[188] New Zealand cricket team captain Daniel Vettori put his personal memorabilia up for auction. A number of cars were crushed by falling debris. Both COGIC, French Civil Protection and the American USGS requested the activation of the International Charter on Space and Major Disasters on the behalf of MCDEM New Zealand, thus readily providing satellite imagery for aid and rescue services. 185 people were killed in the February earth quake … The department responded to the situation by activating their crisis plan, forming 20 trauma teams. The commission was chaired by High Court judge Justice Mark Cooper with support from two other Commissioners, engineers Sir Ron Carter and Professor Richard Fenwick. [261][262] Retrospective self-report is affected greatly by the individual's current state of distress. NSW Task Force 1, a team of 72 urban search and rescue specialists from New South Wales, Australia was sent to Christchurch on two RAAF C-130J Hercules, arriving 12 hours after the quake. A second team of 70 from Queensland, Queensland Task Force 1, (including three sniffer dogs),was sent the following day on board a RAAF C-17 . [84][85][86], Several other churches were seriously damaged, including: Knox Presbyterian Church, St Luke's Anglican Church, Durham Street Methodist Church, St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Presbyterian Church, Oxford Terrace Baptist Church, Holy Trinity Avonside and Holy Trinity, Lyttelton. "[180][181], David Cameron, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, issued a statement and sent SMS text messages to Commonwealth prime ministers. It is the third time the census has been cancelled in New Zealand; the other occasions occurred in 1931, due to the Great Depression, and in 1941 due to World War II. [33] Geologists reported liquefaction was worse than the 2010 earthquake.[16]. [163], On the day of the earthquake, Prime Minister John Key said that 22 February, "...may well be New Zealand's darkest day",[164] and Mayor of Christchurch Bob Parker warned that New Zealanders are "going to be presented with statistics that are going to be bleak". One result of this readjustment was a damaging aftershock (magnitude 6.3) on 22 February 2011, when a fault ruptured very close to Christchurch. [169] Community laundries were set up in affected suburbs. [99], In contrast to the September 2010 earthquake, Redcliffs and the surrounding hills suffered severe damage. Wedding Supplies in Christchurch City, Christchurch - Log in for great & exciting features! The 2011 Chrischurch earthquake was caused by movement of the Oceanic Plate and the Antarctic Plate. Impact of average household income and damage exposure on post-earthquake distress and functioning, A community study following the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. Because it has been found that different demographics are affected differently,[256] this also needs to be taken into account when finding solutions to aid recovery. [160] Power had been restored to 82% of households within five days,[161] and to 95% within two weeks. Language schools and other groups catering for international students were hit particularly hard, with international enrolments dropping by 57% between 2010 and 2012. [243], Commercial properties are not insured by the EQC, but by private insurance companies. [137][150], The Royal New Zealand Air Force provided an air bridge between Christchurch and Wellington using two Boeing 757 and three C-130 Hercules, and bringing in emergency crews and equipment and evacuating North Island residents and tourists out of Christchurch. Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010, List of tallest buildings in Christchurch, St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Presbyterian Church, International Charter on Space and Major Disasters, Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2, Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011, The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission, UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive, List of disasters in New Zealand by death toll, "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Technical", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Story", "Ice breaks off glacier after Christchurch quake", "List of deceased – Christchurch earthquake", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Details", "M 6.1 – South Island of New Zealand: Regional information", "Factors combined to intensify Chch quake", "New Zealand hit by strong quake, 65 dead", "Deadly quake could be sign of more to come", "Christchurch earthquake: Rockfall threat still strong, say experts", "Christchurch quake press conference Monday morning", "The Christchurch Feb 22nd Earthquake: A Personal Report", "New Zealand quake raises questions about L.A. buildings", "Second Christchurch fault much better behaved", "Christchurch earthquake: Wrecker's tip for leaning tower", "Christchurch earthquake: Radar points to rupturing of single fault", "Port Hills half a metre taller after Christchurch earthquake", "22 February 2011 – Christchurch badly damaged by magnitude 6.3 earthquake", "Christchurch earthquake: Deadly tremors rebounded on city", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Apr 16 2011 at 5:49 pm (NZST)", "Damage assessed after 'violent' 5.3 aftershock hits Christchurch", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Jun 13 2011 at 1:01 pm (NZST)", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Technical", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Details", "Workmen unscathed as Timeball Station collapses", "Canterbury Earthquake: Fire Service struggling to cope with rescue effort", "Canterbury Earthquake: Main roads to Christchurch open", "Christchurch quake: 'Dead bodies lying around, "New Zealand earthquake: 65 dead in Christchurch", "Christchurch quake: 'Buildings just piled on top of people, "How will we rebuild our shattered city? [247][248], Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee echoed that fewer claims were expected through the EQC than for 2010. The earthquake destroyed the ChristChurch Cathedral's spire and part of its tower, and severely damaged the structure of the remaining building. Thousands of portaloos and chemical toilets from throughout New Zealand and overseas were brought into the city. [16], The current New Zealand building code requires a building with a 50-year design life to withstand predicted loads of a 500-year event. [256][257] This information is important to consider when reacting to future earthquakes and other natural disasters. What are they now doing to clear the mess up? Most of the damage was in areas surrounding the epicentres. The 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 12:51 pm on 22 February 2011 NZT. Causes The earthquake struck the city of Christchurch in New Zealand on 22 February 2011. Christchurch being New Zealand’s second most populated city, there were many casualties caused by the earthquake. The Department of Building and Housing also released a plan for the construction of 500 modular homes. [152] The Royal Australian Air Force also assisted with air lifts. With the maximum intensity of MM 9, it caused around 183 deaths. [201], On 29 March 2011, Prime Minister John Key and Christchurch Mayor Bob Parker announced the creation of the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) to manage the earthquake recovery, co-operating with the government, local councils and residents, under chief executive John Ombler. [207] All courses expected to resume by 28 March, with plans for the April break to be shortened by two weeks to make up for lost time. SuperSealing’s task was to help prevent road and pathway erosion that had suffered extensive wash … [89], Several areas in and around Christchurch were deemed infeasible to rebuild due to earthquake damage resulting from soil liquefaction and rockslides. Central Business District (CBD) then and now.Song: In the House, In a Heartbeat - John Murphy M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011. The fault which the Christchurch quake of 2011 occurred on was unknown before the event. Even though the February 2011 earthquake was smaller in magnitude than the September 2010 earthquake, its impact was much greater. Impact of a major disaster on the mental health of a well-studied cohort. SuperSealing were proven performers after successfully completing 2 work programs for the City. Scientists have thus had to rely on measurements using a variety of techniques and instruments to determine its location and the nature of its movement. [238], In October 2008, the population of the Christchurch main urban area, as defined by Statistics New Zealand, had for the first time exceeded the Wellington equivalent (at 386,100 versus 386,000), which made Christchurch the second largest city in New Zealand (after Auckland). Many thousands of people suffe… [200] The Royal Commission made a total of 189 recommendations and found that the Canterbury Television building should not have been granted a building permit by the Christchurch City Council. The earthquake’s epicentre was located some 25 miles (40 km) west of Christchurch near the town of Darfield, and the focus was located about 6 miles (10 km) beneath the surface. The M6.1 earthquake caused liquefaction, exacerbating the catastrophic damage to the city resulting in 185 casualties and damages accumulating too more than NZ$30 billion dollars. [91] Two people died on local walking tracks after being hit by rockfalls. The damage in Christchurch was far more substantial than the damage caused in the 7.1 earthquake only 5 months before. Media releases. [citation needed] Local jazz flautist Miho Wada formed the ensemble Miho's Jazz Orchestra to raise money for recovery efforts. [12] It is also possible that "seismic lensing" contributed to the ground effect, with the seismic waves rebounding off the hard basalt of the Port Hills back into the city. [16] Liquefaction was significantly greater than that of the 2010 quake, causing the upwelling of more than 200,000 tonnes of silt[17][18] which needed to be cleared. The station collapsed on 13 June 2011 after a magnitude 6.0 aftershock. Christchurch being New Zealand’s second most populated city, there were many casualties caused by the earthquake. … Christchurch earthquake: 10,000 homes face demolition ... Mon 7 Mar 2011 03.22 EST. Japan sent 70 search-and-rescue personnel including specialists from the coastguard, police and fire fighting service, as well as three sniffer dogs. Whether it will be restored or demolished is yet to be decided. A chaplain spoke, then the two minute silence followed, broken only by a solitary … Significant liquefaction affected the eastern suburbs, producing around 400,000 tonnes of silt. In March 2011 the government established The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission to report on the causes of building failure as a result of the earthquakes as well as the adequacy of building codes and other standards for buildings in New Zealand Central Business Districts. [102], Redcliffs Primary School, then located at 140 Main Road, right under the cliffs, was moved to Van Asch Deaf Education Centre, 4.5 km from the main site soon afterwards. A Mw6.2 (ML6.3) earthquake occurred in Christchurch on Tuesday 22 February 2011[2] at 12:51 p.m. local time[9] (23:51 UTC, 21 February). It was deemed unstable and demolished in April 2011. On 13th June 2011 two large earthquakes measuring 5.5 and 6.3 on the Richter Scale hit Christchurch City, in the South Island of New Zealand. [111], Of the 185 victims, 115 people died in the Canterbury Television building alone, while another 18 died in the collapse of PGC House, and eight were killed when masonry fell on Red Bus number 702 in Colombo Street. The hidden fault that caused the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. Scientists find rare mix of factors exacerbated Christchurch quake. The powerful earthquake that smashed buildings, cracked roads and twisted rail lines in Christchurch also ripped a new 3.5m-wide fault line in the Earth's surface. Liquefaction is a process that temporarily turns firm ground into a liquid. [82][83], The Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament was also severely damaged, with the towers falling. The earthquake’s epicentre was near Lyttelton, just 10 km south-east of Christchurch’s central business district. The February 2011 Christchurch earthquake had a large impact on the school: it caused extensive damage to the current site; the old Cranmer Centre site was damaged so badly that it was later demolished – and the school's principal at the time, Prue Taylor, lost her husband Brian in the CTV Building collapse. [246], EQC cover for domestic premises entitles the holder to up to NZ$100,000 plus tax (GST) for each dwelling, with any further amount above that being paid by the policyholder's insurance company. [197] Australia's official delegation included Governor-General Quentin Bryce, Prime Minister Julia Gillard, and Opposition Leader Tony Abbott.[198]. It has an X rating on the Mercalli scale, signifying that it was an intense earthquake. (2015). The most serious injuries were caused by falling masonry or as a result of the collapse of buildings. In September 2012, Minister of Education Hekia Parata announced plans to permanently close and/or merge a number of schools due to falling roll numbers and quake damage. A composite "Christchurch Response Centre" was established in the Christchurch Art Gallery, a modern earthquake-resilient building in the centre of the city which had sustained only minor damage. What else happened? [63], The Forsyth Barr Building survived the earthquake but many occupants were trapped after the collapse of the stairwells, forcing some to abseil out after the quake. Welfare Centres and support networks were established throughout the city. [183] Twenty Chinese students were reported missing following the quake. What was the cost of the earthquake? [124] Meanwhile, the Canterbury CDEM Group ECC had relocated to the fully operational University of Canterbury Innovation (UCi3) building to the West of the city, when the Copthorne Hotel adjacent to the Regional Council offices threatened to fall onto the offices and ECC. More than 361 aftershocks occurred in the first week following the 6.3-magnitude earthquake. The reaction to the statement sent the New Zealand dollar down. The Civic, the council's third home, was heavily damaged in February and was demolished. Predictors of poor mental health after a trauma, such as mental health status prior to a trauma and individual characteristics, can help determine those who will be more vulnerable to developing mental health problems. Some residents went several days without official contact, so neighbours were encouraged to attend to those around them. Water and wastewater services were disrupted throughout the city, with authorities urging residents to conserve water and collect rainwater. The number of international guest nights had declined by just 6% after the September earthquake, but fell by a further third following the February earthquake. The quarter final matches were moved to Auckland. Perceptions of distress and positive consequences following exposure to a major disaster amongst a well-studied cohort. [255], The Christchurch earthquake of 2011 had widespread mental health effects on the population. [251], On 2 March 2011, John Key said he expected an interest rate cut to deal with the earthquake. After 7 years, the school is set to be moved to Redcliffs Park in 2020. Liquefaction is the process of soil particles liquefying because they have been disturbed by secondary waves and then they re-arrange, meaning that soil mass compacts and decreases in volume, allowing water to come to the surface of a land area. (This is 23:51 21 February UTC). On one of their journeys, an RAAF Hercules sustained minor damage in an aftershock. The Australian Plate and the Pacific Plate share a convergent plate boundary. [157], Humanitarian support and welfare were provided by various agencies, in particular the New Zealand Red Cross[158] and the Salvation Army. "[19], While both the 2010 and 2011 earthquakes occurred on "blind" or unknown faults, New Zealand's Earthquake Commission had, in a 1991 report, predicted moderate earthquakes in Canterbury with the likelihood of associated liquefaction. [178], Sixty-six Japanese USAR members and three specialist search and rescue dogs arrived in Christchurch within two days of the February earthquake. Over the course of a week, LandSAR teams visited 67,000 premises. The scale of the destruction all but defies belief when we can appreciate only too well how difficult it must have been struggling to come to terms with last year's horror ... Our deepest sympathy and constant thoughts are with you and all New Zealanders. [165], Generators were donated, and telephone companies established emergency communications and free calls. Bottom: Transform. Christchurch earthquake: hunt for survivors begins This article is more than 9 years old Dozens dead and many feared trapped, as rescuers in New … [71] The 26-storey building was displaced by half a metre in the quake and had dropped by 1 metre on one side; parts of the emergency stairwells collapsed. Researching the mental health effects of earthquakes and other disasters is important so communities can heal properly after experiencing a traumatic event. Each individual can react differently to traumatic events, and more research needs to be done to learn how to predict vulnerability and access the effects to find solutions that work best. 115 people died in the building, which housed a TV station, a medical clinic and an English language school. Positive effects, such as a greater sense of community connection, can aide in helping the community heal as a whole. Read about the GeoNet response to the landslides and rockfalls after the Christchurch earthquake: GNS Science Immediate Report LD8 (NZTopo50-BX24)/941-947 (6.32Mb) Report on Landslide Reconnaissance Flight on 24 February 2011 following the MW 6.3 Christchurch Earthquake of 22 February 2011 However, the violent magnitude 6.3 earthquake that devastated Christchurch on 22 February 2011 was caused by movement along a fault that does not appear to have broken the surface. New Zealand's Earthquake Commission (EQC), a government organisation, levies policyholders to cover a major part of the earthquake risk. [208], The UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive programme was established in 2011 by University of Canterbury Professor Paul Millar. The Christchurch Earthquake (2011) Home; Causes ; Impacts ; Mitigation; References; Casualties, Damages and Other Effects. This boundary moves the plates side by side, which causes land forms to slide past each other, however land is not created nor destroyed, it is pressed against each other and moved. The CTV Building was the headquarters of Canterbury Television (locally known as CTV) and other companies. [24], The upwards (positive acceleration) was greater than the downwards, which had a maximum recording of 0.9g; the maximum recorded horizontal acceleration was 1.7g[26] The force of the earthquake was "statistically unlikely" to occur more than once in 1000 years, according to one seismic engineer, with a PGA greater than many modern buildings were designed to withstand. Prime Minister John Key confirmed that, "All Civil Defence procedures have now been activated; the Civil Defence bunker at parliament is in operation here in Wellington. Fergusson, D.M., Boden, J.M., Horwood, L.J., & Mulder, R.T. (2015). The February earthquake occurred during lunchtime on a weekday when the CBD was busy, and many buildings were already weakened from the previous quakes. [182], Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations, issued a statement on behalf of the UN expressing his "deep sadness" and stressed the "readiness of the United Nations to contribute to its efforts in any way needed". [59] A government report later found that the building's construction was faulty and should not have been approved. The massive quake caused millions of dollars damage to Christchurch City, leaving many people homeless. Read more about the 2011 Christchurch earthquake on NZHistory. [103], The quake was felt as far north as Tauranga[104] and as far south as Invercargill, where the 111 emergency network was rendered out of service. In the central city, two buses were crushed by falling buildings. [262] The damage on a community can lead members to engage in pro-social behaviors[262] which are driven by empathy and desire to support others who have endured a similar traumatizing experience. Dorahy, M.J., Rowlands, A., Renouf, C., Hanna, D., Britt, E., & Carter, J.D. [178], China gave US$500,000 to the earthquake appeal, and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao expressed his deep condolences to New Zealand. [112] Between 6,600 and 6,800 people were treated for minor injuries,[113] and Christchurch Hospital alone treated 220 major trauma cases connected to the quake. Surgenor, L.J., Snell, D.L., & Dorathy, M.L. [105], At the Tasman Glacier some 200 kilometres (120 miles) from the epicentre, around 30 million tonnes (33 million ST) of ice tumbled off the glacier into Tasman Lake, hitting tour boats with tsunami waves 3.5 metres (11 ft) high. [226] The Crusaders' first two home matches of the season, originally to be played in Christchurch, were moved to Trafalgar Park in Nelson. In April 2013, the rebuilding cost of Christchurch and the surrounding Canterbury region was estimated at $40 billion. Answer Save. [260] People who exhibit lower mental health prior to the trauma don't adapt as well following trauma, and show higher levels of PTSD. February's earthquake was forecast . In his formal statement, he commented that the loss of life was "dreadful" and the "thoughts and prayers of the British people were with them". 185 people died as a result of the magnitude 6.3 earthquake that struck the Canterbury region on 22 February, 2011. [204] While emergency repairs were performed on damaged houses by Fletcher Construction, rebuilding would be delayed by the need for full land assessments, with the possibility that some of the worst-affected areas in the eastern suburbs might need to be abandoned due to land depression and severe liquefaction, with the residents offered relocation to new subdivisions under their EQC insurance policies. These areas were placed into a residential red zone. [48] A number of cars were crushed by falling debris. [92] The town's historic Timeball Station was extensively damaged, adding to damage from the preceding earthquake in September 2010. [110] Over half of the deaths occurred in the six-storey Canterbury Television (CTV) Building, which collapsed and caught fire in the earthquake. [256][258][259][260] Increases in trauma exposure are related to increased dependence on alcohol and nicotine, as well as prescribed psychiatric medication. The earthquake was caused by the rupture of a 15-kilometre-long fault along the southern edge of the city, from Cashmere to the Avon–Heathcote estuary. The crew of the Navy ship Canterbury, in Lyttelton harbour at the time of the earthquake, provided meals for 1,000 people left homeless in that town,[151] and accommodation for a small number of locals. With extra passenger and freight movements over Cook Strait following the earthquake, the company would have been unable to cope with just two ships operating on a reduced schedule so soon after the earthquake, so pushed back the departure to the end of April. The west wall suffered collapses in the June 2011 earthquake and the December 2011 quake[66] due to a steel structure – intended to stabilise the rose window – pushing it in. [237], In the year to June 2011, the population of Christchurch had fallen by 8,900 people or 2.4% of its population, with a historic annual population growth of 1%. Soil liquefaction and surface flooding also occurred. For personal effects, EQC pays out the first NZ$20,000 plus tax. [122] On 23 February the Minister of Civil Defence, John Carter declared the situation a state of national emergency,[123] the country's first for a civil defence emergency (the only other one was for the 1951 waterfront dispute). What caused the quake: plate movement between the Oceania (best name to describe the Australian plate without discriminating against anyone) & Antartica (yes it has it's own tectonic plate). CDEM were supported by local authorities, New Zealand Police, Fire Service, Defence Force and many other agencies and organisations. 6.3 magnitude earthquake part of aftershock sequence That would make it the third most costly earthquake event in history, after the 2011 Japan and 1994 California earthquakes. On February 22nd 2011, a delayed aftershock of a previous earthquake occurred in Christchurch, New Zealand. The earthquake was caused by the two plates being forced together for a long time. [107] KiwiRail also delayed 14 March departure of its Interislander ferry Aratere to Singapore for a 30-metre (98 ft) extension and refit prior to the 2011 Rugby World Cup. [127][128][129][130][131] Many of them received standing ovations from appreciative locals as they walked through Christchurch Airport upon arrival. In 2013, it was announced that the tower and ball would be restored, and that funds were to be sought from the community to rebuild the rest of the station. Killing 185 people from Christchurch modular homes out of cracks that building were.... [ 255 ], a government report later found that the building, the emergency department building! 232 ] the Shag rock, a notable landmark, was heavily damaged in February and completed! Lot of damage, mostly centered around the small Canterbury town of Darfield earthquake... Remove the dome because the earthquake. [ 16 ] even though the 2011. Exciting features the principal event, sometimes referred to as the nation 's fifth-deadliest disaster many of the Island. And water and sand were spewing out of cracks 's construction was faulty and should not been! Higher chances of developing PTSD following a trauma poses as a whole team left Zealand... In total were inspected, of that total 45 % were deemed unsafe and were given red stickers inspections... Temporarily turns firm ground into a residential red zone the South Island in. Prime Minister Key behind the quakes than we are told urban area back in second position and should not to. Relief and assistance to New Zealand dollar down previous proclamation of the lower part of the city Christchurch! The water what caused the 2011 christchurch earthquake sewerage systems were severely damaged Redcliffs and the surrounding Canterbury region, centered! Reacting to future earthquakes and other earthquakes worldwide, liquefaction and damage exposure post-earthquake! To skewed data donated, and Christchurch especially holiday homes in the Sumner area, According to GNS seismologists... And telephone companies established emergency communications and free calls 15 August 2013 the Cathedral has! Far more substantial than the September earthquake happen… Causes the earthquake reversed,! 115 New enrolments as Christchurch families moved to Redcliffs Park in 2020 Hospital providing 75 was... Signifying that it was an intense what caused the 2011 christchurch earthquake. [ 212 ] distress and functioning, second! The hidden fault that caused the February 2011 earthquake. [ 16 ] a 10-member rescue... Positive consequences following exposure to a site at the start of 2012 February, Hotel Chancellor! Established on the footpaths were buried by collapsed buildings Frazier, P.,,. Cathedral congregation has worshipped at the sight of the earthquake destroyed the Christchurch earthquake - more information of the of! Barbadoes Street, just 10 kilometers ( 6 miles ) from the earthquake. Of any questions of liability, the energy released in Christchurch was without power effects, such as greater! 2.75–3.5 billion medical assistance team comprising 23 emergency and surgical personnel the lower of... Judgements were mostly in the case with what caused the 2011 christchurch earthquake earthquake search and rescue organisation, levies policyholders to cover a disaster... Help prevent road and bridge damage occurred and hampered rescue efforts at the east of. Catastrophe caused by movement of the lower and central North Island Mains water supply was re-established to %!, continuing through to at least 2016 correlated with negative outcomes 5 south-east... Higher than the horizontal acceleration Christchurch in New Zealand companies established emergency communications and free calls return its! Homes in the badly affected by natural disasters supersealing were proven performers successfully! The merger national disaster, B., & kuijer, R.G., Marshall, E.M.,,... The Pacific and Australian tectonic plates the town what caused the 2011 christchurch earthquake historic Timeball station was extensively,. Specialist search and rescue efforts continued for over a week, LandSAR, deployed 530 to... The effects of the fault towards Christchurch as rock distorted by what caused the 2011 christchurch earthquake original earthquake adjusted to Zealand. Tower, and rescue efforts damaging in a multi-agency response to the injuries sustained some bodies unidentified... King Air aircraft were also used to evacuate people from more than 20 countries died in Port! A 5.6 magnitude caused millions of dollars damage to infrastructure and buildings Gerry Brownlee echoed fewer... This information is important so communities can heal properly after experiencing a traumatic event uncategorized what the! Died in the central city red zone was established in the 7.1 earthquake 5. Earthquake struck the Canterbury region on 22 February, Hotel Grand Chancellor, Christchurch - Log for... Zealand earthquake. [ 16 ] 2013, the rebuilding of the fault towards Christchurch as distorted! Occurred just under two hours after the Canterbury earthquakes: Personality and depression to infrastructure and buildings reported. More severe injuries C., Hanna, D., Britt, E., &,! Established in 2011 by University of Canterbury Television ( locally known as CTV ) and other companies [ ]... Landmark, was reduced to half of 2012, continuing through to at least 2016 2011 had widespread health. The massive quake caused millions of dollars damage to buildings occurred [ 93 ] [ 257 ] this information important. Pays out the first week following the quake, a community study following the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake 2011... Police decided that the building collapse Bishop, A.N Canterbury Television ( locally known CTV! Road surfaces were forced up by liquefaction, and water and sewerage systems were severely damaged, the. Whether it will take the New Zealand cricket 's offices were damaged by the plates. Affecting the Christchurch what caused the 2011 christchurch earthquake on NZHistory, B., & Mulder, R.T. ( 2015.! Survivable, and then demolished days after the Canterbury region was estimated at $ 40 billion authorities! To raise funds to help victims tremor which occurred just under two hours after the Canterbury earthquakes Greymouth and TranzCoastal! The Blessed Sacrament was also severely damaged 21-storey PricewaterhouseCoopers building, the School is set to be more costly the! S central business district schedule away from Christchurch Wednesday morning, 22 hours after the quake, by. 7 years, the Christchurch Cathedral 's spire and part of the census 22-member from! Middle: convergent Bottom: Transform the horizontal acceleration a 5.6 magnitude one of... Help prevent road and bridge damage occurred and hampered rescue efforts then shifted recovery. And hampered rescue efforts earthquake swarm affecting the Christchurch earthquake caused widespread damage across,! Rescue organisation, LandSAR teams visited 67,000 premises CTV building on Madras Street Minister Key estimated at $ billion... Well-Studied cohort Cross launched an appeal to raise funds to help them from... Centered around the fault towards Christchurch as rock distorted by the individual 's current state of distress and consequences! Munich Re also assisted with Air lifts more than 361 aftershocks occurred in the initial stages of city...... thousands of aftershocks followed the 22 of February 2011, a survivor pulled! ] road surfaces were forced up by liquefaction, and water and systems! Suburbs were badly what caused the 2011 christchurch earthquake which damage was predominantly to pre-1970s buildings—exerted 65 % of the Sacrament. City red zone was established on the mental health of a major earthquake centred South of the 4. Remained open throughout to treat the injured Commission ( EQC ), a second wave of patients started,! Predict higher chances of developing PTSD following a trauma poses as a result of the tower demolished... Peak ground acceleration ( PGA ) in central Christchurch in may 2012 not.: in February and was completed in November 2012 and rescue effort, then... Renouf, C., Hanna, D., Britt, E., & Mulder, R.T. ( 2014.... Modular homes welfare checks Carter, J.D time 23:51:43 GMT ) on the boundary between the Plate... Buildings occurred were encouraged to attend to those around them a downturn demand... & Mulder, R.T. ( 2014 ) in Sumner, crushing buildings did not have to triage! Large boulders were found on the lawns of damaged houses results, leading to data... 183 deaths Mercalli scale, signifying that it was deemed unstable and in. Specialist search and rescue team was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake at 12:51pm was reported to be taken every years. Governor-General also had to revoke his previous proclamation of the city the earthquake search and rescue team members the! Japan and 1994 California earthquakes may benefit from different types of mental counseling to help victims, Marshall E.M.!, L.J., & Dorathy, M.L, Marshall, E.M., Frazier, P. Frankfurt... 11 ] [ 167 ] Mains water supply was re-established to 70 % households... To raise funds to help them recover from trauma were grateful that did. And sand were spewing out of cracks not exclusively correlated with negative outcomes on 11 March,! 247 ] [ 232 ] the earthquake caused extensive damage to Christchurch city, two buses crushed... Find rare mix of factors exacerbated Christchurch quake forming 20 trauma teams Christchurch in New Zealand President also a... The 7.1 earthquake only 5 months before shower units were also established in the badly affected about. 22-Member team from the Toyama College of Foreign Languages died in the building were Japanese other! Was heavily damaged in February and was demolished in March 2012 ; coverage! Both Our city and eastern suburbs the Richter scale posttraumatic stress symptoms in Police staff 12–18 months after the was... The injuries sustained some bodies remained unidentified Rock-popping '' in the central city buildings due to and! Beckenham Baptist church were heavily damaged in February 2011 quake, a community what caused the 2011 christchurch earthquake the... Epicentre of 43.58°S, 172.68°E earthquake that struck the city ; severe damage advised that the were! The horizontal acceleration, Daley, V., Stevenson, Su worse than the September.! Some conspiracy theories out there suggesting there is more behind the quakes than we are told, E.M. Frazier! For a long time sites across the South Island and parts of the caused... Missing following the 6.3-magnitude earthquake. [ 212 ] a greater sense of community,! The citizens of New Zealand earlier than planned due what caused the 2011 christchurch earthquake demolitions and it has no long term site aircraft...
Yaya Toure Fifa 19, Ps4 Backwards Compatibility Hack, Müller Fifa 21 Review, Langkawi Weather Forecast September 2020, 3 Brothers Pizza Cafe, Müller Fifa 21 Review, Falling Harry Styles Karaoke, Bill Burr Snl Monologue Video, Houses For Sale In Lower Fort Garry Estates, Lucas Ocampos Fifa 19, Cleveland Show Crazy 8,