The dysentery and diarrhea that tore through the campsites and the harsh winter conditions claimed the lives of many, particularly children and the elderly, who were buried in makeshift graves along the way. The three-mile-long Cherokee caravans required days to make river crossings and included one wagon for approximately every 20 people. The Vann House was the first brick home in the Cherokee Nation, built in 1804 by the wealthiest gentleman at that time. Although the treaty mandated the removal of “all white people who have intruded, or may hereafter intrude, on the lands of the Cherokees,” the United States instead forcibly removed more than 15,000 Cherokees in 1838 and 1839. E.Merton Coulter, Auraria: The Story of a Georgia Gold Mining Town (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1956). You'll find museums, interpretive centers, and historic sites that provide information and interpretation for the Trail. The Trail of Tears The Trail of Tears was a period of time from This body organizes the chapter for meetings, research, and activities. Yet a minority felt that it was futile to continue to fight. Discover Georgia's National Park Service Trail of Tears History and Culture - In 1838, the United States government forcibly removed more than 16,000 Cherokee Indian people from their homelands in Tennessee, Alabama, N.C., and Georgia. In August 1839, John Ross was elected Principal Chief of the reconstituted Cherokee Nation. Trail of tears – Story and Facts about the forced and unjust movement of Native Americans from their ancestral homes in Southeastern United States. The Cherokee were ordered to “present themselves” for relocation to Indian territory in the west. This land had been passed down for generations but by … During the 1820s, Governor George Gilmer made Cherokee removal a top priority. After their removal to Indian Territory (OK) in the late 1830s, Cherokee people established tribal government headquarters in Tahlequah, developed a constitution, and maintained a bilingual school system. In response, furious Georgia leaders abolished Cherokee government, and annexed Cherokee land. The Oconaluftee Cherokees had treaty rights, and they, along with fugitives fleeing the army, became the Eastern Band of Cherokees, still residing in N. C. The Trail of Tears National Historic Trail is approximately 2,200 miles long, over land and water routes in nine states. Mar 24, 2013 - Explore Chieftains Museum's board "Cherokee History & Trail of Tears" on Pinterest. Severe exposure, starvation and disease ravaged tribes during their forced migration to present-day Oklahoma. President Andrew Jackson refused to enforce the ruling, but the decision helped form the basis for most subsequent Indian law in the U.S. View The Trail of Tears Final.docx from HIST 300 at Moi University. In the 1830s, almost 125, 000 people of Indian descent occupied millions of acres around Georgia… ... Clair M. Birdsall, The United States Branch Mint at Dahlonega, Georgia: Its History and Coinage (Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1984). Additional Trail of Tears Sites in Georgia Chief Vann House State Historic Site, Chatsworth. “We are compelled to cut through the ice to get water for ourselves and animals,” wrote commissary agent Nathan Davis. The ordeal has become known as the Trail of Tears. In June 1838, three military-led migrations departed present-day Chattanooga, Tennessee, to journey westward by both land and water. Tahlequah, Oklahoma was its capital. Hopeful gold speculators began trespassing on Cherokee lands, and pressure began to mount on the Georgia government to fulfill the promises of the Compact of 1802. These routes are part of the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail. Today, they are known as the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. They traveled by foot, horse, wagon, or steamboat in 1838-1839. Federal soldiers could only act as observers as a Cherokee police force kept order. Disease, exposure, and starvation may have claimed as many as 4,000 Cherokee lives during the course of capture, imprisonment, and removal. To the Cherokee Nation the journey west was a bitter pill forced upon them by a state and federal government that cared little for their culture or society, and even less about justice. . The historic home of Major Ridge, although greatly altered from the time Major Ridge and his family occupied the house, survived and is managed by the Chieftains Museum Inc. in Rome, Georgia as a museum. Beginning on May 26, 1838, soldiers under the command of General Winfield Scott rounded up the majority of the Cherokee along with 1,500 slaves and free blacks, forced them to leave behind most of their possessions and herded them into wooden stockades and internment camps. Ice flowing down the Mississippi River made it too treacherous to cross, forcing the Cherokee to camp and sleep in deep snow and ice for weeks at a time. The man known as old “Fuss and Feathers” was the foremost American soldier between the Revolution and the Civil War. There are no user or entry fees for the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail. “Even aged females, apparently nearly ready to drop into the grave, were traveling with heavy burdens attached to the back,” recorded one traveler who encountered the Cherokee in Kentucky. 31 forts were built for this purpose on the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail. The Supreme Court refused to rule on whether the Georgia state laws were applicable to the Cherokee people. See Article History. Their experiencess are commemorated on the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail. The continued removal of the Cherokee people, especially in 1838 and 1839,became known as the Trail of Tears. Thousands of people died on the harsh and totally unnecessary journey. Interesting Trail of Tears Historic Facts. As European settlers arrived, Cherokees traded and intermarried with them. a Confederate soldier who participated in the forced migration recalled. Trail of Tears Georgia Historic Sites and Interpretive Facilities: Chieftains Museum/Major Ridge Home, Rome Georgia Historical Significance: The Chieftains tells the story of Major Ridge, the influential Ridge family including prominent son John Ridge, Cherokee history, and the Trail of Tears, as well as subsequent history of the home and region. "Many Days Pass and People Die Very Much". Most Cherokees opposed removal. 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