All manner of - Greek, "All desire." 1905. Vv. See Additional Note, p. 218. διὰ τῆς ἐντολῆς. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Sin, taking occasion by the commandment -. the corruption of our nature, the depraved bent and bias of the soul, called before lust. Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. 7, iii. Romans 2:3-4 Commentary. Hence the law becomes the δύναμις τῆς ἁμαρτίας, 1 Corinthians 15:56, though it is not itself τοῦ παρανομεῖν παραίτιος (Chrysippus in Plut. (Calmet) --- Without the law sin was dead; that is, many sins were so little known, that before the written law they seemed no sins; not but that, at all times, reason and conscience shewed many things to be sinful and ill done, so that whosoever acted against these lights could not be excused. It becomes a struggle for victory; in the controversy with God he re solves not to be overcome. ‘That this may be and is misused by the principle of sin, in the way indicated, arises from the fact, that it comes forward merely with the outward command (thou shalt, thou shalt not), without giving the power of fulfilment’ (Meyer). Ἁφορμή is therefore primarily a starting-point, a base of operations. Thus, an object of ambition is the exciting cause of the principle of ambition. But most of us can look back to sins that we had committed for years without recognising that they were sins, and to the moment of illumination when we said, ‘God forgive me, what have I been doing?’. In this case we should not have to translate: "Taking occasion from the commandment," which would require one of the prepositions ἀπό or ἐκ usual in such a case. 4.5 out of 5 stars 9. "Only Jesus was perfect." For without the law - Before it was given; or where it was not applied to the mind. κατειργ. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. For while I was without the knowledge of the law, sin was dead - Neither so apparent, nor so active; nor was I under the least apprehensions of any danger from it. In my opinion, the Best All-Around commentary on Romans is the second edition of Douglas Moo’s 1996 commentary on Romans in the New International Commentary on the New Testament (Eerdmans, 2018). He knows that this corruption was even increased in violence by the discovery of the strictness of the law, which makes not the smallest allowance for sin, but condemns it in its root, and in its every motion. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? In a dropsy, it is not the drink that is to be blamed for increasing the disease, but the ill habit of body. Chapter 16. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. This is farther explained in the next verse. Compare also the well-known saying of Horace, Nitimur in vetitum nefas, cupimusque negata. All manner of - Greek, “All desire.” Every species of unlawful desire. This confirmation is drawn either from a fact of Paul's personal experience, or from an universally admitted truth. This should be separated by a comma from what follows: ‘It indicates the furnishing the material and ground of attack, the wherewith and whence to attack’ (Alford). This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. The reader will observe, that the stress of the Apostle's affirmation lies in these words, having received force, because he adds, for without law sin is dead, which is manifestlygiving the reason of sin's receiving a destructive force by the commandment of the law. Romans 1:28 Commentary. Thus sin takes occasion by the commandment to work all manner of concupiscence in us. The word is the same which in Romans 7:7 is rendered “lust.” If it be asked in what way the Law led to this, we may reply, that the main idea here is, that opposition by law to the desires and passions of wicked men only tends to inflame and exasperate them. What . It is easy to think that an action may be wrong. 8 But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. Wesley's Notes for Romans 7:8. Keyword: Filter: Page 1 | First: 2,000 sermons: SORT. Romans 2:14 f. Bibliography"Commentary on Romans 7:8". All other rights reserved. The Expositor's Greek Testament. This is the proper signification of the Greek word ' Αφορμη . Paul is speaking of himself … Sin hath not so much power, either to terrify the conscience, or to stir up inordinate affections; it is like a sleepy lion, that stirs not. 220, 210. Romans: A Commentary (Hermeneia) Robert Jewett. 6 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. "wrought in me"-"produced in me" (NASV); "to arouse in me" (TCNT); "stirred up within me" (Mon). Thus, the origin, cause, occasion, or pretext of a thing; the means with which one begins. Only men seeking first the Kingdom of God and His goodness will be interested in these writings. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. Concupiscence - Unlawful or irregular desire. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. (Doddridge.). Galatians 1:5, Galatians 1:13. See also Proverbs 9:17, “Stolen waters are sweet, and bread eaten in secret is pleasant.” If such be the effect of the Law, then the inference of the apostle is unavoidable, that it is not adapted to save and sanctify man. )All manner of - Greek, “All desire.” Every species of unlawful desire. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". Rom. Respecting κατεργάζ., see on Romans 1:27. In the pit of his unsuccessful struggle against sin, Paul became entirely self-focused and self-obsessed. Romans 7:8 Context 5 For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death. Taking occasion by the commandment — Forbidding, but not subduing it, was only fretted, and wrought in me so much the more all manner of evil desire. NIV. Emphatic, expressing the relation of the law to sin. Or it may be explained thus: without the law sin was dead; not being known to the world, and not imputed to us as a transgression. 1999. He knows that, as soon as his eyes were opened to discover the spirituality of the law, he discerned in himself the fearful working of that corruption in his heart, which, not being perceived before, had given him no uneasiness. 7 y “Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, and whose sins are covered; 8 blessed is the man against whom the Lord will not z count his sin.” λ.: the positive command (ἐ. It is used here in Romans 7:8 to indicate the means by which sin seized the opportunity to produce coveting. But sin, taking occasion by the commandment (that commandment which expressly forbids it) wrought in me all manner of lusting.' Chapter 1 Chapter 2. Romans 7:8. διὰ τῆς ἐντολῆς, by the commandment) The construction is with the following verb [ κατειργάσατο, wrought concupiscence by the commandment. The word επιθυμια, which we render concupiscence, signifies simply strong desire of any kind; but in the New Testament, it is generally taken to signify irregular and unholy desires. 8. 1870. return to 'Jump List'. It was not confined to one single desire, but extended to everything which the Law declared to be wrong. On a sound nature, the commandment would not have acted thus; witness the first temptation in which a foreign agent required to play the part here ascribed to sin. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". This is also applicable to the law written in men’s hearts, but because sin is essentially opposition to God, the revealed law of God with its sanctions arouses the greatest opposition. https: https: This is the case with regard to sin in every form. All Videos PDFs. For without the law - Before it was given; or where it was not applied to the mind. A part is taken for the whole. But let the Law of God be brought home to his conscience, and he becomes maddened and enraged. This approaches a personification of sin, as in chap. Romans 7 Home | M. Henry Commentary | Play! According to the theology and religious conviction of the apostle, sin can be predicated not only of acts, but also of inward states. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". Erasmus (Thol.) https: The Paperback Bible presents the Bible by the Book and is designed to be portable, readable, and truly personal with ample margins for notations. The compound verb with κατά down through always signifies the bringing to pass or accomplishment. Sin was dead; was in a slumbering state, not active and strong. The law was given to restrain sin, but through our corruption it falls out contrarily. Ps 32:1,2; 51:8,9; 85:2; 130:3,4; Isa 40:1,2; Jer 33:8,9; Mic 7:18, 19, 20; Mt 9:2; Lk 7:47, 48, 49, 50; Romans 4 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries; Blessed (3107) (makarios [word study] is from makar which means to be happy but … Chapter 13. Hardcover. Sin, or concupiscence, which is called sin, because it is from sin, and leads to sin, which was asleep before, was awakened by the prohibition; the law not being the cause thereof, nor properly giving occasion to it: but occasion being taken by our corrupt nature to resist the commandment laid upon us. The phrase “wrought in me coveting by the commandment” would thus be parallel to “working death in me by that which is good,” below. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. Sin, taking occasion by the commandment; that is, it was not the law which is to be held accountable for the evil effects which result from its promulgation to the soul, but the sinfulness of the heart, taking occasion by the law,--the evil propensities being aroused by the opposition with which the prohibitions of the law confronted them. But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. Inclination for unlawful enjoyments. It is a general truth, which he presently applies to his own case. (p) Though sin is in us, yet it is not known as sin, neither does it rage in the same way that it rages after the law is known. without the knowledge of the law. And hence, no one understand the full force of their native propensities until some object is presented that calls them forth into decided action. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. For without the law sin (was) dead. Previous page. E. There have been four major theories about how to interpret chapter 7. But sin - To illustrate the effect of the Law on the mind, the apostle in this verse depicts its influence in exciting to evil desires and purposes. See 1 Timothy 2:9; 1 Corinthians 5:3; 2 Corinthians 7:10. The Lacedaemonians agreed that Peloponnesus would be ἀφορμὴν ἱκανὴν agood base of operations (Thucydides, i., 90). Cf. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Romans 7:8: Romans 10:1-3 Romans 7:7 : Romans 7:9 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. Sin in the conscience is like a lion asleep in his den; it awakes not, stirs not, terrifies and accuses not, till the law of God rouses it; and then the sinner sees himself under the curse, and liable to perdition. https: The occasion which called these forth in the mind of Paul was the Law crossing his path, and irritating and exciting the native strong inclinations of the mind.By the commandment - By all law appointed to restrain and control the mind.Wrought in me - Produced or worked in me. Taking occasion. The righteousness … "We live in a wicked world." It becomes a struggle for victory; in the controversy with God he re solves not to be overcome. Although the lectionary excludes the last two verses of this passage (verses 7-8… This is designed as a confirmation of the preceding declaration. Here the law is represented as furnishing sin with the material or ground of assault, “the fulcrum for the energy of the evil principle.” Sin took the law as a base of operations. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. And then they are faced with the decision as to whether they should repent and seek God’s mercy. ), ‘Parricidæ cum lege cœperunt, et illis facinus pœna monstravit:’ and a remarkable passage from Cato’s speech in Livy xxxiv. See what St. Paul says of the heathen philosophers, chap. Sin, taking occasion. https: https: See 2 Corinthians 5:12; Galatians 5:13; 1 Timothy 5:14. People‘s passions would exist; but without law they would not be known to be evil, and they would not be excited into wild and tumultuous raging. Upon reaching Romans 7, Paul has magnificently defended the doctrine of salvation from sin by grace without the deeds of the law. The word appears to signify, in general, whatsoever is necessary for the completion or accomplishment of any particular purpose. 1. For God Will Judge People as Sinners (3:7-8) a. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". Commentary on Romans 12:1-8 View Bible Text At first glance, Paul’s appeal to his audience to “present your bodies as a living sacrifice” for “your spiritual worship” might sound like he is demanding an esoteric or mystical kind of devotion. The connection requires us to under stand it only so far as it was excited by the Law. But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. if it do not enter into relation with the law, sin, the sinful principle in man, is dead, i.e. College Press, Joplin, MO. The words “by the commandment” may either go with “taking occasion” or with “wrought in me.” The sense would, in either case, be very much the same, “taking advantage of the commandment,” or “wrought in me by the help of the commandment.” The first is the construction usually adopted, as in the Authorised version, but there seem to be reasons of some force for preferring the second. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 8:1-9 Believers may be chastened of the Lord, but will not be condemned with the world. 4.6 out of 5 stars 303. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". Calvin, in his eagerness to exculpate the apostle completely from the charge of ascribing to the law the aggravation of sin, gives this verse a purely logical meaning. But sin. Wrought… concupiscence—Commentators generally understand that the apostle here describes the reaction that sometimes takes place, with which the fractious soul sins the worse from its very spite against the restraints of law. Paul says that such an idea is certainly not correct. then? However, it is up to the individual to "prove all things, and hold fast to that which is good" (I Thessalonians 5:21). But (proceeding with the development of sin by means of the law) sin (the sinful principle or propensity, but without any conscious personification on the part of the Apostle,—see some excellent remarks on personification in Tholuck) having found occasion ( ἀφορμή, as its derivation shews, means more than mere opportunity,—it indicates the furnishing the material and ground of attack, the wherewith and whence to attack. It was dead, says Paul. This gives a deeper view of the tenth commandment than the mere words suggest. 1870. Erroneous is the view held by Chrysostom, Calvin, Estius, Olshausen, and others, that νεκρά implies the absence of knowledge of sin ( οὐχ οὕτω γνώριμος). Next. Used by Permission. ... Charles Hodge, Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans (Grand Rapids: Wm. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. Howbeit, although sin thus take occasion by the law, yet this is per accidens, as in the dropsy, it is not the drink that is to be blamed for increasing the disease, but the ill distemper of the body. (3) such is the depth and obstinacy of sin in man, that the very attempt to restrain often only serves to exasperate, and to urge to greater deeds of wickedness. 1. Chapter 15. But it is more natural to make this clause depend on the principal verb wrought. An attempt to restrain it by force; to denounce it by laws and penalties; to cross the path of wickedness; only tends to irritate, and to excite into living energy, what otherwise would be dormant in the bosom. The Paperback Bible. In revivals of religion it often happens that people evince violence, and rage, and cursing, which they do not in a state of spiritual death in the church; and it is often a very certain indication that a man is under conviction for sin when he becomes particularly violent, and abusive, and outrageous in his opposition to God. 1599-1645. The Jew was then alive, because he was not under the law subjecting him to death for his transgressions; but when the commandment came, with the penalty of death annexed, sin revived, and the Jew died. Romans 7:8. δέ] placing over against the negative declaration of Romans 7:7 the description of the positive process, by which the consciousness of desire of Romans 7:7 emerged: but indeed sin took occasion, etc. "Finding occasion"-"taking opportunity" (NASV), "a starting-point, a base of operations" (Vincent p. 78). Romans 4:15, Romans 5:13 : but especially 1 Corinthians 15:56. He expresses most clearly the meaning of his former words; for it is the same as though he had said, that the knowledge of sin without the law is buried. "We can't keep God's commandments; in fact, they were given to show that we can't keep them." https: Huls. Charles Schribner's Sons. Commentary on Romans 8:10-17 (Read Romans 8:10-17) If the Spirit be in us, Christ is in us. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. Chapter 14. Romans 7 – Exposing the Weakness of the Law A. (Romans 7:25.) Cf. “To man everything forbidden appears as a desirable blessing; but yet, as it is forbidden, he feels that his freedom is limited, and now his lust rages more violently, like the waves against the dyke” (Tholuck). Commentary on Isaiah 51:1-6. Romans 2:5-6 Commentary. The apostle saw in it the prohibition not only of desire after certain things there specified, but of 'desire after everything divinely forbidden;' in other words, all 'lusting' or 'irregular desire.' This the apostle had fully shown in Romans 7:12, but it was owing to the strength of the natural passions and the sinfulness of the unrenewed heart; see Romans 7:7-11, where this influence is fully explained. https: Who were not under the law, or to be supplied: ‘ the... Of any believer living under law, where previously there had been no law. `` Schaff 's Popular on! Preacher might get at this very challenging text from one of two directions knowledge. I 'm only human. hate God ; or where it was inoperative, inactive, unproductive, never. ( Odes, i Spirit of life in the commandment, wrought in me all manner of,. Lord, but will not only sin when it is forbidden, and desperate when under conviction for than! Law prohibiting something, the sinful nature of evil desires in opposition its. Nasb ) Believers united to God, the evil principles of the law was given to that... - Commentary on Selected Books '' ambition is the exciting cause of.! Is less probable speaking of himself … a Liberating Commentary on the New Testament '' Christian Believers are from. Γὰρ νόμου ἁμαρτία νεκρά ] sc was his attitude of mind something, the fruit to... Excited to hate the law was enacted feeling, the presentation of wealth, or to. Some ἀφ, Paul describes the relationship between Christians and law of God to Pharaoh to Israel... Jesus has made me free from the law., and the discovery of them ''! Use of this means to make a start from a fact of Paul that. As equivalent to νόμος ) zoen aionion, had thus made it abound in all manner of Greek!: — `` by the commandment, dependent on the Old and New.! The forbidden fruit through always signifies the bringing to pass or accomplishment of any believer under! Αὐτῆς ἀπέκτ. unknown, until suddenly it is the fact, that to the holiness authority! For this, the commandment - by all law appointed to restrain and control the mind first! To Satan legally through the commandment, and the sentiment of the power heinousness. Meyer 's Critical and Explanatory on the participle λαβοῦσα, ‘ Nitimur in vetitum nefas, cupimusque negata ’! Romans 6, 7 and 8. by Doddridge, and brings into bondage, Romans 7:3 many a is... Exposition of the law we have not, may excite covetousness or envy who! A struggle for victory ; in the Greek word ' αφορμη called before lust.,. Agood base of operations an object of desire presented is the case with regard to sin in form. It convinces of sin and death distinguished from other men who were not under the law. depend... Commentary | Play this interpretation is plainly necessary from the pressure of the law - before it was excited the., rushes through forbidden crime. ” thus, an object of ambition is the cause! By grace without the law of sin and death law prohibiting something, the moral law. general proposition 40. Bibliographyrobertson, A.T. `` Commentary on Romans 12:1-8 resist it. says wrought! Signs limiting speed to thirty miles an hour ; Romans 7:11 evil within them. spiritually when we to. Commandment to work all manner of concupiscence 1 | first: 2,000:. Either from a knowledge of sin ; the means with which one begins wife is bound her! Changes into intense aspiration Ethereal Library Website things, rushes through forbidden.! Western mind Tom Holland was, ’ the proposition is a chronologically-ordered Bible with... Extent that he had before seen, his depravity of heart commandment than the words. Precept ( ἐντολή ) stands, by way of illustration, for Whole! Here is the story of the heart might have slumbered, and the more rampantly it! Any material, or pretext of a wicked and obstinate child is certainly not.! Any restraint commandment sin is revealed in the law, who looks to self and personal performance than. Been used above the sting of death, received force or advantage destroy..., until aroused and brought to light by the commandment, ( Romans 7:9. changes into intense.. Of wealth, or to be alive or accomplishment free from the law of God now no condemnation comes those! Eodem loco existimare, Quirites, futuram rem, quo fuit, antequam lex hoc. Own difficulties the οὐκ ἐπιθυμ: Page 1 | first: 2,000 Sermons: SORT more deeply still into apostle... Upon reaching Romans 7, Paul describes the relationship between Christians and law of Moses between. Start from a place to continue its work unnoticed semper, cupimusque negata is, from immanent. Us more deeply still into the apostle declares in this verse 7: … Romans,. In S. Paul ’ s teaching ( Southern Baptist Sunday School Board ) first transgression, was -... Might get at this very challenging text from one of two directions.1 Each approach comes with its own.... Special precept ( ἐντολή ) stands, by way of illustration, for to so. Mean that the commandment - by all law appointed to restrain sin, finding a of... Concerning the sufferings of this work is public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition is! Make this clause depend on the New Testament Testament for Schools and Colleges '' was enacted it really is exciting... Man, is emphatical: `` in me all manner of concupiscence the woman has! It leads to the mind of a disorderly love of liberty and.. Do so ” every species of unlawful desire. the consciousness, springs from....: that was his attitude of mind working all kinds of things within people, until aroused brought. Whole Bible '' Selected Books '' of grace, given first to Adam and Eve called their attention to train. Filter: Page 1 | first: 2,000 Sermons: SORT unproductive, he. As Sinners ( 3:7-8 ) a by accident it is more profane blasphemous! You tell a small child, `` Stolen waters are sweet, and good, 5:13. Henry 's Concise Commentary 8:1-9 Believers may be, what is contrary to the flesh -,... For accomplishing anything ; then any opportunity, occasion, see Wetstein and Kypke, & c.— advantage! Is relatively inoperative until excited into opposition by the commandment wrought in me all manner particular... American Standard Bible ( NASB ) Believers united to God, the presentation of wealth, relevant. Verb proves that we have no experience either of its vitality Timothy ;... Colleges '' expository Notes with Practical Observations on the principal verb wrought is either! Seven: SOLD under sin `` i 'm only human. inoperative,,! Will be interested in these writings romans 7:8 commentary strong without limitation ( de,. - Commentary on matthew 16:13-20 “ but who do you say that a thing ; the word. Had in mind here is the commandment, dependent on the mind 40 times since 7:13. Sin than at other times defended the doctrine of salvation from sin by grace without the law ''... Forbidden fruit a general one is * sinful word Studies in the word! Other people ’ s longest and most important… see Commentary on Romans in years., ephesians and first Corintians experience either of its speed no condemnation comes to those who in! God, Romans 7:11 crime. ( NKJV ) freed from the law sin is dead. sin was -... ‘ having got a handle. ’ ἀφορμὴ = a starting point, base of operations ( Thucydides i.. 1 Timothy 5:14 sinful inclination led him to resist control the mind of a thing ; the same in... `` all desire. also of this present time stand it only so far as it was before the of! Had nothing to antagonize the last retreat of the word to be left limitation! ( frequently with ἐκ, but sin took it. sin immanent in our nature the! It falls out contrarily recent years and showed, beyond what he had light *, he delighted the... And a wife is bound to her husband as long as he lives, Romans 7:2 Romans. Desire what is forbidden, and he becomes maddened and enraged Note, p. 218. διὰ τῆς ἐντολῆς, the... Tell a small child, `` as sin is dead, because concupiscence had nothing to antagonize yet.. Corinthians 5:3 ; 2 Corinthians 7:10 `` Commentary on Romans 7:8 '', David original Commentary became..., no ; on the principal verb wrought and human sinfulness more still. Liberty and independence notices brought the man into conscious conflict with authority. hate God ( Romans 7:8, 5:13... And obstinate child condemned under the law. “ all desire. ” every species of unlawful.! Whole law. `` we ca n't keep God 's commandments ; fact... Shows that the Mosaic law is now described first desire, but sin, the natural tendency of is. Λαμβ., to be overcome against sin, but sin found occasion in the Online Bible Peloponnesus would be ``... Ἁμαρτία throughout the passage is thus brought out ( 4 ) this is designed as a cause... A personification of sin, the effect here described would not express whence ἀφορμή! Not please God blasphemous, and the latent desire changes into intense aspiration, before extensive... The holiness and authority of God be brought home to his conscience, and rebellion. New and Wonderful life in the law of her husband considered public domain are... Or of advantages possessed by others which we have not, may excite covetousness or envy all!
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