K-11 was a Soviet November-class (Project 627A) nuclear-powered attack submarine that had two reactor accidents during loading of the nuclear reactor core in Severodvinsk on 7 and 12 February 1965. K-50 was renamed as K-60 in 1982. The large, torpedo-shaped vessel displaced more than four thousand tons submerged and was 107 meters long. Construction began at SEVMASH Shipyard, Severodvinsk, in June 1954. In April 2010, Wired $2agazine published an article on the survey of the sunken submarine conducted by the UK company ADUS Ltd.[9] The article was accompanied by high resolution multibeam sonar images of the wreck. Laid down on 15 October 1959, launched on 28 August 1960, and commissioned 10 December 1960. K-27 was towed to a special training area in the Kara Sea and scuttled there on 6 September 1982 in the point 72°31'N 55°30'E (north-east coast of Novaya Zemlya, Stepovoy Bay) at a depth 33 m only (in contravention of an IAEA requirement which asked to scuttle the submarine somewhere at a depth not less than 3,000–4,000 m). In 1975, K-21 was given to 17th submarine division which was a part of 11th submarine flotilla based in Gremikha. The Project P627A design armed with nuclear cruise missile system P-20 was developed in 1956–1957 but not finished, equipment and mechanisms were used for building the usual attack submarine of project 627A (submarine K-50). A lack of radiation shielding resulted in frequent crew illness, and many of the boat suffered multiple reactor malfunctions over their lifetimes. In 1968, another November-class boat proved capable of matching pace with the carrier USS Enterprise while the latter moved at full power, causing a minor panic in the Navy leadership that led to the adoption of the speedy Los Angeles–class attack submarine, some of which remain in service today. Its double-hulled interior was divided into nine compartments, housing a crew of seventy-four seamen and thirty officers. Nine sailors died in the accident and one was rescued. This was the first repair and overhaul program performed on a Victoria-class submarine by industry. A fire on April 8 had disabled the submarine and it was being towed in rough seas. In fact, the frequent, catastrophic disasters onboard the Project 627 boats seem almost like gruesome public service announcements for everything that could conceivably go wrong with nuclear submarines. [2] K-133 entered service with the Northern Fleet (given to 3rd submarine division which was a part of 1st submarine flotilla, based in Bolshaya Lopatka of Zapadnaya Litsa Fjord) on 14 November 1962. Purpose was to protect wooden ships against ironclads. 627A) + 1 (pr. Flagman 1/350 K-3 “November” Class Submarine By Chris Banyai-Riepl. The November class attack submarines were considerably noisier than diesel submarines and the early American nuclear-powered submarines, despite the streamlined torpedo-like hull, limited number of holes in the hull, special low-noise variable-pitch propellers, vibration dampening of main equipment, and antisonar coating of the hull (used for the first time on nuclear-powered submarines). 9035 1/350 Nuclear Submarine K-3 November Class by ZVE9035 in Vehicles, Trains & Remote-Control. As the Soviet Union was succeeded by an economically destitute Russia, many decommissioned nuclear submarines were left to rust with their nuclear fuel onboard, leading to safety concerns from abroad. He surfaced the submarine and rescued the commander and second-in-command who organized damage control). The Nautilus’s reactor allowed it operate underwater for months at a time, compared to the hours or days afforded conventional submarines. The result was a boat with a few advantages compared to its American competition, but that also exhibited a disturbing tendency to catastrophic accidents that would prove characteristic of the burgeoning Soviet submarine fleet during the Cold War. Three compartments equipped with bulkheads to withstand 10 atm pressure could be used as emergency shelters. A liquid metal-cooled reactor had better efficiency than the water-cooled VM-A reactor, but technical maintenance of liquid metal cooled reactors in naval base was much more complicated. The submarine was decommissioned on 1 February 1979 and her reactor compartment was filled with special solidifying mixture of furfurol and bitumen in summer 1981 (the work was performed by Severodvinsk shipyard No. By 1963 this class was still in service but had been overtaken by later technology. K stands for Kreyserskaya podvodnaya lodka (literally "Cruising submarine"). K-11 passed 220,179 miles (29,560 operational hours) since placed in service.[7]. november class submarine in Chinese : n级核潜艇…. All other Novembers except K-3 belonged to modified project – project 627A. Ghost November class submarine (K-235): Suddenly there was the loud sound of propellers. First underway on nuclear power 4 June 1958. In November 1964 the sail failure of fuel pins was detected during the scheduled repair in Severodvinsk and it was decided to refuel both reactors. The November class, Soviet designation Project 627 Kit (Russian: Кит, lit. ' Flimsy pontoons were welded onto K-159 to enable its towing to a scrapping site, but on August 30 a sea squall ripped away one of the pontoons, causing the boat to begin foundering around midnight. The Republic of … 52 sailors including the commander, Captain 2nd Rank Vsevolod Borisovich Bessonov, died due to CO2 poisoning and the flooding of the surfaced submarine during 80 hours of damage control in stormy conditions, 73 sailors were rescued. K-3, the first Soviet submarine to sail on nuclear power, was on a Mediterranean patrol on September 8, 1967, when a hydraulic fire broke out in its torpedo tubes, with the resulting buildup of carbon monoxide killing thirty-nine sailors. Refueling was made in September 1975 during a medium repair. However, after expert opinions of Soviet naval specialists were considered, the role of the class changed to torpedo attacks on enemy warships and transport ships during actions along the ocean and distant sea routes. She was laid up in Gremikha as of 2000. Here's What You Need To Remember: The November-class submarines may not have been particularly silent hunters, but they nonetheless marked a breakthrough in providing the Soviet submarine … Australia’s Collins Class submarines will increase their operational effectiveness in hazardous, shallow waters through the delivery of sovereign Mine and Obstacle Avoidance Sonar (MOAS) and High Frequency Intercept Array (HFIA) systems developed by … The submarine performed a number of cruises including participation in naval exercise "Ograda" (Protective fence) during 4 March 1965 – 4 April 1965, patrol mission in North Atlantic in July 1965, two patrol missions (161 days) in 1969–1973, one patrol mission in 1978 (51 days), one patrol mission in December 1983 – January 1984. The November class were double-hulled submarines with streamlined stern fins and nine compartments (I – bow torpedo, II – living and battery, III – central station, IV – diesel-generator, V – reactor, VI – turbine, VII – electromechanic, VIII – living, IX – stern). November 2020 Submarines Your questions answered SPECIAL REPORT. K-11 entered service with the Northern Fleet (given to 3rd division of nuclear submarines which was a part of 1st submarine flotilla, based in Malaya Lopatka of Zapadnaya Litsa Fjord) on 16 March 1962. K-21 passed 190,831 miles (22,932 operational hours) since placed in service.[6]. Leonov skillfully disengaged. This is just an accounting of major accidents on the November-class boats—more occurred on Echo- and Hotel-class submarines equipped with the same nuclear reactors. It should be noted that the responsible officers informed the command before trials that port-side reactor was not tested yet after small failure took place on 13 October 1967 but their warnings were not taken into consideration. K-133 performed 2 patrol missions (103 days total) in 1966–1968, 2 patrol missions (93 days total) in 1971–1976, 1 patrol mission (48 days) in 1977 and 1 patrol mission in 1983–1986. Photo via Wikimedia The rescue operation ended in death. [10], Laid down 28 November 1962, launched 17 August 1963, and commissioned 30 November 1963. K-60 entered service with the Northern Fleet (given to 3rd division of nuclear submarines which was a part of 1st submarine flotilla, based in Malaya Lopatka of Zapadnaya Litsa Fjord) on 6 August 1964. On 12 February 1988 a fire took place in a hold of VII compartment during maintenance work in the naval base, the fire was brought under control using submarine chemical smothering arrangement but one man was lost. In February 1965, radioactive steam blasted through K-11 on two separate occasions while it underwent refueling at base. 09 November 2020. The submarine was decommissioned from the order of battle on 30 May 1989. Three compartments equipped with bulkheads to withstand 10 atm pressure could be used as emergency shelters. All of the survivors remain laid-up hulks in Russian naval bases (K-14, K-42, K-115 and K-133 of the Pacific Fleet; K-11 and K-21 of the Northern Fleet). The second patrol mission to the Mediterranean Sea took place between 29 June – 30 August 1965 (60 days), K-27 detected and performed training attack with a nuclear torpedo against US Randolph aircraft carrier during NATO naval maneuvers off Sardinia. Submarines Your questions answered SPECIAL REPORT. Besides combat duties K-50 took place in training cruises and tests of new equipment also. More than 135 Soviet organizations (20 design bureaus, 35 research institutes, 80 works) participated in the design and construction of this completely new type of submarine in 1952–1958. Launched on 9 August 1957. 8 533 mm bow torpedo tubes (20 torpedoes SET-65 or 53-65K). [14], Podvodnyy Lodki Rossii, Atomnyy Pervoye Pokoleniye Tom IV, Chast' 1, Sankt Peterburg 1996, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Russian and Soviet navy submarine classes, 1966 Soviet submarine global circumnavigation, List of Soviet and Russian submarine classes, Article in Russian language with several photos and video of K-3 surfaced on the North Pole, "NATO Code Names for Submarines and Ships: Submarine Classes / Reporting Name", http://www.ais.org/~schnars/aero/nato-shp.htm, http://www.deepstorm.ru/DeepStorm.files/45-92/nts/627a/list.htm, http://rusnavy.com/news/navy/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=11811, http://www.wired.co.uk/magazine/archive/2010/05/start/grounded-submarine-photographed-with-sonar, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/November-class_submarine?oldid=4536373, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 1 (pr. In this replacement, competition among AIP submarines, i.e., TKMS 212CD, SAAB, NAVAL Shortfine derivative, and maybe- SK 3000-class will be repeated. They also provided painful lessons, paid in human lives lost or irreparably injured, in the risks inherent to exploiting nuclear power, and in the high price to be paid for technical errors and lax safety procedures. Crewmembers were evacuated from the reactor compartment, the reactor cover was lowered down and naval staff was informed about the accident. [2] The accident occurred due to short circuits that took place in III and VII compartments simultaneously at a depth of 120 m and a subsequent fire in the air-conditioning system. [citation needed], The reliability of the first Soviet nuclear-powered submarines was relatively low because of the short service life of the steam generators in the main propulsion machinery, which caused an increase of the radioactivity level in the second loop of the reactor after several hundred hours of reactor operation. Was located next to K-431 during the nuclear fuel accident during 10 August 1985. K-27, the lone Project 645 boat, experienced a breakdown in its port-side reactor on May 24, 1968, in the Barents Sea—despite the crew warning that the reactor had experienced a similar malfunction in 1967 and had yet to test that it was functioning properly. [citation needed]. The keel was laid on 24 September 1955. K-14 performed 14 long-range cruises and passed 185,831 miles (22,273 operational hours) since placed in service.[5]. There were also three small incidents with K-8 whilst on patrol before (breakdowns of steam generators in 1960–1961). In 1963 the submarine performed a long-range cruise (51 days) to Atlantic equatorial zone for the first time for Soviet Navy. K-14, which would distinguish itself in the medical evacuation of an Arctic expedition in 1963, also experienced a reactor breakdown in 1961, necessitating its replacement the following years. The Encyclopedia Of Warships, From World War 2 To The Present Day, General Editor Robert Jackson. 645), surface – 3,065 / 3,118 / 3,414 t; submerged – 4,750 / 4,069 / 4,380 t (project 627 / 627A / 645), 5.6 / 6.4 / 5.8 m (project 627 / 627A / 645). This was the first loss of a Soviet nuclear-powered submarine. A later investigation concluded the fire may have been caused by a sailor smoking in the torpedo compartment. In 1965, K-27 managed to sneak up on the antisubmarine carrier USS Randolph off of Sardinia and complete a mock torpedo run before being detected. [citation needed] The first commander of K-3 was Captain 1st Rank L.G. About ASPI The Australian Strategic Policy Institute was formed in 2001 as an independent, non‑partisan think tank. The submarine reached base successfully. The submarine performed 9 cruises in 1960 (passed 1,997 miles up-top and 11,430 miles submerged), including patrol mission in Atlantic Ocean. The 'NOVEMBERs' were the first Soviet SSNs, contemporaries of the 'ECHO' class SSGN and 'HOTEL' class SSBN. 10th submarine division became a part of 2nd submarine flotilla of the Red Banner Pacific Fleet in November 1973. The submarine performed an Arctic cruise that year (passed 2,382 miles up-top and 3,524 miles submerged) and launched four torpedoes to determine a size of an ice-hole after explosion and a possibility to surface there. The surviving vessels were decommissioned between 1986 and 1990. First submarine in the U.S. Navy. [citation needed]. November Class Submarine. Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Returns & Orders. 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