Croix. Territories", "Choose or Lose: U.S. Virgin Islands in 2017", "Statement by the Press Secretary on S.J.Res. Currently, our webcams are down as they blew away during the hurricane season this past year. The Arawaks inhabited the islands until the 15th century when they were displaced by the more aggressive Caribs, a tribe from the Lesser Antilles islands. As in other U.S. territories, U.S. Virgin Islands mail service is handled by the United States Postal Service, using the two-character state code "VI" for domestic mail delivery. Use the links below to skip to the section of interest or scroll down and read it all. The culture derives chiefly from West African, European and American traditions, in addition to the influences from the immigrants from the Arab world, India and other Caribbean islands. [4], Christopher Columbus, on his second voyage in 1493, is thought to have been the first European to see the islands, giving them their current name. The refinery's closure provoked a local economic crisis. Hurricane Hugo struck the U.S. Virgin Islands in 1989, causing catastrophic physical and economic damage, particularly on the island of St. Croix. [citation needed] In addition, the U.S. Navy purchase of two-thirds of the nearby Puerto Rican island of Vieques during World War II resulted in the displacement of thousands of Viequenses, many of whom relocated to Saint Croix because of its similar size and geography. [32] The Luis Hospital suffered roof damage and flooding, but remained operational.[33]. Spanish is mostly spoken by Puerto Ricans; Puerto Rican migration was prevalent in the 1930s, 40s and 50s, when many Puerto Ricans relocated to Saint Croix for work after the collapse of the sugar industry. As of January 2010[update], specifically assigned codes include 00801–00805 (St Thomas),[87] Every year, Transfer Day is recognized as a holiday, to commemorate the acquisition of the islands by the United States. The Virgin Islands are blessed with an incredible ecosystem that hasn’t been spoiled by modern civilization yet. [46], In 2004, an Act was passed by the legislature of the Virgin Islands calling for a fifth constitutional convention, and 30 delegates to the convention were elected in 2007. U.S. citizens thus do not have to clear customs when arriving in the U.S. Virgin Islands, but do when traveling to the mainland. [43], At the territorial level, fifteen senators—seven from the district of St. Croix, seven from the district of St. Thomas and St. John, and one senator at-large who must be a resident of St. John—are elected for two-year terms to the unicameral Virgin Islands Legislature. [29] The hurricane killed two people, both in their homes: one person drowned and another was trapped by a mudslide. For the remainder of the period of Danish rule, the islands were not economically viable and significant transfers had to be made from the Danish state budget to the authorities in the islands. [72], Analysts reviewing the economy often point to the closure of the HOVENSA oil refinery, the islands' largest private sector employer, in early 2012 as having a major negative impact on the territory's economy. You pull… ” “ This house was absolutely perfect for our family of 8. [71], The median income for a household in the territory was $24,704, and the median income for a family was $28,553 according to the 2010 census. [3] The name was later shortened to "the Virgin Islands". [77], Additionally, the islands frequently are a starting point for private yacht charters to the neighboring British Virgin Islands. There is also a strong Roman Catholic presence. [34] Rainfall is concentrated in the high sun period (May through October), while in the winter the northeast trade winds prevail. [63] More densely populated towns such as Frederiksted and Christiansted on St. Croix were historically referred to as "districts", in contrast to the surrounding plantation land. [75] The government instituted a new law in March 2017 with new or increased taxes on rum, beer, tobacco products and sugary drinks, as well as internet purchases and timeshare unit owners. When visiting an island during a vacation, most people are looking for a great beach. senators. The three main islands are the hilly, volcanic islands of St. Thomas and St. John, which border the North Atlantic Ocean to the … The onset of World War I brought the reform period to a close and again left the islands isolated. The single largest employer was the government. [68] In May 2016 the islands' Bureau of Economic Research indicated that there were 37,613 non-agricultural wage and salary jobs in the islands. The CIA World Factbook lists the value of federal programs and grants — $241.4 million in 2013, 19.7% of the territory's total revenues — and that "the economy remains relatively diversified. is the bat, in which there are six different species: red fig-eating bat, greater bulldog bat, Jamaican fruit-eating bat, Antillean fruit-eating bat, velvety free-tailed bat, and the Brazilian free-tailed bat.Three of these are protected under the Virgin Islands Endangered and … Newspapers include: Virgin Islands government employees are also given administrative leave for St. Croix carnival events in January and St. Thomas carnival events in April/May.[113][114]. The group of islands and islets are part of the Lesser Antilles located in the eastern Caribbean, 63 km (39 mi) east of Puerto Rico and 1,770 km (1100 mi) southeast of Miami. [citation needed] District Court judges are appointed by the U.S. president, while Superior Court and Supreme Court judges are appointed by the governor. The Virgin Islands were originally inhabited by the Arawak and Carib, almost all of whom are thought to have perished during the colonial period due to enslavement, foreign disease, and mass extermination brought about by European colonists, as is the case in the rest of the Caribbean.[2]. Owing to both their Danish past and American present, Protestantism on the islands has long been widespread. [31] The hurricane caused extensive and severe damage to St. Croix. Bryan Announces Administrative Leave For Holiday Season", https://driverabroad.com/countries/driving-in-caribbean-islands/virgin-islands-us/, United States Virgin Islands Government House Official website, US Census Bureau: Island Areas Census 2000, Wikimedia Atlas of the United States Virgin Islands, Real-time, geographic and other scientific resources of Virgin Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=United_States_Virgin_Islands&oldid=1004088480, 20th-century establishments in the United States Virgin Islands, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1917, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from March 2018, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lionel A. Jackson Readiness Center — shared facility for Army and Air units, January (third Monday): Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, March - April: Holy Thursday, Good Friday, Easter Monday, November (fourth Thursday): Thanksgiving Day, December 26: Christmas Second Day (also known as "Boxing Day"), This page was last edited on 1 February 2021, at 00:53. [6] The islands became royal Danish colonies in 1754, named the Danish West Indian Islands (Danish: De dansk-vestindiske øer). Delegates have a marginalized role in Congress and their constituents are not represented in Congress in the same manner as most citizens. Bent u hier via een pagina in Wikipedia terechtgekomen? [39] Although those born on the islands are U.S. citizens, U.S. Virgin Islanders residing in the territory are ineligible to vote for the president of the United States. [84][85][86] The territory is largely Afro-Caribbean in origin.[3]. [73], A May 2016 report by Bloomberg expressed concern about the islands' tax-supported debt load. [23] About 28.7% of families and 32.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.7% of those less than 18 years old and 29.8% of those 65 or more years old. In 2010, the population was 106,405,[5] with current estimates putting the population at 106,235 (July 2020), most of them being of Afro-Caribbean descent. It alleged that racial discrimination present in an all-white and segregated U.S. Congress of 1917 was the impetus to deny the right to vote to a majority non-white constituency. [citation needed] For example, in informal situations, many Puerto Ricans in Saint Croix speak a unique Spanglish-like combination of Puerto Rican Spanish and the local Crucian dialect of creole English. [22], In 1966, Hess Oil began construction on an oil refinery. There are only two ways to get to the Virgin Islands, by air or by sea. The Danish West Indian daler was replaced by the U.S. dollar in 1934[20] and from 1935 to 1939 the islands were a part of the United States customs area. Basketball is one of the popular sports in the Virgin Islands. The retail trade sector, which also serves many tourists, averaged another 5,913 jobs. The proper name of the islands is Virgin Islands. English has been the predominant language since 1917, when the islands were transferred from Denmark to the United States. The case was ultimately dismissed on August 16, 2012. U.S. Virgin Islands Tourism: Tripadvisor has 323,089 reviews of U.S. Virgin Islands Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best U.S. Virgin Islands resource. † Physiographically, these are continental islands not a part of the volcanic Windward Islands arc. It is part of an island chain collectively known as the Virgin Islands, which makes up the northeastern extremity of the Greater Antilles. Flanking the aquamarine waters of the broad Sir Francis Drake Channel, the British Virgin Islands are made up of more than 60 islands. After a few months of negotiations, a selling price of $25 million[4] in United States gold coin was agreed, equivalent to $587.39 million in 2019 dollars. Estate names are still used to write addresses; estates and quarters are used in describing real estate, especially on St. John[62] and St. On October 21, 1976, President Gerald Ford signed Pub.L. The territory is classified by the United Nations as a non-self-governing territory. [4] Tourism began to develop, over time becoming the most important sector of the Islands' economy. The proposal was approved with nearly 72% voting in favor. While a Danish possession, the Islands were divided into "quarters" (five on St. John and nine on St. Croix) which were further divided into many dozens of "estates". Usually grouped with Northern American countries based on proximity; occasionally grouped with the Caribbean region culturally. The islands are part of the North American Numbering Plan, using area code 340, and island residents and visitors are able to call most toll-free U.S. In 2016, the United Nations's Special Committee on Decolonization recommended to the UN's General Assembly that this larger body should "actively pursue a public awareness campaign aimed at assisting the people of the United States Virgin Islands with their inalienable right to self-determination and in gaining a better understanding of the options for self-determination".[65]. When the mainland United States is on standard time, the U.S. Virgin Islands are one hour ahead of Eastern Standard Time. The culture of the Virgin Islands reflects the various people that have inhabited the present-day U.S. Virgin Islands and British Virgin Islands, which despite their political separation have kept close cultural ties. ^ These three Dutch Caribbean territories form the SSS islands. The United States Virgin Islands (abbreviated USVI) (Danish: Amerikanske Jomfruøer), officially the Virgin Islands of the United States of America (and also called the American Virgin Islands or the U.S. Virgin Islands) are a group of Caribbean islands and an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States. The Henry E. Rohlsen International Airport serves St. Croix and the Cyril E. King Airport serves St. Thomas and St. John. [23] Since refining ended, the 34-million-barrel tank farm has operated as a crude oil and petrochemical storage facility for third-party customers. The sights are beautiful as you watch ships come in on the horizon, and the… International business and financial services are a small but growing component of the economy. In the territory, the population in 2010 was distributed with 31.6% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. In 2010, the census put the population of the U.S. Virgin Islands at 106,405. John). Previously known as the Danish West Indies of the Kingdom of Denmark–Norway (from 1754 to 1814) and the independent Kingdom of Denmark (from 1814 to 1917), they were sold to the United States by Denmark for $25,000,000 in the 1917 Treaty of the Danish West Indies,[3] and have since been an organized, unincorporated United States territory. However, based on proximity, these islands are sometimes grouped with the Windward Islands culturally and politically. Destination US Virgin Islands, a virtual guide to America's Caribbean paradise. 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