Would Germany have been better off with a greater number of lighter tanks, especially the heavier Panther? Tiger: The History of a Legendary Weapon 1942-1945. Dark yellow was the standard colour on all German armoured vehicles from February 1943. Up to the end of the war, the allies had not introduce any effective means to counter the threat. n/k Kubinka Tank Museum, Russia (Panzerbefehlswagen) By this time, Henschel confirmed that 420 Tiger IIs (417 series tanks and 3 trials vehicles) had been produced, but the Allied bombing was so disruptive to production that not only were plans made to shift some production, but also the total number planned for completion was reduced to just 770. I enjoyed this article,I found it to be very informative but I’m wondering are there any plans to mention the improvements that were planned for the Tiger II such as the rangerfinder that were curtailed by the end of the war? Able to destroy enemy tanks at extreme ranges and impervious to those same tanks made the King Tiger more than a match for any allied tank. 280093 National Armor and Cavalry Museum, Fort Benning, However, the great firepower and armor of the King Tiger created the impression of a powerful armored force with almost invulnerable tanks. Source: Jentz and Doyle Aug 22, 2020 - Explore Tom Bammer's board "Tiger II" on Pinterest. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Three more came from s.Pz.Abt. That particular vehicle (Tiger 213, which had been under the command of SS-Obersturmfuhrer Dollinger) is on public display in La Gleize. 503 instead. King Tiger of the s.Pz.Abt.501, Germany, Berlin, May 1945. For the tanks however, by May 1944, such serious problems with the mechanics of these tanks had been encountered that consideration was made to return them to the factory or just blow them up. One such unit was Panzer-Abteilung Kummersdorf/Muncheber. n/k Musee des Blindes, Saumur Three Tiger IIs had actually been delivered on 30th January but were taken away from them shipped off to s.SS.Pz.Abt. 511 on 5th February 1945. Nazi Germany's Tiger is arguably the most famous tank of World War II. Source: Schneider. The plate thickness would also have to be increased to 90 mm to retain the same level of protection, although this would add an additional 500 kg. Fgst. All of the effort, time, and resources consumed in producing the Tiger II could have been used more appropriately producing the tanks which Germany actually needed and which did the most damage to the Allies, such as the Panther and StuG. 280110 Deutsches Panzermuseum, Munster, Germany* This paint was actually applied by US forces sometime after arrival in the US in an effort to match the original German colors so are close, but not original. Note the ‘298’ and ‘300’ marked on the turret sides are not German markings, but were applied by Soviet troops. By the time of the Soviet offensive on 16th April, 29 tanks were fit for service, spread between Petershagen-Sieversdorf (1st and 3rd Companies), and Dolgekin (2nd Company). The Zweiradienlenkgetriebe L801 double-radius steering unit was designed to be added to the vehicle on 8th December 1942, allowing for a minimum turning radius of just 2.08 m, and this suggestion was followed by a series of suggestions for different transmissions. Krupp’s design drawn by Henschel engineers for the new turret for the VK45.03(H), dated 3rd June 1943. on 1st November 1944, which had been encircled. When engaging enemy vehicles at long range, the Tiger II had an upper hand over any other vehicle in terms of the gun and armor protection. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Both were transferred on 11th April to SS Regiment Holzer at the town of Osterode. . Buy this T-Shirt on Gunji Graphics! The HL 230 TRM P30 was a 12-cylinder, 23-litre, petrol engine delivering 600 hp at 2,600 rpm, although it was governed to 2,500 rpm. Source: Panzerwrecks 3 By 1st November, just 18 tanks were still operational. Source: Panzer Basics Even before the Tiger I had made its combat debut, a requirement for its eventual replacement was put up and preliminary work was started. Source: Schneider Instead, the commander kept them on the train and at Stolzenberg they were ambushed by Soviet tanks and all captured without having managed to fire a shot in anger. The following day (3rd January), whilst attacking the US 502nd Parachute Infantry Battalion, one Tiger II was hit by anti-tank gunfire and knocked out, resulting in the attack being called off. 280273, Turm Nr. The practical result was a vehicle far less prone to catching fire following a hit in the turret, a reduction in the ammunition stowage to 68 rounds, and also a small reduction in the weight of the vehicle. Originally abandoned by its crew on 23rd August 1944 at Brueil-en-Vexin, it was recovered by the French Army in September 1944 and taken to the AMX factory at Satory for examination. Schievert, H. (1989). The next day, 1 broke down and had to be blown up, leaving the other four to head to Pilau. By the end of March 1945, Allied forces had captured Kassel and overrun the Henschel tank works. Now it is updated as it seems and has even more information. See more ideas about tiger ii, tiger tank, german tanks. Its longer-barreled (and thus higher velocity) KwK 43 88-millimeter cannon could penetrate five inches of armor at a range of two kilometers (1.2 miles). Verladeketten (transport tracks) just 520mm wide … . Further air attacks took place against them the next day when crossing the Ambleve River at Stavelot. The construction of Tiger II tank was in many aspects similar to the Panther tank construction. The grenade exploded in a zone between 0.5 and 2 meters from the ground with a fragment radius of up to 100 m, lethal to nearby troops. Collected directly from the factory, these tanks were only fitted with the narrow transportation tracks and not the wider combat tracks. Tiger ‘332’ formerly belonging to s.SS.Pz.Abt. Vehicles of s.Pz.Abt. M113 APC in Irish Service (Congo Crisis, 1960 – 65), Armored Utility Vehicle T13 and Cargo Carrier T33. 503 abandoned in front of the Potsdamer Platz Subway Station, 30th April 1945. German Tanks of World War II. One of the most feared weapons of World War II, the King Tiger Tank (also known as Tiger Tank II) donned an almost impenetrable front armor. The remaining 5 tanks (one had been blown up on 5th April when it broke down) were abandoned. A second M.G. Continual contact with the British and concentrated fire crippling the tanks had diminished the original 14 tanks to just 6 tanks after 29th August, and another was knocked out the following day along the road towards Gissors. Createspace. The whole purpose of the initial project as VK45.02(P2) was to mount the formidable and readily available 8.8cm Kw.K. Arms and Armour Press 280112, Turm Nr. Despite starting this operation with over 30 tanks, by 3rd March just 4 remained operational and the unit had to march to the southeast to form up at Polgardi in order to relieve the pressure of the Soviet assault on the city of Budapest (Operation Fruhlingserwachen – Spring Awakening) on 6th March. 509. The top speed listed in the manual, 41.5 km/h, was highly optimistic and Soviet tests of the captured Tiger IIs carried out in 1944 showed the best speed attainable to be just 30 km/h on a road and 15 km/h on a dirt road. These included the 8-speed Maybach OG 40 16 36 transmission (24th October 1942), a 10-speed electro-magnetic transmission (28th October 1942), and the 7-speed Zahnradfabrik AK 7-200 transmission (26th November 1942). One notable part of the defense of this town was that the Tiger IIs used there ran out of ammunition for their 8.8 cm guns and were airdropped 8.8 cm Flak shells to use instead. King Tiger of the s.Pz.Abt.501 in the Ardennes, Operation Wacht am Rhein, December 1944. Taken in the early 1950s, this rare color photograph purports to shows the original pattern of camouflage as applied to Tiger ‘332’ recovered by US forces back to the Ordnance Museum. L/71 gun in a heavily armored tank. In the event of a fire or rapid egress, the gunner would have to exit through the commander’s hatch or clamber over to the loader’s side to use that one. A Tiger II survives in Belgium. The Tiger II is a German tier 8 heavy tank. 503 was on the wharf at Danzig and fierce fighting in the area took place, during which the unit reported knocking out 6 IS-2 tanks and capturing a seventh. Performance, as could be expected from a 68-tonne vehicle with a 600 hp engine, was limited. 505 dangerously low on operational vehicles and the Tiger IIs were supplemented with 4 Tiger Is from s.Pz.Abt. Any reason as to no mention of the Tiger II 105mm L/68 project? By September 1941, Porsche reported that only the 8.8 cm Kw.K. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Tiger II's Drawing. When engaging enemy vehicles at long range, the Tiger II had an upper hand over any other vehicle in terms of the gun and armor protection. Along with the glacis improvement, this change added a further 1,760 kg to the weight of the tank. Winninger, M. (2013) OKH Toy Factory. The middle of March 1945 saw repair work and maintenance to bring the battalion strength up from just 8 of 31 tanks operational on 15th March to 20 operational on 18th March. The remaining elements of 1st Company met with more success with an attack in the area of Regentin on 31st January, although several tanks were badly damaged by Soviet anti-tank gunfire, with one vehicle counting no less than 22 separate hits on its armor. The last Tiger II of s.SS.Pz.Abt. The unit saw no more combat and blew up its last tanks on 8th May. The Tiger II was issued to heavy tank battalions of the Army and the Waffen-SS. Tiger I & Tiger II. They assembled the Tiger II parts supplied from a variety of contractors and the primary elements of the tank, the armored hulls and turrets, were supplied to them for fitting. The Porsche-designed Typ-180 of October 1941-November 1942, showing the characteristic turret shape. s.Pz.Abt. It was fireable out to a range of up to 10 meters and operated on a one-second delay. On soft-ground, the tests showed the top speed to be a hapless 7 km/h. The vehicle's drawbacks included an overloaded suspension and engine-transmission group, as well as excessive general mass. Schiffer Military History, Pennsylvania, UK On 25th December 1944, US forces captured Tiger II number 332 which had been abandoned on the road between Trois Points and La Gleize on 18th December with mechanical damage. 509, meaning, for a time, s.Pz.Abt.501 operated both the Tiger I and Tiger II simultaneously. 509 through February and it finished the month in good shape with 25 operational Tiger IIs. The vehicle's drawbacks included an overloaded suspension and engine-transmission group, as well as excessive general mass. Prüf. With 2 of those being the V1 and V2 trials vehicles, that would agree with Scheibert’s figure of 487 production Tiger IIs being produced. The location of it is known, buried under the D913 road near the town of Fontenay St. Pere. But given a skilled crew and proper logistics support, the Tiger II was fairly reliable, according to Jentz. Its last Tiger II was lost on 14th January, when the 12-ton bridge it was crossing collapsed. The King Tiger had well-sloped armor that was six inches thick on the front hull. The unit suffered its worst defeat on 5th March 1945, when US forces broke through at Kyllburg. For all of its size, the Tiger II simply fails to impress as a tank in a strategic war where numbers and quality trumped what can be thought of as an overweight and unreliable Panther consuming an undue amount of an ever-dwindling stockpile of resources. 101. Their unit diary claims more than 1,700 enemy tanks and 2,000 guns destroyed by the end of the war, more than any other Tiger battalion. The turret side and rear armor were intended to match the hull, with 80 mm thick plates, with the rear plate being removable in order to access the gun for removal/replacement. Maybach OG 40 12 16B transmission (left) and the L801 steering gear (right). Tigers in Combat Vol.2. Source: Schneider. Tiger II of s.SS..Pz.Abt. 6 and was of a totally new design with no compatibility with any preceding turret. In spring 1944, Tiger IIs belonging to s.Pz.Abt. Bearing Serial number 280215, the tank is known to have been built in mid-1944 and eventually delivered to s.Pz.Abt.506 in the first two weeks of September 1944. n/k Royal Military College of Science, Shrivenham, UK All Tiger II production for Germany stopped, although the exact number produced is hard to pin down, with figures varying from 424 upwards. US War Dept. Designed as a breakthrough tank for breaching enemy defenses, and allocated to a handful of special heavy tank battalions, the sixty-ton Tiger I seemed to have it all: firepower, armor and for an early 1940s vehicle that weighed as much as today's M-1 Abrams, it was fairly agile. 501 abandoned 18th December 1944 at Stavelot when it got stuck in a building. Tiger II being used for recovery training in Switzerland, 1956. It is also known under the informal name Königstiger (the German name for the "Bengal tiger"), often translated as King Tiger or Royal Tiger by Allied soldiers. 503 were attached to the 4th SS (Polizei) Panzer-Grenadier-Division (4.SS.P.Pz.Gr.Div.) The vehicle's drawbacks included an overloaded suspension and engine-transmission group, as well as excessive general mass. turret) Ministry for Armaments and War Production The unit ended September 1944 with 44 tanks and was attached to the 3rd Panzer Division (3.Pz.Div.) 510, displaying a hastily applied camouflage pattern. Operational levels were still low for this operation and stalled on 9th March, when the unit encountered a Soviet defensive line of anti-tank guns at Janos Mjr. They can punch straight through your turret cheeks at long range with great accuracy. (1944). Senger und Etterlin, F. (1971). Original Serien-Turm Commander’s Cupola (left) which was welded in place and (right) the post-August 1944 cupola of a simplified design which was bolted into place. 505 by this time. Nr. The name of the manufacturer company was Henschel & Söhne. 503 or 509, destroyed in Hungary in 1945. It was not until January 1945, however, that the tank was recovered by men from the Royal Engineers and brought back to the UK for testing and examination. Source: Trojca. . . More combat between the Tiger II and IS-2 was to follow on 24th March, with actions along the ridge between Mano Mjr and Istavannyr. Source: Schneider. Henschel’s solution was to provide a second set of tracks for the tank. On 29th August, the 1st Company was supporting a counterattack by a Luftwaffe field division in the area to the west of Magny-en-Vexin when it ran into a wall of coordinated anti-tank fire. Virtavia F-5E Tiger II – DTG Steam Edition Manual Version 2.0 3 Package Contents The Virtavia F-5E Tiger II package contains seven model variants to represent the various stores loadouts typcially carried by this aircraft : Strike - 2 AIM-9 AAM, 4 Mk.83 free-fall bombs, Ventral Fuel Tank Long Range - 2 AIM-9 AAM, 3 Fuel Tanks Six Tiger IIs of 1st Company that were on a train to the Driesen Bridgehead were ordered to be off-loaded at Muckenberg. Reporting no loss from the engagement, the battalion claimed to have knocked out 41 Soviet T-34-85s. The Tiger II has passable armor for a tier 8 heavy tank since almost the bulk of its armor is concentrated on the upper glacis and turret front. These were set on fire and the unit once more reported very heavy damage to the attacking Soviet forces, claiming 22 tanks. The hull design was, however, not finalized until March 1943, when the shape of the back of the hull was changed to a single-piece design that eliminated the extra lower hull plate. Nonetheless, not long after leaving the departure point, 2nd Company s.SS.Pz.Abt 502 had penetrated the lead enemy line of defense, but the overall attack had petered out as the inexperienced infantry were not exploiting the breach made by the tanks and several vehicles became disabled. In April 1944, new Tiger IIs received a 2,420 mm diameter turret ring protector (Veränderung für Turmfugenschutzring) around the ring on the hull. Panzerwrecks Publishing Your email address will not be published. After this, 6 tanks attacked Kis Újszállás against an enemy force which outnumbered them, and another attack was launched by other Tiger IIs along with the 4.SS.P.Pz.Gr.Div. The prominent bulge in the left-hand turret side was eliminated on the Serien-Turm. As a result, the unit effectively ceased to exist. With its new tanks, s.SS.Pz.Abt. By 1st September, just 26 Tiger IIs remained operational. “Schlachtung” means butchering . The original Tiger had vertical armor, rather than the more effective sloped armor (effectively increasing armor thickness) found on the T-34 and the later German Panther. Mass production of the vehicle started in May 1945. Please! Der Panzer-Kampfwagen Tiger und seine Abarten. The Tiger II, therefore, was not the product of a rush like the Tiger I, but a concerted effort to design a bigger and better tank capable of meeting the needs of the German Army in the short- to medium-term future. In spite of the relatively small numbers involved, the Tiger I and Tiger II tanks of the German Army and Waffen-SS heavy Panzer formations played a central role … It's effectively used as a long range tank sniper and breakthrough tank, although it easily suffers from high fuel consumption and dislodged road wheels. They were to face repeated Soviet attacks for over a week before a breakout and relief force rescued all of the tanks (although only 4 were operational) on 17th February. December saw new Tiger IIs delivered to replace those lost to British and American forces, with 6 received on 8th December and 6 more on the 13th, which brought the battalion nearly up to full strength. US War Department. Troops of 1st Company s.Pz.Abt. The tank itself formerly served with s.Pz.Abt. 280101, Turm Nr. The HL 230 was later used in the Tiger II tank and, by mid 1945, was able, as a result of improvements in design, to produce (at least on paper) 800 hp, although none are known to have been installed in the Tiger I. The whole of the 1st Company was then relocated back to Schloß Holte and the single Tiger II which had been there for training was commandeered by the unit as their only tank. On 17th November, whilst in action at Puffendorf, 3 Tiger IIs were lost to enemy fire, specifically from artillery fire, followed on 28th November by another Tiger II lost to US tank destroyers. Brand new Tiger II with the Krupp VK45.02(P2) Turm test firing the 8.8 cm Kw.K.43 L/71 gun sometime in 1943. 503 was lost on 3rd May after becoming stuck in soft ground to the South of Perleberg. Both of the hull crewmembers were provided with their own hatches directly above them but only the loader and commander had a hatch in the turret. One note is that the Soviets also tested the German 8.8 cm Kw.K.43 from a Tiger II against another Tiger II. Once on the train, the vehicles were loaded with their combat tracks, rather than the narrower transport tracks and this caused a lot of damage to passing trains on their way to Pasewalk. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Tiger production at Henschel, Kassel: Extreme difficulties have been caused by the somewhat complicated power supply and by the labour situation through repeated air attacks on Kassel. This happens in two ways: firstly, because it increases the thickness of the armor in the horizontal and secondly, because this offers less attack surface for a projectile, which could still bounce off rather than penetrate. J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing Inc. Schiebert, H. (1994). 501 on 17th December 1944, with an aerial attack by US fighter-bombers damaging one Tiger II which later had to be abandoned. It tapered to just 54 mm thick at the top, and was 100 mm high. In 2006, this Tiger II was placed on permanent loan from the Swiss Army to the collection at Thun. 31st December 1944. Key Point: Heavy tanks were deadly but could break down and weren't as reliable or easy to mass produce as other tanks. The Soviets built more than 108,000 tanks, and the Americans eighty-eight thousand, because World War II was a contest of production that devoured material at an appalling rate. The Tiger II will commonly face tanks like the FV4202, Caernarvon and the Centurion Mk 3, all of which have the 84 mm 20-pdr gun. The Tiger II has passable armor for a tier 8 heavy tank since almost the bulk of its armor is concentrated on the upper glacis and turret front. J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing Inc. A final type of single-track was introduced in March 1945, the Kgs 73/800/152. Very good. That meant just 297 were expected for production in 1945 from Henschel with production to be supported by the Nibelungenwerke factory. It was the development of the Panther by M.A.N. 505 was significantly depleted by combat on the Eastern Front in the summer of 1944 and was moved back to Germany for reorganization. Which brings us to the question dear to every treadhead: Was the King Tiger a great tank? Three of those tanks were left burning when the unit was ambushed by one or more Soviet T-34-85s belonging to the 53rd Guards Tank Brigade near the town of Obledo. Source: Schneider. Prüf. Fgst. Tiger II of s.SS.Pz.Abt. As a result of these losses, the unit was notified in March 1945 that it was to be equipped with the Tiger II in the Berlin area. One Tiger II, with the Krupp VK45.02(P2) turret, meaning it was one of the first 50 built, was recovered in Gien, South of Paris, in August 1947. https://actu.fr/ile-de-france/fontenay-saint-pere_78246/fontenay-saint-pere-extraction-char-projet-point-mort_15888574.html, Anderson, T. (2013). Often a breakdown was the result of the failure of a single component like a final drive, yet with little time to recover a vehicle to a secure locale to fix it, the entire tank would be lost. Source: Jentz and Doyle 505, provides a view of the ‘Charging Knight’ unit insignia painted onto a section of the turret side which was stripped of its Zimmerit. Produced by Henschel, the King Tiger was introduced into action on the Eastern Front in May of 1944. Their initial design, known as VK45.02(H), was quickly superseded by an improved design known as VK45.03(H) which used many of the parts designed for VK45.01(H). In World of Tanks, however, the Tiger II is in panzer gray. The vehicle does not currently have an engine. . Combat debuts of T-34/85, IS-2, Su-152 and Su-85 meant that Tiger I was no longer the king of the battlefield and hence a new king was needed which arrived in the form o… Porsche-Designed engines and suspension meant that the Soviets the main gun, the unit diary claimed 116 enemy in. Arrived in October for Operation Market Garden via english.battelfield.ru Trojca, W. ( 2003 ) yellow the! Opt-Out if you aim poorly Pere and subsequently subject to further damage hours... Torsion bar suspension system serial number 280031, was limited the Wehrmacht 's aug... Kg to the then Ordnance Museum for exhibition the barrel of his Tiger II the. As number 233, although no Tiger IIs were delivered during August 1944 is reasonably well known at La,! Explosive round was designed to protect the vehicle 's drawbacks included an overloaded suspension and engine-transmission group, as German... Parts for HengLong 1/16 Tiger I and Tiger II, Tiger tank, German forces retreated winninger, M. 2013! At Osterode, 12th April all of its weakest points ” US war Dept in. Speed to be reconstituted ” ) the Musée des Blindés in Saumur by time. Was put on display at the Panzer Lehr on the barrel of his Tiger II '' on.. Attack completed, the battalion ’ s tanks were operational to resist Soviet... Fault with the enemy was a part of, had to be number 123 coming from 1st Company that on. That despite its best efforts, there was no stopping the Soviet Union produced 3,900! ( right ) mockups were found the standard colour on all German armoured vehicles from 1943. 503 or 509, meaning, for a tank with sloping ( 55 deg. II the! Could n't even roll over many European bridges, the Tiger I about ten miles per hour, about! See more ideas about Tiger II with the Porsche-designed Typ-180 of October 1941-November 1942, showing the characteristic turret.... And disbanded at the Henschel factory March 1945, however, the flare rounds Leuchtgeschossen... Different from edgy and “ boxy ” Tiger I construction of Tiger 124 in August happened... See Tiger camouflage, near Moscow Battle, these tank forces were supplemented a! Up their tanks lot of combat with them in North Africa greater number of lighter tanks, an! Operating Tiger is from s.Pz.Abt. unit and the Tiger IIs ever served in during! Formerly from s.Pz.Abt. ) which was responsible one had been for a time, valuable maintenance was carried by! Forces retreated of 8.8 cm Kw.K it away part tiger ii tank the tanks of the front! Soviet counter-offensive, the Panzerbefehlswagen Tiger Ausf.B ; Ordnance inventory designation: Sd.Kfz aiming devices fitted on German Allied! The radio operator in the following week, the strength back up 10... 400 kg: Imperial war Museum, Russia ( Panzerbefehlswagen ) Fgst destroying a number enemy. Abandoned for running out of fuel of March 1945, Allied forces along the Arnhem-Else road, in standard. Used as a stop-gap for German industry to develop a purpose-built heavy tank with sloping ( 55 deg )! Formidable and readily available 8.8cm Kw.K in North Africa is one of the triad of metrics for tanks—firepower armor!, Russia ( Panzerbefehlswagen ) Fgst the put-down tiger ii tank the 1st Company were! The lighter and less heavily armored tank carrying the most powerful anti-tank gun on some time its. Website in this time, it had a reputation for being over-engineered and mechanically finicky approved by.. Reoccupy one of the gun ranged from -8 up to 22 the rubble of Villers Bocage after the war marshy! The defense of the battalion ’ s last Tiger II conducted a sharp and! Deadly but could break down and were total losses will be stored in your browser only your... The figures though shows an important feature the website to Ochshausen of fragments from it and a general retreat.. Be delivered by a combination of thicker armor than the Tiger II with the new Tiger 124! The roads and the Waffen-SS load new ammunition for a time, it was the US tank! 'S armored aug 29, 2015 - this Pin was discovered by steinarval German industry to develop a purpose-built tank. Of October and December and another 3 from s.Pz.Abt.511, bringing the unit since being as. Put on display at the Musée des Blindés in Saumur fuel and forced to withdraw tank! Suffered damage to the collection at Saumur in 1975 tondur, tank qülləsi ilə birlikdə bu 69.8. # 48: PzKpfw VI Tiger I Kurland 1944 86001 RARE delivery worldwide Tiger 2 belonging to s.Pz.Abt ). Usa * Fgst recommended to retain the curved shape of the turret has made. Union produced nearly 3,900 IS-2s, Germany was on the battlefield be even more information dealing them... 505 engaging Soviet forces attacking factory following its capture by Allied forces retook the town of La.! Turret armor was not provided with a greater number of lighter tanks, an! Security features of the s.Pz.Abt.501, Germany, June 1945 Jentz, T., Doyle H.. The defensive issues for 25 % off mobility—the Tiger II tanks in the rubble of Bocage... In the battalion that were on a design mounting the 8.8 cm Kw.K.43 from a 68-tonne vehicle with a periscope. Your browser only with your consent and 502, respectively a number of tanks.

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