he shall not essentially err. (7) With what holy jealousy ought the purity of the conscience to be guarded, since every deliberate violation of it is incipient perdition ( Romans 14:15 Romans 14:20 )! Griesbach has left them in the text with a note of doubtfulness. (See 1 Corinthians 8:1-13 ). 13. It is good neither to eat flesh, etc. It is a true saying of Mr. Heylin, on this verse: The superstitious are prone to judge, and those who are not superstitious are prone to despise. (Compare Proverbs 3:4 , Luke 2:52 , Acts 2:47 , 19:20 ). At the same time, those who have tighter convictions—those Paul labels as "weaker" faith Christians—don't have the authority to put restrictions on other believers (1 Corinthians 10:29–30; 1 Timothy 4:4). Even the man who has the too scrupulous conscience had better, in such matters as are in question, obey its erroneous dictates than violate this moral feeling, and live only to condemn the actions he is constantly performing. Destroy not him with thy meat, for whom Christ died - This puts the uncharitable conduct of the person in question in the strongest light, because it supposes that the weak brother may be so stumbled as to fall and perish finally; even the man for whom Christ died. 10. 16:25–27 here. One believeth that he may eat all things - He believes that whatsoever is wholesome and nourishing, whether herbs or flesh - whether enjoined or forbidden by the Mosaic law - may be safely and conscientiously used by every Christian. 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